Stress is a pursuit of a perfect life”

Stress is the negative emotion felt when
an individual is not able to keep with the demands from his or her environment.
(Lazarus & Folkman, 1996) Stress can also defined as the process by which a
person responds when exposed to external or internal problems and challenges.
As the person undergo a process to coordinate such adaptive responses on both
cellular and systematic level, stress has direct effect corollary to the
cognitive and entire function of the body. (Essel & Owusu, 2017) In
addition, stress is the major dilemma for college students as they face
academic, personal, and social pressure. (Deckro, et al., n.d.)

 

Causes

Stepping a foot in college and obtaining
new responsibilities in life causes stress to the students. A study was
conducted to determine the cause of stress among Filipino students and the five
overall stressors were academic difficulty of subject matter, workload due to
subjects, time management because of subjects, responsibilities due to being on
one’s own and time management because of both subjects and organizations. (Dy,
Santo, Ferido & Sanchez, n.d.) The increasing class workload stresses
students in a sense that they get frustrated and were not able to focus when
they need to do things more than they could handle. Students will have
incessant their schedule with class workload to be able to attain a good grades
but because there are too much work to manage students often mess everything
up. Specifically when there are a lot of homeworks to do after having a long
tiring day from school makes students more muddled.  Also, as every student aspire to excel on
their chosen degree in such matter that high grades mean a lot to them but
failure on fulfilling it causes their motivation to when down. And once this
happens students tend to over think about the things they missed or what they
have done to have a failing grade but most of the time students were not able
to find the answers to those questions. (Essel & Owusu, 2017)

“Education is a pursuit of a perfect
life” (Dewey, n.d.) but the school teachers and parents normally use academic
attainment as a standard for evaluating student’s performance at school. The
high expectations because of this standard cause an increase on stress among
students. (Cheng, 1999) Also, the incapability to manage your time properly is
another source of stress with students. (Campbell and Svenson, 1992) It is
functional to start and finish the workload before the deadlines, students can
allocate the bigger task into smaller ones and do the small tasks on a uniform
schedule. On the contrary, students disregard this strategy and find themselves
stress about the deadlines. (Brown, 1991) The avoidance of complying on the
task that needed to be accomplished and dwelling to more pleasurable things is
very common among a lot of students. Procrastination, as they say, is the
thieve of time, is the manner of doing unimportant errand than the pressing
ones. (Essel & Owusu, 2017)

 

 

Effects

            A
research about college students has shown that the increase of stressor is
associated with anxiety and depression. The level of stress that college
students encounter has been a documented as the trigger to suicidal
idealization and hopelessness. Stress also influence the physical health of the
students, it is now widely believed that it is the source of disease, such as
headaches, sleep disturbance and common cold. (Deckro, et al., n.d.) The
excessive amount of stress that students acquire affects them academically that
prompt them to have a poor school performance. (Essel & Owusu, 2017) They
also experience physical and psychological reactions such physical impairment,
lack of energy, loss of appetite, or gastrointestinal problems. (Winkelman,
1994) Also, academic stress leads to sleep deprivation. And when a person is
lacking with sleep their brain behave as if a severe danger is present and they
result to nervous and panicking manner. Sleep deficient can also cause nausea
and heart palpitations. (Seung-Schik Yoo, et al, 2007)

            The
responses of stress can be categorized as behavioural, cognitive and
physiological depending on one’s age, financial status, social support, gender
and other related variables. (Larkin, 2005) First, behavioural responses are
classified as avoidance, substance abuse, eating disorders, irritability, aggression,
inactivity, regression behaviour o changes in sleeping pattern. (McLaughlin
& Christner, 2009)  Second, the
cognitive response tackles on how people asses the stimulus, its importance and
available coping mechanism. It inflicts pessimistic ways like worrying,
catastrophic thinking, poor concentration, selective attention, thought
blocking, rumination, hopelessness and feelings of incompetence. (Larkin, 2005)
Lastly, the physiological response to stress is defines increase in arousal or
activation as the body reacts to stress. (Campbell & Ehlert 2012) Its
effects are decrease in the immune functions, making the person susceptible to
diseases; an upset stomach, headaches, exhaustion, difficulty in breathing,
trembling, stuttering, rapid weight loss or gain. (Busari, 2012)