Mung bean pulses are the most important parts of our diet
due their nutrition factors.
It is cultivated twice in Pakistan during year, first in Feb. and second in
June. Proper planning and growth monitoring is required to have the required
yield to fulfill the demand of mung beans because growth assessment is the
basic factor to estimate the yield. The traditional method of growth assessment
are either very difficult are unreliable. As these methods are mainly based on
physical parameters like: number of leafs, shapes of leafs, height of plant,
color of plants etc. All these parameters are subjective in nature, due which
standard results cannot be achieved. Number of remote sensing techniques are
being employed for the growth monitoring now a day’s. Since Mung plant have
their unique spectral features (reflectance or emission regions), they will be identified from
remote sensing imagery according to their unique spectral characteristics. Steps involve in Mung plant growth
mapping include image preprocessing and image classification. A number of
methods are being used to collect remotely sensed data which are satellite
imagery, photographic data etc. MSR-5 CROP      SCAN
device will be used to have remotely sensed data of mung beans field time to
time. This device facilitates to provide data compatible to LANDSAT (a
satellite which provide data regarding to agriculture field). Acquired data
will be manipulated by using some protocols defined by vender of the MSR-5
device. This work will be a milestone to develop a modern technique, based on
quantitative analysis, for the growth assessments of other crops also.

1.    
Introduction

Pulses
are very important in balanced diet due to their nutritional values. They have
critical role with their high fabric source of protein, and essential
nutrients, plus low-fat contents. The dry pluses contain no cholesterol. They
are recommended to be included in diets of people suffering from the diabetics and
heart diseases. Mung beans are a high source of nutrients: including magnesium,
potassium, manganese, zinc, copper and various B vitamins. This is also a very
filling food, high in resistant starch and dietary fiber. These are being used
in dried powder form, as uncooked beans as bean noodles split-peeled, and also
sprouted seeds. The dried seed may be eaten raw, fermented, cooked or milled.
Due to their high nutrient density mung bean are also considered useful in
defending against several chronic, age related diseases, including heart
disease, obesity, diabetes and cancer.

 In Chinese cuisine the mung beans are used to
make sugar water. Also in China, the boiled and shelled beans are used as filling
in glutinous rice dumplings eaten during the dragon boat festival. The beans
may also be cooked until soft, blended into liquid, sweetened, and served as a
beverage, popular in many parts of China. In Indonesia, they are
made into popular dessert snack. In Hong Kong, mung beans and mung paste are
made into ice cream or frozen ice pop.

Mung
crop is widely cultivated in a large number of countries. In Pakistan it is
cultivated twice in a year; first
time during the month of February and second time in June and July, due to that
it is economically valuable for the formers.

There are different verities of mung
beans some of them are NM-121-25, NM-20-21, NM-51, NM-54, NM-92, AEM-96,
NM-98, Chakwal Mung-97, Karak Mung-1, Ramzan-2005, NM-2006,
Chakwal
Mung-2006, AZRI Mung-06 and Dera Mung.

All
the verities are not equally suitable to be caltivated in different areas to
have proper yeild. For this purpose selection of proper seed and growth
monitering are essential.    

After
the selecting the appropriate veritie of mung beans for better production
following steps should be taken carefully, selection of land, preparation of
land, fertilizer application, sowing method, seed treatment, weed control,
insect pests and proper growth monitoring of plants. In this research we will
discuses how a large field of mung plant can be monitored remotely by using
MSR-5 SCANCROP device.

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