Overall numerousfactors impact parenting styles.
Such as adolescent behavior, ethnicity,overall surrounding and culture. For example such as research has shown thatmost of the Chinese parents adopt authoritarian parenting style ( Zimmerman& Schunk, 2011). Also researchshowed that authoritative parenting is the style commonly practiced in Canada (Shaw, 2008).
All parents implement various methods to raise their children withno fixed rules and guidelines, no written instructions and no proper commands.What works with one child at home might not completely with another child at adifferent home. How what and where parents where raised is the main thing thatimpacts that of a parent to parent a child. These four parenting styles are normallycalled Baumrind parenting styles. Which are the commonly known parenting stylesdeveloped by Baumrind adopted by parents across different countries.Lastly,the last parenting style is neglectful parenting. Unlike the last three,neglectful parenting is not responsive nor demanding.
As an alternative,parents a completely uninvolved with the child’s life and development. Neglectfulparents do not set any boundaries nor high standards, are usually insensitiveand unconcerned to their children’s emotional needs. Parents who normallyparent in this style normally have a mental issue themselves such asdepression, child neglect and where abused when they were younger. Children whowere raised with this parenting style are often mature and independent. Based offBaumrind research theses children raised in this style, are not socially activeand confident because less obedience demand by parents messes up their socialgrowth.
They are never educated about handling different situations, whichmeans cognitive growth is negatively affected. Therefore, they cannot self-regulateemotions, are more impulsive, developed more lawbreaking and addictionsproblems, and have more mental issues.ermissive parenting is aparenting style believethat believes achild should be treated equal and is undemanding and approachable.friendly. Parents who have thisstyle are normally compassionate and accommodating, only becausethey don’t like to upset their child and say no. These types of parents checkwith their child about strategies and decisions and gives explanations forfamily rules. Permissive parents are usually involved with their children andsetvery few rules and boundaries and are unwilling to enforce them. These parentsallow their child to control their own doingsactions as much as possible, anddoes not encourage the child to obey normal outside rules either.
Based off Baumrind research, Children brought up bypermissive parenting usually cannot follow rules, possessselfish tendencies, have worse self-control, and later encounter more problemsin relationships and social interactions later in life. PermissiveP Then there is Authoritarian parenting, also known as firmparenting, and is both unresponsive and demanding. Even though Authoritativemight have a small similarity there is still many differences. Therefore justlike authoritative, authoritarian have high standards but authoritarian haveblind obedience.
These parents use strict punishment and often use punishment to control their child’s behavior.These parents expect theretheir childto listen and obey and follow their rules with no hesitation.questions asked.
There is little tono communication between the parent and the child. Authoritarian parents are insensitiveto their children’s needs and are normally not nurturing toward there child. These children eventuallydevelop wanting to focus on studies and have a tendency to want to make goodgrades.
They also develop the custom of staying out of trouble. But negativeeffects of this parenting style is that the children are not socially developedas in they are never motivated and stimulated to give and develop their ownopinion. They are quiet and unconfident, and lack decision making. Accordingto research, children with authoritarian parents tend to be unhappy, seeminsecure, have lower self-esteem, are less independent, and have behavioral problems, not good academically, andhave poorer social skills. Based off evidence based research Authoritative parentingis the best way to raise kids. Which is a both responsive and demandingparenting style behavior Authoritativeparenting style includes sensitivity, reasoning, setting limits, and beingemotionally responsive.
These parents have high standards for expectations and success,but they are also heartfelt and open to their child’s emotions but at the sametime also teach them to control their emotions. These parents enforce boundariesand set rules by communicating and using reasoning. Parents who use thisparenting style teach their children to control their actions and beindependent at the same time. In addition, punishments are important in thisstyle, but they are not violent. Authoritative parents are more likely to havechildren who are creative, happy, cooperative, have high self-esteem, and whousually do well academically and socially. Based off research, Diana Baumrind in 1966 Baumrindpublished a ground-breaking article on parenting styles realized that a groupof preschoolers had three different types of behaviors, each type of behaviorwas connected to a specific kind of parenting. In her study shefollowed over 100 middle class children in pre-school. She then extended tomiddle aged, teenage, and adolescence kids.
Baumrind’s primary research methodswere through observations and interviews. Baumrind researched was basedoff school academic success, how they control emotions, moral development, relationshipswith peers, social skills, substance abuse, and teenage sexuality. Thegoal of Diana Baumrind’s parenting style research was to put together andevaluate the effect of most typical parenting styles. In 1967, Diana Baumrindidentified the three parenting styles: authoritarian parenting, authoritative parentingand permissive parenting. Then In 1983 Eleanor Maccoby and John Martinprojected a fourth style, which was disengaged (neglect) parenting. Theparenting styles where categorized into two different groups of parenting stylebehavior: demandingness and responsiveness.
Theway a parent parents a child has a dramatic effect on a child’s development. Infact, research has revealed that parenting styles can impact a child’scognitive, psychological, and social growth, that affects children in thechildhood years, teenage years and adolescence. The reason is thatchildren develop through a number of stimuli, communication, and conversation,which surround them. Families provide a structured environment in which a childlives, while parents serve as role models and have a influence on their growthwhich can influence them either in a positive or negative way. This paperdiscusses the four parenting styles Diana Baumrind identified through extensiveobservation, interviews and analyses.