television shows based on surgical transformations, such as “The Swan” and “Extreme
Makeover”, were not the first public spectacles to offer women the ability to
compete for the chance to be beautiful. But what is the exact meaning of the
phrase “cosmetic surgery”? The variety of the
answers are  all influenced by the ways
you ask. It can be seen clearly that different experts or surgeons have their
own definition which make it hard to find the conclusive answer. However, cosmetic surgery is defined as
one of typical sectors in orthopedic surgery whose goal is to enhance physical
appearances, nonetheless, caution should be required when appoarching (Nordqvist, 2017). Visual improvement has become a trendy
concept for about 10 years, consequently, cosmetic surgery has been grown
sharply, for instance, top five countries whose number of people opting for
cosmetic procedures comprise in 41.4% of whole utilization (Global Aesthetic
Survey, ISAPS, 2017).  There are many types in cosmetic procedures: Breast
surgery, Liposuction, Vulvovaginal surgery, Facial cosmetic surgery, Hair
transplantation, Peels, fillers, grafts, and laser treatment, fat injections
and so on. All kinds have own typical uses, functions and cautions. After one
operation, patient always have to face to the risk of caseation or distortion.
More demands more threats, but people do not take precaution which make
cosmetic surgery a booming phenomenon with full of menance.

Causes of the phenomenon

Many states
raise the consideration whether have surgery or not such as muffin tops, fat
thighs, too big breast or not big enough, hairy arms. Furthermore, there is a
new one appeared that adolescent girls seriously concern about and want to
tinker with: the vulva (Rabin,2013). But the unattractive outlook is not the core
answers for the question above, it is the social media. As you know, social
media appeared long times ago and made a dramatic transformation in human
community. That it has become integral issue in life which provide both
benefits and drawbacks as well. I will discuss about negative effects relating
to the causes of the boom in cosmetic operation in this research. People always
have dissatisfaction of their outlook, however, social media push this biotry
to a high level. People always seek for perfection and when they receive one’s
critics on mass media where self photos can get both possitive and
negative (Hughes, 2017), they will feel inferiority
complex. Thus, the self biases lead them to a better transformation to boost
seft-esteem and seft image.If they have a successful operation, their
confidence will improve, then it seem like a worthy undertaking.


are apps called  “Plastic Surgery
Princess”, “Pimp My Face” or “Little Skin Doctor”
that  could have strong impact to
mental  problems in teenagers, especially
(Hughes, 2017). They may find themselves ugly or not
well-proportioned then beauty apps come to them as a perfection tools. Sooner
or later, the awareness of vitual beauty will approach and teens may find
another alternatives which is permanent. Cosmetic surgery is one recommended.
In detail, in 2015, about 226,000 cosmetic procedures were carried out in the age  13 and
19, consisting of 65,000 opperations for example nose reshaping, breast
augmentation, breast lifts, tummy tucks and liposuction (Zuckerman, 2016). Not
only apps, TV reality shows like “Change life” or “The Swan” also encourage the
desire to be more fascination by showing the revolution in appearnce after
being opperated which leads to admiration and appropriation to oneself. Using
the fact that  everyone wants to look
good, media awakes human’s longing for beauty and their consideration finding
for eternal solution such as cosmetic surgery. Many states raise consideration
whether have surgery or not such as muffin tops, fat thighs, too big breast or
not big enough, hairy arms. Furthermore, there is a new one appeared that adolescent
girls seriously concern about and want to tinker with: the vulva (Rabin,2013).


 Under the circumstance, desire of beauty in
people mind’s powerfully affected by mass media.  Likewise, the public figures’s high standard
life-style, especially with their charm and fabulous appearance which is brought
about by the social networks raises the demand for surgery substantially .
Moreover, idolisation, a serious problem among teens, result in the huge number
of fans who wants to have resemblance to their idols. Walsh (2013) stated that the non-surgical treatments are available and
has contributed to normalise cosmetic procedures, promoted by celebrity culture
which widely pervades on media. Statistic show that about 80 percent of
the cosmetic surgery surveyed indicated that celebrities were a major impact to
their patients’s decision, 64% have cosmetic surgery under the age of 30
(Miller, 2016). We can say that cosmetic transformation in young age has become
the new normal up to now.


 One other reason is their patience
problem. Keeping fit by balancing diet or going to the gym takes a long time to
complete. Moreover, it seems like a temporary solution for obesity with a long
time practice and myalgia. Hence, cosmetic surgery is becoming the more
accessible and affordable treatment (Walsh, 2013)


2.3. The result of
cosmetic surgery

  This phenomenon is prevalent so statistics point out
the nummerous patients who undergo surgical treatments. More and more
people undertake cosmetic procedures, which leads to the crisis behind.
Failure, unpleasant symptoms, harmful side-effect drug and so on are
inevitable. Most women getting breast implants stand at
least one serious complication within three years, “including
infection, hematomas and seromas, capsular contracture, loss of nipple
sensation, and hypertrophic scarring” (Zuckerman, 2016). Initial signal
after operating is infection, the destruction of nerves, skin or even organs and blood system. Further loss, rarely, is shock or
tragic death. Transformations always come with pain and endurance, for example, liposuction result in  eating disorders and deformed self image.
Likewise,  tummy-tuck has
required high complication because of restricted mobility after surgery (McGilchrist, 2011). Potential
side-effects after operating consist of altered sensation, infection,
adhesions, painful penetrationand scarring. (Zuckerman, 2016).

finance is another problem taken into consider. According to Martin (2016), in
New York, a product like chemical filler or botox are now commonly practiced on
cheeks, runs around $700 to $1,200. The thought of once time surgery and
permanent success is totally wrong. You will also have to pay for drug to ease
pain, re-examination, or even repairing if something goes wrong. Futhermore, that
some surgeons were too inexperienced to be offering surgical procedures, it
means your expenditure is for the hazard. According to Walsh (2013), a shocking lack of regulation
in these process has been revealed in an independent review and it increase the
suspicion in the safety of patients. These expense and risk have led to other
option: holiday surgery as it can be more affordable. Posibility of risk
decreasing but difficulty to take care and follow. South Korea can be an option
because it is now becoming the capital of cosmetic surgery. In this country. At the age of 19, allmost korean girls get plastic surgery, if you don’t
like them, after a few years, the result is friends will look better, you will
get inferiority and disrepect from others (Marx,2015).


2.4. Advices for
who will have or have already undertaken

  People unregard the precaution and somehow
simplify the result of cosmetic surgery. However, a number of Korean plastic
surgery reality shows taken contradict approach has appeared to show the crisis
of the surgery addiction and screen the operation undoing all the previous
reconstructions (Marx, 2015). To who will decide to have cosmetic procedures,
focus on these tips if you do not want to regret. Procedures recommended being
available with doctor’s prescription (Abbott, 2016). Moreover, Dr Fortes (n.d)
stated that doing a research to find the right surgeon or surgical center by
getting your online search, looking for physician websites, or their social
media sites to get more proof like the before-after photos of their patient or
even directly interviewing your surgeons is necessary. Thirdly, you have to be
realistic about results by read other’s stories or reviews and have your own
options for improving results. Managing the money for cosmetic surgery is
essential as well by finding factors which have influences on cosmetic
procedures and insurance works. Most important thing is you have to prepare
carefully for your operation like cutting down on smoking, avoiding some
certain drugs, supplements, making transportation arrangements, setting up diet,
having emergency contacts with others and understanding potential for risks. With
people who have already have cosmetic procedures, it is important for you to
maintaining your surgery result by preventing sun damge, supplying more water
and healthy diet, managing stress and weight effectively and sleeping enough.


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