Nearly not take part in those fields; by

 Nearly 5
years ago, a woman joining the military and ready for full combat, wasn’t
plausible. Now in this era, it has become reality. However, could such advancement
be reasonable? The result of the change places women at a disadvantage and puts
them in a greater danger than what is faced by men. Women were not made to
destroy or conquer things. They were especially not made for war. Traditionally
speaking, men fought in a war, not women. Opening combat roles to women lends a
veneer of democratic engagement without actually having any real connection to
larger society. It has been society’s fundamental belief that men do well in
jobs that are considered “risky” such as combat, and woman do not take part in
those fields; by doing so, she would cause the military’s fighting capability
to be lowered because the physical strength of a woman compared
to that of a man is low. She would increase her chances of sexual harassment
and put herself at risk of becoming infertile. Most importantly it goes against
the tradition of the military.            The
Women’s
Armed Services Integration Act of 1948 excluded women from combat
positions. In January 2013, Secretary Defense Leon Panetta rescinded the ground
combat exclusion policy (Wikipedia 11 November 2017). “Over 280,000
women have been deployed to war zones; over 200 women have died and over 800
have been wounded in combat” (Hoit, Kate. 26 May 2014,).
To refuse a woman any position within the military especially infantry, does go
against the Nation’s attempt to promote gender equality. However, keeping women
out of branches that requires her to go to war, for example, the Marine Corps
is not about oppressing women’s rights or sealing off gender equality. It is
mainly about maintaining the most combat-effective military. The U.S. hegemony
is slowly decreasing and nations like China, Iran, and North Korea are building
their forces. The people of this country should be concerned about creating the
best trained, strongest, most ready military force to defend their nation.There currently isn’t
any woman in the National Basketball Association, the National Football League,
Major League Baseball, or other professional sports geared for men. Their
absence has nothing to do with discrimination but is rooted in the fact that
women biologically are not able to perform physically to the same level as men.
Elizabeth
Hoisington, who was one of the first women to attain high rank in the Army
voiced that women should not serve in combat roles because they aren’t
“physically, mentally and emotionally qualified” (U.S News. 15 May 2013).  Although feminists may be upset about such a
statements or may say things like “But women may still gain the requisite upper
body muscle mass to dead lift objects just as successful as men” (Factor
Women, 9 Dec. 2009, )doesn’t make a woman biologically
stronger than a man. More so, a woman (even a trained one) cannot match that of a
man’s physical strength in which the man was born with. What men consider to be
a normal physical exercise is more often than not, excruciating for women to
perform. Men are typically larger than women on average, so the amount of
muscle a man has compared to a woman shows a great deal.  “Men have an average of 26 pounds more
skeletal muscle than women, and women produce more body fat than men.” (Wolchover,
Natalie. Sept. 2017,). This signals that women may have a hard time
moving quickly with gear on their backs and an even harder time maintaining
pace over a long period of time. Women who are on the
battlefield will find it rather difficult to carry a wounded man from the
battlefield into safety, no matter how strong or fit they are. These
things mentioned, puts undue strains on a woman’s reproductive system, which
may lead to infertility.   A woman’s health can be
damaged by constant physical loads. This refers to a woman’s reproductive
system particularly. A study performed on women who had physically demanding
jobs (military) found that “women, who were employed by an occupation that was
physically demanding, had a lower egg count than those who didn’t normally have
those harsh physical demands.” (Newsroom, BMJ. 2017, Feb.).  Among the women going through the study, the
ones who held a physically demanding job had “8.8 percent of them had a lower
egg reserve and 14.1 percent had fewer mature eggs than women whose jobs did
not require such physical demand.” It’s should be obvious when compared to
becoming infertile, lowering of egg count and taking on high physical demands
for example combat; women should think twice about these concerns before
enlisting. Women should also carefully examine how they would be perceived,
when joining occupations like the military.The military is
predominantly male and women represent the minority. Having just men living in
a tiny room, no privacy designated sleeping spaces or restrooms, may be hard
for men to face but doesn’t present any operational problem. However, if one of
the crewmembers had been a woman or two women and one man, there would be
problems. It is psychologically awkward to put mixed men and women in such
intimate settings. The Pentagon estimated “that about 6.1 percent of women have
been assaulted”.  (Kennedy, Kelly. 25 July 2013 ),
and sexual assault will more than likely steadily increase due to this
psychological friction, in spite of the discipline enforced by the military.
Women
negatively affect discipline in a male environment, which reduces the
military’s combat value. By having a woman serve in direct combat may lower
mission effectiveness, and hurt unit morale and cohesion. In some situations,
men may act foolishly to protect women in their combat units. Both males and
females are at risk of torture and rape but in misogynistic societies, women
are more likely to be abused.  Within the
combat unit, the presence of a woman in a hyper-masculine military subculture,
more than likely will lead to a sexual assault on the women or resentment
towards her. Additionally, if a woman becomes pregnant, this may affect the
deployability of a unit especially because the unit may then have a
disproportionate number of women. American cultural
values are highly in favor of “protecting” women, so putting women in a
situation where they find themselves captured or possibly sexually harassed
will counter those values.  Dating back to WWI and
WWII, women couldn’t enlist in combat roles. Women had roles in the military
like a “mail clerk, bank teller, and munitions.” (Jenson, Kimberly 2012)
The closest women would get to the combat zone was if she had been part of the
medical division. Going back even further into tradition, it wasn’t a
coincidence that the four fathers of this nation did not push to have women on
the front lines. Perhaps, this was because the response to female casualties
would have less likely been forgiving. Maybe, it was understood back then, that
women were specially made to bear children. More so, it may have been believed
women were to stay home and tend to household duties. Nothing has changed from
then up until this point, except the political side of things. While
physically, mentally and emotionally, a woman’s make-up has remained the same. Serving in combat roles
is solely a masculine occupation, and should have remained such.  To a degree, yes a woman on the front line is
a victory for equality. But those who still hope for peace, justice, and a
powerful nation should not lose sight of the vision; to create and keep the
strongest, most powerful military force. Women should be incorporated into the
combat roles of the military if and only if they’re needed for backup. However,
if the backup is not needed, it would not be in the Nation’s best interests to
enlist women into any combat roles, as it goes against tradition.  The incorporation of women makes training for
a unit take longer because they have to train harder than men do, to become
physically fit. This can affect the readiness of a unit if a woman becomes
pregnant.  The Nation should be
concerned about all combat units being as strong as possible. Not with trying
to maintain a certain public image. The Nation should do this to strengthen its
security, which should be the most important aspect for combat units.