PART
I

PRELIMINARY

1.1.Background

Consumption
and production are responsible is one of 17 Sustainable Development Goals
(SDGs) are studied in this first half. Consumption is something that is used or
ingested. Consumption is associated with eating, drinking and digestion.
Consumption can also be interpreted as the purchase and use of goods that are
served from the manufacturers by the general public. Production is the process
of combining some of the material and non-material to create or produce a material;
goods or services used and exploited every day.

Consumption
and production are responsible for the first step in using natural resources
efficiently. Consumption and production are responsible also aims to avoid
existing consumptive behavior in human beings. The behavior of a person can be
said to be consumptive if such person as a consumptive to buy a product is no
longer in accordance with what he wanted but what he wants where the goods can
satisfy his pleasure, partly assumes the purchased product can increase the
prestige that they do not feel any different with the members of the group or
that they feel they have similar behavior with figures that they idolize. Needs
and wants are two different things. Needs are things that are needed
instinctively while desire is established based on environmental, social and
environmental surroundings of how someone is raised. Consumptivebehavior is
always there in man, and if they are not able to respond with cautions then
this consumptive behavior that will lead to the failure to carry out the
purposes of the SDGs to 12th.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.2.Formulation
of the problem

·        
What is theconsumptive behavior?

·        
How is the shape of consumptive behavior?

·        
What is the consumptive behavior related
to Indonesia nowadays?

·        
What are the negative and positive
impactsof consumptive behavior?

·        
What is the right solutions in response
to consumptive behavior?

·        
How to avoid consumptive behavior?

 

1.3.Aim

·        
Knowing the form of consumptive behavior
in human beings

·        
Knowing the link between consumptive
behavior with the existing situation in Indonesia

·        
Knowing the negative and positive
impacts on consumptive behavior

·        
Knowing the right solution in addressing
the consumptive behavior in human beings

·        
Knowing how to avoid consumptive
behavior

 

1.4.benefit

·        
Adding insight into consumptive behavior

·        
Add insight about the specifications and
any impacts that would occur

·        
Can be used as study materials and
increase the repertoire of literature

·        
Adding to the value of the course TPB
(Joint Admission Stage)

·        
As a complement to the value end of the
course TPB (Joint Admission Stage)

·        
As a source of information and reference
for anyone who reads

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER
II

CONSUMPTIVE
BEHAVIOUR

 

2.1.Human
consumptive behavior in the world

Consumptive
behavior is purchasing activities, utilization or use of goods or services in
excess without seeing the actual need for the purchase or use of goods or
services that are only based on personal desires.

According
to Tambunan (2003) definition of consumptive behavior is, the word “consumptive”
is often synonymous with “consumptiveism”. Though this latter word
refers to everything related to the consumptive. While the consumptive more
specifically explain the desire to consume goods that are actually less necessary
excessively to achieve maximum satisfaction

According
Moningka (2006) own type of consumptive behavior is divided into three,
namely: 

·        
Addictive consumption, the consumption
of goods or services because they were hooked.

·        
Compulsive consumption, namely shopping
continuously regardless of what actually want to buy.

·        
Impulse buying or impulsive buying. On
impulse buying, products and services have the power to an individual. The
purchase of products or services is usually done without planning.

The
following indicators of consumptive behavior, according to one expert
(Sumartono {1998}):

1.      Buy
a product because of the prize.

2.      Buy
the product because the packaging attractive.

3.      Buying
products in order to maintain personal appearance and prestige.

4.      Buying
products on price considerations (not on benefits and usefulness).

5.      Buy
products simply maintain a status symbol.

6.      Wearing
a product because of the element of conformity to a model that advertises
products.

7.      The
emergence of judgment that buys products at high prices will lead to higher
confidence.

The
following data on consumptive behavior in the world

State’s highest mobile phone users
in the world

1.      China

2.      India

3.      United
States (US)

4.      Brazil

5.      Indonesia

6.      Russia

 

Countries with the highest spending
levels in the world

1.      Indonesia

2.      India

3.      Philippines

4.      China

5.      Brazil
and the United Arab Emirates

6.      Thailand

7.      Denmark

8.      Peru

9.      Saudi
Arabia

10.  New
Zealand and Canada

Countries with the highest levels
of power consumption in the world

1.      Iceland

Total
consumption: 53 896 KWh per capita

2.      Norway

Total
consumption: 23 001 KWh per capita

3.      Bahrain

Total
consumption: 19 224 KWh per capita

4.      Qatar

Total
consumption: 16 736 KWh per capita

5.      Canada

Total
consumption: 15 544 KWh per capita

6.      Kuwait

Total
consumption: 15 333 KWh per capita

7.      Finland

Total
consumption: 15 246 KwH per capita.

8.      Luxembourg

Total
consumption: 13 873 kWh per capita.

