Mung bean pulses are the most important parts of our dietdue their nutrition factors.It is cultivated twice in Pakistan during year, first in Feb. and second inJune. Proper planning and growth monitoring is required to have the requiredyield to fulfill the demand of mung beans because growth assessment is thebasic factor to estimate the yield. The traditional method of growth assessmentare either very difficult are unreliable. As these methods are mainly based onphysical parameters like: number of leafs, shapes of leafs, height of plant,color of plants etc.
All these parameters are subjective in nature, due whichstandard results cannot be achieved. Number of remote sensing techniques arebeing employed for the growth monitoring now a day’s. Since Mung plant havetheir unique spectral features (reflectance or emission regions), they will be identified fromremote sensing imagery according to their unique spectral characteristics. Steps involve in Mung plant growthmapping include image preprocessing and image classification. A number ofmethods are being used to collect remotely sensed data which are satelliteimagery, photographic data etc. MSR-5 CROP SCANdevice will be used to have remotely sensed data of mung beans field time totime. This device facilitates to provide data compatible to LANDSAT (asatellite which provide data regarding to agriculture field). Acquired datawill be manipulated by using some protocols defined by vender of the MSR-5device.
This work will be a milestone to develop a modern technique, based onquantitative analysis, for the growth assessments of other crops also. 1. IntroductionPulsesare very important in balanced diet due to their nutritional values. They havecritical role with their high fabric source of protein, and essentialnutrients, plus low-fat contents. The dry pluses contain no cholesterol. Theyare recommended to be included in diets of people suffering from the diabetics andheart diseases.
Mung beans are a high source of nutrients: including magnesium,potassium, manganese, zinc, copper and various B vitamins. This is also a veryfilling food, high in resistant starch and dietary fiber. These are being usedin dried powder form, as uncooked beans as bean noodles split-peeled, and alsosprouted seeds.
The dried seed may be eaten raw, fermented, cooked or milled.Due to their high nutrient density mung bean are also considered useful indefending against several chronic, age related diseases, including heartdisease, obesity, diabetes and cancer. In Chinese cuisine the mung beans are used tomake sugar water. Also in China, the boiled and shelled beans are used as fillingin glutinous rice dumplings eaten during the dragon boat festival. The beansmay also be cooked until soft, blended into liquid, sweetened, and served as abeverage, popular in many parts of China. In Indonesia, they aremade into popular dessert snack. In Hong Kong, mung beans and mung paste aremade into ice cream or frozen ice pop.
Mungcrop is widely cultivated in a large number of countries. In Pakistan it iscultivated twice in a year; firsttime during the month of February and second time in June and July, due to thatit is economically valuable for the formers. There are different verities of mungbeans some of them are NM-121-25, NM-20-21, NM-51, NM-54, NM-92, AEM-96,NM-98, Chakwal Mung-97, Karak Mung-1, Ramzan-2005, NM-2006,ChakwalMung-2006, AZRI Mung-06 and Dera Mung.Allthe verities are not equally suitable to be caltivated in different areas tohave proper yeild. For this purpose selection of proper seed and growthmonitering are essential. Afterthe selecting the appropriate veritie of mung beans for better productionfollowing steps should be taken carefully, selection of land, preparation ofland, fertilizer application, sowing method, seed treatment, weed control,insect pests and proper growth monitoring of plants.
In this research we willdiscuses how a large field of mung plant can be monitored remotely by usingMSR-5 SCANCROP device.