Motown is the sound that changed America. No other record company in history had more than 180 number 1 hit songs worldwide and still is counting and Motown just celebrated their 50th anniversary. Marvin Gaye, Temptations, Jackson 5, and many much brought together a divided country. In this essay I first will tell you more information about Motown and where it got its name from, I then will tell you about Marvin Gaye and his history dealings with Motown, next I will talk about Stevie Wonder and explain his life and how he became a part of Motown, and lastly I will talk about Jackson 5 and talk about how they became a group and their dealings with Motown.
Motown is a group of hard-working people overcoming bumps along the way to reach a success goal in life. On January 12, 1959, an African American songwriter named Berry Gordy founded Motown. He took out a loan of $800 from his family to start Motown Records. He is from Detroit. Detroit was known as the “Motor City”. Detroit to him was always a warm place with heartwarming people that he grew up around. In Detroit they used “town instead of “city” and that’s where he came up with the name Motown. Motown was the first African-American owned record label to reach a national acknowledgment. Berry Gordy was not only a songwriter and founder of Motown, but he was a producer, innovative entrepreneur, and teacher. Overall, he made Motown a worldwide phenomenon that was loved by many. The upbeat music brought together black and white, pop and soul, old and new generation and still today very popular. Next, I will talk about Marvin Gaye and his history and how he became a part of a Motown artist.
Marvin Gaye was born in 1939 in Washington D.C. Marvin Gaye Jr. was named after his father Marvin Gay. Later in Marvin Gaye Jr, life he added the “e” at the end of his last name. In 1950, Marvin Gaye joined the group called The New Moonglows and soon after, he signed to the famous Motown Records. In the beginning Marvin Gaye spent a lot of time behind the scenes. He started off as the drummer for Stevie Wonder, The Supremes, and Martha and the Vandellas. 11 years later Marvin first hit with Motown was “Stubborn Kind of Fellow”. After some time passed he released many more songs like “Hitchhike”, “Can I Get a Witness”, and “How Sweet It Is”. Over the years Marvin have made many other songs with different artists like Diana Ross, Tammi Terri, and many others. In 1968 the recording “I Heard It Through the Grapevine” sold four million copies and became Motown’s top selling single. Now I will talk about Stevie Wonder and tell you how he became a part of Motown.
Stevie Wonder was born Stevland Hardaway Judkins on May 13th, 1950 in Saginaw, Michigan. He was born six weeks early with an eye disorder which was exacerbated where he received a lot much oxygen in an incubator, which lead to his blindness. Before the age of 10, he taught himself how to play the harmonica, piano, and drums. Stevie Wonder was discovered by Ronnie White of the Motown band the Miracles as age 11. He then auditioned for Berry Gordy and he signed him to a Motown record deal. Over the years he was faced with challenges of staying on the topic relevant to what he was known for singing. That’s when he grew from a boy to a man, and his voice matured into a tenor. In 1971, Stevie Wonder ended up getting a new contract with Motown which gave him a lot more control over his music. Over the years, he had four outstanding albums. Stevie Wonder created some of the most greatest songs in popular music history. His album Talking Book offered two number one hits. Next was the album Innervision The record featured two socially conscious number one R charts. His first finale release of Fulfillingness was inspired after he survived a bad car accident that left him in a coma. He had two number one hits both the pop and R on this album as well. After this Stevie Wonder created many more albums with a lot more number one hits. With Stevie’s Blindness, he has opened a lot of opportunities for the blind and those with disabilities. He was named a United Nations Messenger of Peace in 2009 from the International Day Persons with Disabilities. Lastly, I will talk about the famous group the Jackson 5. I will tell you about how they became a group and their dealings with Motown.
Jackie, Tito, Jermaine, Marlon, and Michael were the five brothers who became one of the biggest groups in history. The group ranged from ages nine to fourteen. They group was brought to Berry Gordy’s attention by Bobby Taylor of the Vancouver. Berry Gordy fell in love with Michael. He sang his songs with so much inspiration. It was like he had went through everything he was singing about. Right off top, they exploded onto the pop and R charts in the 1969 with “I Want You Back”. Diana Ross played a big part in the Jackson 5’s debut. She allowed them to be an opening act for herself and the Supremes concert in 1969. A few day after that group was on their way to stardom. They had Four chart-topping releases followed over the next eleven months with some of my favorite songs like “ABC”, “The Love You Save”, and “I’ll Be There”. That made Jackson 5 the only group to have its first four records reach number 1 on the charts. This group captured the hearts of young people and a lot of other people from different ages with their talent and charm. It was the youngest Michael in the group that was the lead singer and who stood out the most to the people. To me, Jackson 5 is one of the best groups In Motown.
As you can see, Motown has come a long way. They have had many inspiring artists throughout the years. Motown is the sound that changed America. To me personally, it’s one of the best types of music to listen to. A lot of these Motown artists had meaning and a purpose for the type of music they wrote and singed. It also brought together racially divided country and segregated society around the world. This type of music caused a lot of people to come together and relate to it as one. Like I stated before no other record company in history had more than 180 number 1 hit songs worldwide and counting. Overall, I’veDT1 explained to you In this essay information about Motown, the founder of Motown and its history and where it got its name from, I then told you about Marvin Gaye and his history dealings with Motown, I also talked about Stevie Wonder and explain his life and how he became a part of Motown, and lastly I talked about Jackson 5 and told you about how they became a group and their dealings with the famous Motown Records.