According to Merriam-Webster??™s dictionary, intelligence is described as the ability to apply knowledge to manipulate ones environment or to think abstractly as measured by objective criteria. Many psychologists have their own view on what intelligence really is and the debate over its true definition is very controversial. Most agree, however, that intelligence measures our ability to adapt to challenges. Intelligence varies for every person.
My particular score for this test was 121, which on this test is considered to be above average. It has been proven that intelligence tests can accurately predict performance on the job, dropping out of high school, and even chances of divorcing. These tests are not always completely accurate though. Many times these tests can be culturally biased and provide inaccurate results. Some psychologists believe intelligence is influenced by genetics, others believe it is environment which influences intelligence. I personally believe a combination of environment, genetics, and health determines a person??™s in intelligence. Environment is another major factor that is hypothesized to influence intelligence.
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This is called stereotype vulnerability. People will believe they can only achieve so much, and only achieve that much. Home environment and styles of parenting can also influence intelligence. People will perform differently depending on how much they are encouraged at home and depending on the type of relationship they have with their family. A very controversial topic among psychologists dealing with intelligence today is the nature versus nurture theory. In the Confucian societies of East Asia individual differences in endowment are assumed to be modest, and differences in achievement are thought to be due largely to effort. In the West, however, many students of the subject believe that intelligence is inborn and one can do little to alter their intelligence. It seems very extreme to believe one theory completely, especially since no conclusive evidence has been found to support either theory.
Personally, I believe that genetics account for a portion of intelligence. The studies between heredity and IQ scores suggest a strong relationship. So many traits are passed on through genes; I believe intelligence must also be one of them.
But, I do not think that heredity is the sole determiner of intelligence. I have no doubt that environment plays a key role in determining intelligence. Depending on the way a person is raised, their attitude, and the opportunities given to them, their intelligence can be stimulated and changed.
Health also plays a role in determining Intelligence, a person who is sick, mentally or physically, cannot accurately show their intelligence. Personality is defined in Webster??™s as, the pattern of collective character, behavioral, temperamental, emotional, and mental traits of a person. Within all of these tests each test had a particular design to help those wanting to make a career-related assessment with their personality.
I wanted to be able to relate to the topic, and personality tests greatly interest me. I feel as if they can predict a lot about a person and how they normally interact with others, and how a person deals with things on a daily basis. In the three personality tests that I took I found two of them to be very useful and accurate, but the other not so useful. The first test in which I took was the called the Gordon Personal Profile-Inventory. Creating eight factors that deal with personality set up this test. The eight factors that consisted in this test were Ascendancy, Responsibility, Emotional Stability, Socialibility, Cautiousness, Original Thinking, Personal Relations, and Vigor. A ninth was added by the sums of the four scales and that was Self-Esteem. Each section measured the person??™s personality by giving the test taker an option of two high preferences responses and two low preferences responses.
Although this test seemed to be very reliable it did not seem to be as valid. Since the test was created such a long time ago, not much had been revised but the manual. Although it did measure a person??™s personality, there seem to be better indictors then this test itself.
The best personality test that I took was the Hogan Personality Inventory. This test was set up to measure normal personality for career related or individual assessment of a person. It was administered to college students and adults. Although this test catered more to the social outcomes of people, rather than psychopathology of humans I found it to be a good and accurate test. The test scoring was also very ???user friendly???.
It was set up so that it could sift out careless or random responses. Both the reliability and validity of this test was also high. Another positive point about this test was that the norms were fairly represented. It also had an easily readable manual for the test administers to work with. It strongly correlated the results on the test to those needed for specific jobs or tasks. Although the Hogan Personality Inventory test seemed to be a good personality test it did have a downfall. Its main focus was on the positive aspects of personality, so therefore would not be a good indicator of a mental patient.
It does measure a normal person??™s ability in the real world, but psychologist may not want to use this test. Since the test is not that reliable in a mental standpoint it may not be the best test to administer when trying to discover a mental patients personality. Some changes that may be a good to this test would to make it more open to test more than just the normal population. A way of going about this may be to add more questions to the test that cater to more mental patients along with the general population.
Another change that may be positive to this test would be to have the author or creator of the test better explain how the test was developed, so when looking back upon the test one can find out the origin of the test itself and what led to its creation.Throughout my research of personality, I found out that personality could range from more than just how one feels daily. Personality is what makes each person unique and these test measured each ones personality. Personality is a broad topic to try and measure, and the test derived to measure it have taken a long time to create.
Without these test psychologist today may not know how to figure out a patients problems in their life at a specific time. It is argued that personality changes over time, and I would have to disagree with that. Although we do grow up out personality stays the same, as it was the day we were born. Personality is what makes us ???us??? and without it or the test that measure it the population would not be the same.