Mosaic
Covenant

            God
had designed the Mosaic Covenant to lead Israel to a life of practical holiness
for them to see the nature of God and His plan for how they should live.  God revealed the exact function and beauty of
his laws to his people at the foot of Mount Sinai.  The laws were intended to direct the group to
meet the needs in a loving-responsible manner. 
However, most individuals looked at the law the wrong way.  They looked at it as a way to prosperity.  They thought that if they obeyed the laws,
then they would earn God’s blessings instead of the means to fulfill God’s
ultimate law of love. 

            Exodus
shows that there are three parts to God’s law system.  The first part is the Ten Commandments which
contain the absolutes of spiritual and moral life.  The second part is the civil law that which
gives the people rules to manage their lives. 
The third part is the ceremonial law that shows God’s people the
patterns for building the tabernacle and for regular worship.  God was reaching out to the Israelites in the
importance of their choices and responsibilities.  He blessed them when they obeyed the conditions
of the law.  However, if they choose to
forget or disobey He would punish them or allow calamities to come over
them.  This was part of the written
agreement God made with His people. 
There are many countries of the world today, which base their laws on
the moral system set up in the book of Exodus. 

            The
Mosaic Covenant is a conditional covenant made between God and the people of
Israel.  God promises are directly
related to Israel’s obedience to the Mosaic Law; if the Israelites obey the
laws they will be blessed or punished if they disobey.  God reminded the people to be obedient to His
laws, and the people agreed to the covenant when they said, “We will do
everything the Lord has said; we will obey” (Exodus 24:7).  The Mosaic Covenant was an equally binding
unconditional covenant that God had put in place for God’s chosen people of
Israel to set them apart from all other nations.  It shows that God has blessed the world with
His written word and the living word, Jesus.

            In
Deuteronomy, God reviewed his laws with the Israelites because He did not want
it to be kingdom known for its politicians, government, and military but its
faith, righteousness, and God.  The
commitment to God and His truth could not be taken for granted.  This legal contract was between God, and His
people had to be renewed by the new generation about to enter the Promised
Land.  Each generation and each person
must respond afresh to God’s call for obedience.  “The Lord your God, am a jealous God,
punishing the children for the sin of the parents to the third and fourth
generation of those who hate me, but showing love to a thousand generations of
those who love me and keep my commandments” (Deut. 5:9-10).  The Law led to a long life of blessing for
those who were obedient.  The essence of
the Mosaic Law and what it meant to obey God’s laws is stated in Deuteronomy
6:5 “Love the Lord your God with all your heart and will all your soul and
with all your strength.” 

            The
Mosaic Law is one of six covenants that God made with Israel.  They all have five concepts in common with
each other: their authority resides in God, no covenant nullifies a previous
one, they came at a time of crisis, curses for disobedience, and salvation is
not obtained by keeping any covenant. 
The covenant was addressed to Israel and only Israel with its Godly
authoritative rules that specified standards of righteousness.  The parts of the covenant are not meant to
individuals part but are intended to be one. 

            Both
stories from Exodus and Deuteronomy are about God and how He is faithful to His
promises.   However, one was a holy man,
Moses that sought to do the will of God in everything he did.  The other was a young nation, Israel who was
trying to figure out exactly who they were. 
The Mosaic Law reveals to individuals their sins and their need for a
Savior.  It builds on the idea that
obedience to God is necessary for blessings. 
The Mosaic covenant is a work based rather than a grace covenant. The
work-based principle, however, was limited to the matter of blessing in this
life and was not related at all to the question of salvation for eternity.

However, Christ said that He did not come to
abolish the covenant but to fulfill it. 
This confuses some individuals because they are not saved by keeping the
law in the Old Testament, but that salvation is by faith alone.

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