North Korea’snuclear History begins with the Korean War when the Unite States of Americathreated to use nuclear weapons to end the War. Since then, the UNSC is workingto denuclearize North Korea with a number of Resolutions such as Resolution1965, 1718, 1874, 2087.
Also, highly involved in the denuclearization try isSouth Korea, China, Russia, Japan, U.S.A.
First Steps (1950-1960): Since the early 50’s, DPRK showedinterest about nuclear technology and has taken the knowledge related tonuclear energy from the Soviet Union. In April 1955, North Korea establishedthe Atomic Energy Research Institute in addition to the Academy of Sciences.One year later the government signed a joint with USSSR’s joint Institute forNuclear Research which strengthened their nuclear capabilities as North Koreanscientists were able to attend USSR training.
In 1959, the Soviet Union andDPRK reached a consensus on the use of nuclear power, and the dispatch of ascientist from North Korea to the Soviet Union was considered as a stepforward. Though North Korea received assistance from many other nations for thedevelopment of their nuclear program but as a matter of fact it remainedindependent from foreign influences. The Soviet Union supplied NorthKorea with an IRT-2000 pool-type research reactor forYongbyon.
The delivery wascompletely done in 1963 and the operation began in 1965. The program’s expansion (1960-1990): As the time was passing North Koreabecame more independent in the nuclear research. Several upgrades in thereactors were made, firstly, in 1974 DPRK upgraded its Soviet-supplier reactorto 8 MW and five years late began to build a second 50NW nuclear reactorsimilar with the Soviet Union’s one in Yongbyon. While the construction of thereactor was in progress North Korea was growing in other sectors, they built a processingplant and a fuel rod fabrication. During the ’80s, the government afterresearch realized that light-water reactors were producing more easily largeamounts of electricity which was required back then. After the demise of theSoviet Union in 1991, North Korea’s government rebuffed to cooperate withRussia as they did not want to pay extra money.
Consequently, the project remainedstable for some time. At the beginning of the ’90s DPRK signed the NPT and theJoint Declaration of the Korean Peninsula.1990-2000: In 1994, there was a crisis withNorth Korea when the rebuffed to allow IAEA inspectors to search and analyzetheir plutonium production and its reprocessing abilities. Also, the governmentbegan threatening to withdraw from the NPT if the United States or othernations threatens DPRK with sanctions or retaliatory action. The discussion andthe negotiation over the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weaponsdragged on until the President Jimmy Carter traveled to Pyongyang where he metwith the North Korean leader. Consequently, both sides reached a consensus andsigned the U.S.
– North Korea Agreed Framework. North Korea, also agreed to endits graphite moderated nuclear reactor program in exchange for the constructionof two 1000-MWe light- water reactors at Kumho. The construction started in2000 by the Korean Peninsula Energy Developmet Organization but it suspended inNovember 2003. The Sic-Party Talks held a discussion on 19 September 2005, whenNorth Korea pledged to end all its nuclear programs and to return to NPT whichhad withdrew a couple years ago.