Standard 1 VocabNew England colonies including Connecticut Road Island New Hampshire in MassachusettsJamestown the first permanent English settlement in North America founded in 1607 in Virginia Puritans A member of a group of English Protestants who sought to simplify and regulate forms of worshipSalem Witch Trials a series of of hearings and prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft Quakers a member of the religious society of friends (a Christian movement) devoted to peaceful principles Salutary neglect refers to the British policy of avoiding strict enforcement of parliamentary laws meant to keep Americans colonies under control Limited Government basic principles of American government which states that the government is restricted in what it may do and each individual has rights that the government can’t take away Natural rights established by a prominent western philosopher John Locke who believed in natural rights to life, liberty, and propertyMercantilism a system in which a country attempts to gain wealth through trade with other countries Standard 2 VocabLouisiana Purchase territory in western United States purchased from France in 1803 for $15 millionWar of 1812 A war (1812-1814) between the United States and England which was trying to interfere with American trade with France. The U.S. wins it’s second war for independence.Andrew Jackson The seventh President of the United States (1829-1837), who as a general in the War of 1812 defeated the British at New Orleans (1815). As president he opposed the Bank of America, objected to the right of individual states to nullify disagreeable federal laws, and increased the presidential powers.Trail of Tears the forced removal of Cherokees and their transportation to OklahomaCotton gin a machine for cleaning the seeds from cotton fibers, invented by Eli Whitney in 1793Sectionalism a devotion to the interests of one geographic region over the interests of the country as a wholeUniversal male suffrage giving all adult men the right to vote Temperance movement campaign to limit or ban the use of alcoholic beveragesAbolitionist movement the movement concentrated on ending slavery in the United StatesWomen’s rights movement organized campaign to win property, education, and other rights for womenWilliam Lloyd Garrison wrote The Liberator Summary Basically unit 1 is about European colonist going to America and colonizing. It shows what the colonist had to go through. Each colony had to go through something different. A lot of them had fend off Indians. The first colonies were Virginia,Maryland, the Carolinas and Georgia. Bacons rebellion, bacon wanted the governor to use the tax money to fight off Indians. The Carolinas had the cash crops. Georgia was the place where they sent prisoners.women were believed to be witches in the Salem witch trials.