Oppositely,there are a lot of differences between both movements when it comes to thematerial, style, texture, and the time each one was ended in. Architect AntonioSant’Elia became one the futurist architect by making drawings of moderncities and futuristic buildings.
Materials which are used in architecture areglass, cardboard, reinforced concrete, as well as, wood, brick, and stonesubstitutes, different lightness and flexibility. Moving to the main painters of Neoplasticism are Theovan Doesburg and Piet Mondrian which applied their style to a host of media inthe fine and applied arts and beyond for their own type of abstract paintingwhich used geometric forms in black, white, grey, and primary colours. Thereare four main elements in Neoplasticism architecture which are white elementsto shape the house and its structure, grey elements to show the hidden andexposed areas, linear elements and functional elements. It is obvious how it was against thedecorative excesses of Art Deco. Futurism’s mainsubject is modern urban scenes which express energy, so it was something atthat time. Later on, The Futurists discovered every medium of art, includingpainting, sculpture, poetry, theatre, music, architecture and even gastronomy.
“We Futurists are trying with the power ofintuition, to place ourselves at the very centre of things, in such a way thatour ego forms with their own uniqueness a single complex. We give plasticplanes a plastic expansion in space, obtaining this feeling of something inperpetual motion which is peculiar to everything living”-( Carlo Carra). “What do I want to express with my work? Nothingelse than that every artist seeks: to achieve harmony through the balance ofthe relationship between lines, colours and planes. But only inclearest and strongest way”- (Piet Mondrian).
Thedifference between the two quotes explains the way of thinking and how thefinal work is planned to be. The work of Futurism expresses more things and ismore complicated compared to how simple Neoplasticism is which has one goal, tomake art simple and basic as possible and that was the only reason. Simplification was needed in the artworld to be returned, and especially after cynicism of the Dada, the damage andconfusion of World War 1. It is said that Futurism ended in1915-16 but still, artists nowadays get influenced by how art, violence, andmachines are connected together to form an artwork because they represented thetechnological triumph of man over nature. However, Futurists made artwork which was inspiring untilMarinetti’s death in 1944, later art movements such as Art Deco, Vorticism,Constructivism, Surrealism, Dadaism and much later Neo-Futurism were severelyinfluenced by the work of the Futurists.
Are Marinetti’s thoughts stillexistent? Yes in the Japanese culture and their mangas and anime, but with newdevelopment such as speed was chosen in order to create new forms of theatre in1988 and after that Futurism started to be destroyed ever since the death of itsleader Marinetti. Futurism did not directly recognize its uniquestyle and worked in borrowing elements from varioustechnical characteristics of Post-Impressionism, which include Symbolism and Divisionismand more into Divisionism. It was complicated as it divided light and coloursinto painted dots and stripes, and cracking the canvas plane into sections, atthe beginning was taken as an example from Severini and other artists. Artists wanted to filter art tobe almost scientific precision and perfection in the period of Neoplasticism.
In addition, arrangement andbalance made a great part of artist’s artwork, and this leads tomore dominant in the next few decades of modern design and modern architecture.It was different from one artist to the other for example Theo vanDoesburg used in his work diagonals and the colour green which was not commonwith Piet Mondrian as he was the leading painter of the group; nevertheless:other artists in the group used a combination between Theo van Doesburg andPiet Mondrian’s work. This art movement, in the beginning, was named as De Stijl and then Piet realized that itmakes more sense as Neo comes from New and Plasticism refers to form making theword Neo-Plasticism. Despite the fact that Piet Mondrian was a fan ofKandinsky’s writing, he disagreed about the variety of elements an abstractpainter should use.
Neoplasticism had influenced the Bauhaus artists and otherlater art movements such as Constructivism and artists who were associated withMinimalism.