Research Method Design – Administrative leadership

Research Method Design – Administrative Leadership


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Research Method Design – Administrative Leadership

Research Survey

To prove or test the thesis that administrative leadership has changed in the period of 1960 to 1990, the research will use a survey method that will be conducted on at least 20 respondents in various ways. The main design or survey tool for testing this hypothesis is a questionnaire that allows the respondents to respond to the same questions. This will allow the collection of easy to correlate data since all the respondents will respond to the same questions. The survey will use several methods of administering the questionnaires that will include; mail surveys, where respondents are sent the questionnaire to fill through emails, Personal or face-to-face survey with an interviewer and telephone interviews (Cherry, 2013). The method used will depend on the respondent where those that can be reached through mails will receive one while those who are busy could be reached through telephone or through a scheduled face-to-face survey (Cherry, 2013).


The sampling technique will select several areas within the society who have some knowledge of administrative leadership trends. Some of these areas include administrators within various fields of making policies. Being in the administrative jobs they provide credible information concerning the change that has been witnessed within the period specified. Mostly, the human resource managers could provide more information, especially on the new trends of some of the areas that have contributed to change, such as recruitment of newer skills. The survey will also consider the older generation that has been around longer and who have been served in the time specified for this research (Research Methods, 2006). Although this may seem like excluding some groups within the community, it is important to consider the time line chosen for the study, which younger member within the community might not have knowledge. This could be any random person within the society who has been served within the period specified. The aim of the sampling will not be to select the particular respondents. Rather, it will aim at identifying the most suitable population to offer the best information for the study from which the respondents shall be randomly chosen (Shuttleworth, 2008).

Analyzing the data

After selecting the sample, carrying out the surveys is next as planned in order to collect the data, which will then come to analysis after all data is collected. In this research, the analysis will use three crucial steps, namely in their order, data preparation, descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. The first step of data preparation will involve checking and logging the data in while checking for accuracy (Research Methods, 2006). It will involve getting back information such the return of the mails and correcting coded interview data. After receiving the data, accuracy will be checked to ensure the responses are eligible, readable, and complete and whether all questions are answered. The other task within this step will be developing a database or storage structure for storing the data in an easily retrievable manner.

The second step of analysis will be the descriptive statistics that will be used for describing the basic features of the data (Research Methods, 2006). This will help in providing a simple summary of the overall data as well as about the measures. It will use simple graphical analysis and tables, which will form the basis for the quantitative analyzing of the data. The descriptive analysis will illustrate the data in details using several methods such as the distribution that describes the frequency of the scores of individual values or their range. For instance, the simple way to describe the respondents will be by area within the sample such as an administrator or an elderly person. Gender could also be sued (Research Methods 2006). This can also be done with a frequency distribution bar chart.

The final step of analyzing the data is inferential statistics that will be aimed at reaching conclusions that go beyond the data. Correlation is then made and explained in details, in order to identify the causal element of the result. This will consider the differences between the different groups and explain its relationship fully (Research Methods, 2006).

The Survey Questionnaire

Do you think administrative leadership changed in the period of 1960 to 1990 from the previous decades? If so, what changes or areas of administrative leadership do think changed most Do you think professionalism and recruitment changed significantly during this period? In the area of professionalism, is it correct to say that qualifications for administrative leadership increased to allow professionalism? If so, do you think academic qualifications were the major changes in the qualification or were they part of the added qualifications? During recruitment, do you think more measures were put in place to ensure the right candidates for the job were selected? During this period, do you think recruitment policies changed to include diverse candidates for administrative leadership such as inclusion of women? Do you think more professionals within state institutions were given more administrative leadership roles than previously? Is it true to say that during this period more women and youths were given more administrative roles because of new policies implemented then concerning labor? Do you think the administrators were more responsible to their duties that they were in the prior decades? Is it true to say that because of changes in education, professionalism as well as experiences and changed leadership styles changed the way administrative leadership implemented policies and programs? Concerning public awareness on administrative leadership, do you think it increased significantly between 1960 and 1990 than it was before? Is it true to say that during this period that public awareness on how policy issues within the community should be ran and performed increased? In particular, did the public awareness on running of finances such as management of debt, fiscal policies and financial crisis affect the duties of administrative leadership? Did public become more vigilant in putting more pressure on accountability of administrative leadership during the period? Did the administrative leadership become more responsible and effective as well after the public realized the need to pressure the leaders towards implementation of better policies? Is it true to say that with increased pressure more institutions such as courts and other constitutional bodies were enacted in order to provide better services as well to oversee effective administrative leadership? During the period, did domestic policies within the administrative duties increase to protect the public from malpractices such as racial prejudice or discrimination? Is it true to say that public involvement in policy making as well as decision making process increased during the period? Finally, do you think the public became more aware of the issue concerning administrative leadership and their rights such as demanding accountability of the political leaders?


Cherry, K. (2013). What is survey? Retrieved from

Research Methods. (2006). Sampling. Retrieved from

Shuttleworth, M. (2008). Survey Research Design. Retrieved from