Over American criminal justice system holds more than

Over the past few years, mass incarceration has become a widely known fact of the American Penal system.Fifty-nine percent of all state inmates were incarcerated for nonviolent crimes as of 2017, while our criminal justice policies increased the length of prison sentences and lessened the availability of parole. In many jails , prisons and juvenile detention facilities, imprisoned individuals suffered from physical mistreatment, inadequate medical and mental health care, barely tolerable physical conditions and excessive disciplinary sanctions. The American criminal justice system holds more than 2.3 million people in 3,163 local jails, 901 juvenile correctional facilities, 102 federal prisons and 1,719 state prisons. With this acknowledged awareness has come an agreement across the political scene that the American prisoner population needs to be reduced. In republican states as well as democrat efforts to end this have emerged across the country. What is missing is the consideration of what the dramatic expansion of the American carceral system has impacted the day to day experience of the more than 2.3 million people currently living behind bars in the United States. A plan focused only on how to reduce this number of incarcerated disregards that the American carceral system is failing daily to ensure safe and human conditions for people who live inside. In the United States the vast majority of people who wind up behind bars are eventually released, meaning treating people inhumanely while they are in custody is ultimately self defeating. American prisoners are already among societies most disadvantaged members, disproportionately likely to be suffering from learning disabilities, severe mental illness, drug addiction and to have been exposed to serious abuse or neglect as a child. Being incarcerated for extended periods of time instill fear, stress and deprivation and almost certainly leave people in a mot unfit for law-abiding and productive lives from when they went in. Even those who are able to stay relatively safe and mentally healthy while inside are likely to find it difficult to adjust to freedom after years of constant tension in an environment that manifests apprehensiveness, aggressiveness and distrust towards others. With the absence of and effective social reintegration program of people newly released from prison the harm done on the individuals by the carceral system is sure to be affecting communities at large , whether it be one way or another. Due to these conditions released inmates struggle at large with returning to society.