 

Countries with the highest levels
of meat consumption in the world

1.      Australia

Total
meat consumption per person: 90.2 kg / year

2.      United
States of America

Total
meat consumption per person: 90.04 kg / year

3.      Argentina

Total
meat consumption per person: 86.5 kg / year

4.      Israel

Total
meat consumption per person: 86.04 kg / year

5.      Brazil

Total
meat consumption per person: 78.04 kg / year

6.      uruguay

Total
meat consumption per person: 75.7 kg / year

 

2.2.Human
consumptive behavior and relation to each sila on Pancasila

According
to the precepts of Pancasila-1 which reads “Almighty God”, I take the
opinion according to which I profess religion, namely Islam. In buying
something we should not do it excessively and spending money because God hates
his people who like to do anything in excess according to the word which reads,

“…
And do not squander (your wealth) in wantonness. Lo-water wasters are brothers
the devil, and the devil was ingrate to his Lord. “(Al-Isra ’17: 26-27)

According
Pancasila sila-2, which reads “Humanitarian Fair and Civilized” consumptive
behavior means to buy goods in excess or “clearing stock” that is in
place to buy the product or service when we do not really need it and when
there are other people who want to buy or use the product or service it turns
out they did not get it because it has been “spent” by the consumptive
before consumption and in this case, the buyer or the service user is not get justice
because he is more in need of such products than consumptives who do not need
but buy.

According
to the precepts of Pancasila-3 which reads “Unity of Indonesia”, then
the consumptive behavior do not correspond to the points contained in the
precepts-3 that differences will not hinder unity. Someone had the consumptive
nature of one of them because that person wants to look the same as a class or
a figure they admire by following the lifestyle of a group or the figure that
is said to be equal or similar to the person. Someone who has the consumptive
nature does not want to look different from the figure had idolized. In fact,
the difference is not there to be formed to be a problem and living standards
but rather is directed to a process that is supposed to be mutually beneficial,
namely the unity of life together to achieve a common goal.

According
toPancasila precepts-4, which reads “Democracy Led by Wisdom in
Consultative / Representative”, still in the case of the precepts 3rd, consumptive
behavior we are indirectly destroying the earth is not in accordance with the
meaning of the principle of this 4th namely the interests of the State and
society. Consumptive actions that only satisfy ourselves but destroying the
earth cannot be said as a country let alone the interests of society.
Therefore, the consumptive behavior should be controlled as much as possible by
ourselves.

According
to the precepts of Pancasila-5, which reads “Social justice for the whole
of the people of Indonesia”, the goods or services we do not need it is
not necessary because the bias so we buy the goods more useful to others than
we were buying but did not need it. So Tiu, kedailan can be started from us
stop buying goods in excess and only buy the items needed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER
III

SOLUTION
AND COMPLETION

 

3.1.Solutions
to consumptive behavior in themselves

1. Realistic Thinking

If we purchase goods or
services based on our own desires without need, it is included in consumptive
behavior. Buy based solely on the desire regardless of its usefulness or viewed
from the side of us that need it just going to spend money. If you want to buy
a product or service, you should think first whether the item is a desire of
our needs or just sheer lust

 

2. FIRST priority than Desire

If there are no offers
new items, discounts and so on, do not are too quick to take action to buy it.
Pay particular attention to “spend” money on things that are more
important than the product.

For example, there are devices which
offer the latest release, but we still have another installment unpaid and
devices that we have still in good condition. So it is not Peru
we buy these devices.

 

3. Change the Mindset

Change our mindset to the goods or
services to make it as a matter that can only enhance the prestige alone.
Because in the end, the social status that we will get is a reflection of the
behavior and our thinking, instead of what we got.

 

4. Think Clear Before Deciding

Let’s not be too hasty in deciding to
purchase an item. Think what good usability is in accordance with our needs at
this time or not.

 

 

CHAPTER
IV

COVER

 

4.1.Conclusion

Consumptive behavior is always in man.
We as human beings who have the intellect and the mind must be master of our
consumptive behavior. Because everything we do must generate both positive and
negative impacts in the future. If we can keep the consumptive behavior in
ourselves, then we deserve to be called as people who are responsible for the
sustainability of consumption and production in the future.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

http://www.landasanteori.com/2015/09/pengertian-perilaku-konsumtif-definisi.html

 

Tambunan,
R. (2001). Teenagers and Consumptive Behavior. Online
(http://www.duniaesai.com/psikologi/psi3.htm)

 

Moningka,
C. (2006). Consumptive: between prestige and Supplies. Online
(http://www.suarapembaruan.com/News/2006/12/13/urban/urb02.htm)

 

https://finance.detik.com/berita-ekonomi-bisnis/3364659/4-tips-menghilangkan-perilaku-konsumtif

 

https://www.kaskus.co.id/thread/52147a2848ba54670d000000/6-negara-konsumen-ponsel-tertinggi-di-dunia-indonesia-urutan-berapa/

 

http://bisnis.liputan6.com/read/813277/penduduk-indonesia-paling-doyan-belanja-di-dunia

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