Second, This fragmentation has yielded contradictory and problematic

Second, the issues of implementation of LMAP were highlighted by many critics. Land titling was first prioritized in central areas as “high capacity areas”, where transportation and the credit market were more well-functioning or in rice farming areas where land tenure was more stable and could thus provide more benefits relative to the time and expense of issuing titles (Ballard, 2010; Biddulph, 2010; Diepart, 2007b). Grimsditch et al. (2009) argue that titling conducted by LMAP was an exclusionary process that it precisely avoided directing efforts to those who were most at risk to eviction. The current land tenure regimes in Cambodia are highly fragmented between the lowland central plains and uplands (Biddulph, 2011). This fragmentation has yielded contradictory and problematic results. Furthermore, the existing state land management instruments, such as the Social Land Concessions, Communal Land Titling, are far too weak to really address the overwhelming power issues in these upland areas (Dowry, 2015).Second, the issues of implementation of LMAP were highlighted by many critics. Land titling was first prioritized in central areas as “high capacity areas”, where transportation and the credit market were more well-functioning or in rice farming areas where land tenure was more stable and could thus provide more benefits relative to the time and expense of issuing titles (Ballard, 2010; Biddulph, 2010; Diepart, 2007b). Grimsditch et al. (2009) argue that titling conducted by LMAP was an exclusionary process that it precisely avoided directing efforts to those who were most at risk to eviction. The current land tenure regimes in Cambodia are highly fragmented between the lowland central plains and uplands (Biddulph, 2011). This fragmentation has yielded contradictory and problematic results. Furthermore, the existing state land management instruments, such as the Social Land Concessions, Communal Land Titling, are far too weak to really address the overwhelming power issues in these upland areas (Dowry, 2015).