Priorstudies suggest a greater risk for some mental disorders among those withhigher verbal IQ specifically and for those who lean toward creative fieldssuch as art, poetry, music, and theater versus those who are gifted inquantitative reasoning.
Therefore, any study that focuseson particular aspect intelligence, for example, only those gifted inquantitative reasoning, may miss a subclass of those with high intelligence inother domains who may be at risk.Itmay also benefit to analyze gender differences in intelligence and mentalhealth. There is some evidence that the relationshipbetween intelligence in youth and mental health outcomes in adulthood might bedifferent for men and women (Hatch et al.
, 2007). Therefore furtherresearch is required to identify the highly intelligent population as a ‘at risk’ group. Findingsof research in the field of intelligence and mental health can further be applied to future genetic studies, creativity and mental disorders research. It can also beused to devise better diagnoses and treatment.Personal Insight Mentalhealth is frequently viewed as the absence of mental illness.However feelings of happiness, satisfaction with life, self-realization andpositive societal functioning must be considered in evaluating a person’smental health. It is an often neglected fact that mental health includes socialwell-being as well. Therefore further exploration of social and culturalvariables as well as socio-economic status in determining a relationshipbetween intelligence and mental health is crucial.
Another facet of thetopic involves a need to cultivatesensitivity and awareness towards mental health as well as the needs ofchildren on both ends of the intelligence spectrum. Mentally challengedstudents require special attention to cope with daily living and facilitatebetter mental health. Research has shown that gifted children ‘pushed’ toachieve more at younger ages as compared to their peers often grow up to bedisappointed, somewhat unhappy adults (Freeman, 2001). There are variousaspects of the debate on the relationship between intelligence and mentalhealth that remain underrepresented in the academia. New concepts are changingthe manner in which intelligence is viewed.
The concept of emotionalintelligence deals with the accurate awareness of and ability to manage one’semotions. Recent studies have found thatindividuals with higher emotional intelligence tend to have better socialrelationships, better academic achievement and greater psychological well-being(Mayer, Roberts, et al., 2008). Its relation to traditional intelligence isalso being explored.
EI is also related to mood repair and trait intelligencethat could play a role in mental health.There is a lot ofliterature to support extremely low levels of intelligence and its relation tomental health and stability, but conflicting evidence on those with high intelligence.Comprehensive research, that takes the previously mentioned points intoconsideration, should be done in order to establish a definite link betweenintelligence and mental health.