Stress is the negative emotion felt whenan individual is not able to keep with the demands from his or her environment.(Lazarus & Folkman, 1996) Stress can also defined as the process by which aperson responds when exposed to external or internal problems and challenges.As the person undergo a process to coordinate such adaptive responses on bothcellular and systematic level, stress has direct effect corollary to thecognitive and entire function of the body. (Essel & Owusu, 2017) Inaddition, stress is the major dilemma for college students as they faceacademic, personal, and social pressure. (Deckro, et al.
, n.d.) CausesStepping a foot in college and obtainingnew responsibilities in life causes stress to the students. A study wasconducted to determine the cause of stress among Filipino students and the fiveoverall stressors were academic difficulty of subject matter, workload due tosubjects, time management because of subjects, responsibilities due to being onone’s own and time management because of both subjects and organizations.
(Dy,Santo, Ferido & Sanchez, n.d.) The increasing class workload stressesstudents in a sense that they get frustrated and were not able to focus whenthey need to do things more than they could handle. Students will haveincessant their schedule with class workload to be able to attain a good gradesbut because there are too much work to manage students often mess everythingup. Specifically when there are a lot of homeworks to do after having a longtiring day from school makes students more muddled. Also, as every student aspire to excel ontheir chosen degree in such matter that high grades mean a lot to them butfailure on fulfilling it causes their motivation to when down.
And once thishappens students tend to over think about the things they missed or what theyhave done to have a failing grade but most of the time students were not ableto find the answers to those questions. (Essel & Owusu, 2017)”Education is a pursuit of a perfectlife” (Dewey, n.d.
) but the school teachers and parents normally use academicattainment as a standard for evaluating student’s performance at school. Thehigh expectations because of this standard cause an increase on stress amongstudents. (Cheng, 1999) Also, the incapability to manage your time properly isanother source of stress with students. (Campbell and Svenson, 1992) It isfunctional to start and finish the workload before the deadlines, students canallocate the bigger task into smaller ones and do the small tasks on a uniformschedule. On the contrary, students disregard this strategy and find themselvesstress about the deadlines.
(Brown, 1991) The avoidance of complying on thetask that needed to be accomplished and dwelling to more pleasurable things isvery common among a lot of students. Procrastination, as they say, is thethieve of time, is the manner of doing unimportant errand than the pressingones. (Essel & Owusu, 2017) Effects Aresearch about college students has shown that the increase of stressor isassociated with anxiety and depression. The level of stress that collegestudents encounter has been a documented as the trigger to suicidalidealization and hopelessness. Stress also influence the physical health of thestudents, it is now widely believed that it is the source of disease, such asheadaches, sleep disturbance and common cold. (Deckro, et al., n.d.
) Theexcessive amount of stress that students acquire affects them academically thatprompt them to have a poor school performance. (Essel & Owusu, 2017) Theyalso experience physical and psychological reactions such physical impairment,lack of energy, loss of appetite, or gastrointestinal problems. (Winkelman,1994) Also, academic stress leads to sleep deprivation. And when a person islacking with sleep their brain behave as if a severe danger is present and theyresult to nervous and panicking manner. Sleep deficient can also cause nauseaand heart palpitations.
(Seung-Schik Yoo, et al, 2007) Theresponses of stress can be categorized as behavioural, cognitive andphysiological depending on one’s age, financial status, social support, genderand other related variables. (Larkin, 2005) First, behavioural responses areclassified as avoidance, substance abuse, eating disorders, irritability, aggression,inactivity, regression behaviour o changes in sleeping pattern. (McLaughlin& Christner, 2009) Second, thecognitive response tackles on how people asses the stimulus, its importance andavailable coping mechanism. It inflicts pessimistic ways like worrying,catastrophic thinking, poor concentration, selective attention, thoughtblocking, rumination, hopelessness and feelings of incompetence. (Larkin, 2005)Lastly, the physiological response to stress is defines increase in arousal oractivation as the body reacts to stress. (Campbell & Ehlert 2012) Itseffects are decrease in the immune functions, making the person susceptible todiseases; an upset stomach, headaches, exhaustion, difficulty in breathing,trembling, stuttering, rapid weight loss or gain.