On July 16,1862 in Mississippi Ida B. Wells was born.She was the oldest out of 5 brothers and 3 sisters.Their parents name was James and Lizzie Wells.Living in Mississippi as African Americans, they faced racial unfairness and were restricted by unfair rules and practices.
Her father, James, was involved with the Freedman’s Aid Society and helped start Shaw University, a school for the newly freed slaves ( Rust College), and served on the first board of administrator.It was at Shaw University that Ida B. Wells went to school early at the age of 16 she had to drop out when tragedy struck her family. Both of her parents and one of her siblings died in a yellow fever outbreak, leaving Wells to care for her other siblings. However, she convinced a nearby country school administrator that she was 18, and landed a job as a teacher.In 1882, Wells moved with her sisters and brothers to Memphis to live with an aunt.Ida B.Wells was an African-American writer, abolitionist and feminist who led an anti-lynching crusade in the United States in the 1890s.
She went on to found and become essential in groups striving for African-American justice.The BuildupA lynching in Memphis enraged Ida B. Wells and caused her to start an anti-lynching campaign in 1892. Three African-American men Tom Moss, Calvin McDowell and Will Stewart set up a grocery store. Their new business drew customers away from a white owned stores in the neighborhood, and the white store owners and supporters fought with the three men a few times.
One night, Tom Moss and the others guarded their store in a attack and ended up shooting several of the white hoodlums. They were arrested and brought to jail, but they didn’t have a chance to defend themselves against the charges. A lynch mob took them from their cells and murdered them.
The heart of the storyIda B. Wells led many organizations such as NAACP(National association for the advancement of colored people)Alpha Suffrage Club.She affected many african americans by leading the anti-lynching crusade in Memphis in 1890s-1930s.
The anti-lynching movement was a civil rights movement in the United States that had a goal to remove the practice of lynching. Lynching was used as a tool to repress African Americans.Lynchings were becoming a way of resolving some of the anger that whites had in a relationship to the free blacks.
The Short Term Impact An incident where three businessmen were lynched by a white mob, forced her to speak against this lynching case and as a result of this her newspaper office was destroyed. There were death threats, but Ida still spoke against lynching in public meetings. She was also personally responsible for establishing a number of associations which upheld the values of civil rights, and spoke against racial discrimination in government offices.In the year 1892, Ida raised her voice against a lynching episode that took place in Memphis.This lynching incident made Ida to travel in the southern parts and collect information and research about lynching incidents.
After an article published in newspaper, a white mob demolished everything in her newspaper office and issued a death threat. Fortunately, Ida was travelling to New York at the time but she could not come back to Memphis because of the threats.In the year 1895, she published her book of lynching in ‘A Red Record’. This is considered as one of the most truthful and honest books of the history of lynching that happened in America even after the passing of the Civil Rights Act.To continue on the path of civil rights activism, she established the ‘National Association of Colored Women’ in 1896.In 1908, she protested forcefully against assaults on the African-American community in Illinois. Later that year, she attended a meeting which would eventually lead to the formation of NAACP or National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People.
She later came out of the organization, as she felt that there was lack of action-based moves.ConclusionIda B.Wells was an African-American writer, abolitionist and feminist who led an anti-lynching crusade in the U.S in the 1890s.
She went on to found and become essential in groups striving for African American justice.we should remember Ida B.Wells because of her great work for the African American community and the fight for justice. Ida B.Wells was also a great role model and activist for women.Ida B.
Wells not only stood up for the freedom of Blacks however for women.