Discovery Learning Collaborative Learning 1 A type of learning in which one or more than one persons are involved to dinf the solution of a specific problem or question. An instruction method in which learners work in groups towards a common academic, social goal. 2 It is a systemised way of learning. It is not a systematic way of learning. 3 Formal Informal 4 It doesnot allow to much freedom and creativity It allows freedom and creativity 5 High congnitive skills are required High social and communication skills are required 6 Inductive reasoning is used Deductive reason is used 7 it helps in development of creativity and problem solving skills It helps in development of real world, situation based problem solving skills 8 It involves active management It involves moderate management. 9 Students must be active; they should identify main principles not only depend on teacher’s explanation. Student may be active or moderate in learning; it is not necessary to identify the main principle or instructor explanation.
10 The learner organise self effort. Students organise their efforts between themselves (group-structured) 11 Scientific based problem approaches Real world problems approaches 12 No preparation for real life social. Preparation for real life social and employment situation. 13 Individual effort counted as a whole. Group effort counted as a whole 14 It is based on the cognitive constructivist school of thought.
It is based on social constructivist school of thought. 15 There is no cooperation and high competition between learners. There is cooperation between learners and no competition. 16 Learners use only instructions provided by instructors, not to use owns.
Learners use existing cognitive structures. 17 e.g guided discovery, problem based learning e.g fishbowl debate, Questions Challange to classfellow