Invictus is a film based on real events, which tells
how Nelson Mandela, a man who has spent 27 years in jail due to the struggle
against apartheid in South Africa (condition of being separated) was elected as

The President Nelson Mandela maintained a leadership
despite that all South Africans with the same skin color excluded him, making
them believe that they could not occupy positions in the government or even
participate in the presidential elections. Mandela dreamed of a different, free
and democratic South Africa, in which all people could live in harmony and
equal opportunities, applying it since his first day of government, integrating
his cabinet with people of different colors. Mandela was a person who from the
beginning had clearly defined his aims and objectives having a broad vision of
the future, which allowed him to stand out as a fighter, entrepreneur and
optimist in search of reaching his goals, getting to know his qualities, which
defined his personality and his abilities to develop his great leadership.
Thanks to this, many people began to follow him and they began to see him as an
example, since he represented an example to follow setting the pattern of how
to lead to the success.

In the film it can see how Mandela maintains a high
self-esteem despite of his color, loves the life, feels happy with himself and
recognizes the good in other people, as he did with the Rugby national team.
Mandela acknowledged that the country needed to feel great, for what he
identified that the Rugby could achieve, for it, he decided to call the captain’s
team in order to motivate, encourage, inspire and let him know that he really relied
on the team, in addition he commented to him that the team should develop the
skills through effort, fitness and constant training not neglecting motivation.

Thanks to the motivation and confidence shown from the
beginning in the players, Mandela contributed to the success at the end
conquering the world championship. (Eastwood, 2009)

Processes of
successful change

The apartheid was something pretty intense which was
lived in South Africa, but at the same time, it was very useful for the history
of the country, owing to thanks to this event, Mandela could fight to change
the laws, avoiding the unleashing of a civil war between the different colorcast.

Based on this, it can be obtained valuable and
concrete lessons at the moment that a person wants to face deep changes within the
organizations where in most of cases there are groups with opposed positions.

Some of those lessons which the film could leave us
would be:

Take the time to listen and connect with the involved people,
instead of trying to impose their will or put distance by emphasizing the

Mandela realized that to be able to liberate South
Africa it was necessary to include the whites in the process, for that, while
he was in prison, he concentrated on getting to know his fellow prison and
contact each of them, coordinating several meetings with key people of the
government where their main objective was only to know each other, developing a
relationship that could sustain the political negotiations that could take
place later.

Understand, accept, recognize and consider the fears
by the both parts.

Mandela mentioned that the course to a negotiated
solution was a formula that seemed very easy: the reconciliation of the fears
of white people with black aspirations, in the communique of the party to which
Mandela belonged (CNA) quoting “The ANC is very concerned to address the
question of the concerns that whites have about the requirement of a person, a
vote, “he said. They insist on guarantees to ensure that the expression of
this demand does not lead to the domination of whites by blacks. We understand
these feelings and the ANC wants to address the problem and find a solution
that suits both whites and blacks in this country. ” (Eastwood,
Client (2009: Invictus(Film))

He just got out of prison, met with the Afrikaners
journalists (white South Africans) and made it clear that he was going to fight
so that both breeds were friends and South Africa was directed towards only one

In the final of the Rugby World Cup, where the South
African national team (Springboks) faced the national team of New Zealand,
Mandela, already been president, decided to enter the field of the game with
the Springboks shirt, at the time he did the people surrendered and were
cheered by all the people and it was at that moment that the liberation
struggle of the South African people came to an end, not only to free the
blacks from captivity but to free the whites from fear.

Little gestures can be worth more than thousands of

Mandela always took care of his guests with the
greatest respect and dedication, making them always feel comfortable and
special, details such as getting up to say hello when the other person came in,
introduce himself humbly and serving the tea personally were small details that
can go through an environment of trust and comfort for the people.

Tell personal stories is a very powerful tool to
generate trust in people and Mandela was an expert in using this useful tool,
he laughed while telling his anecdotes, an example was when he summoned the
captain of the springboks to a meeting with the purpose of forging a
relationship with him to prepare for the rugby world cup the following year
(2015) telling him an insubstantial story, a story that was useful, because it
helped create precisely the intimacy and complicity that the president wanted
to establish with the captain of the team, in that way Mandela found a way to
reach the heart of the overwhelmed rugby captain by making him feel like part
of his family.

Mandela always take care and respect the symbols of
both parties wisely using them to pass a message when necessary, for example,
when he put on the hat and then the springboks shirt, the symbolism was
hallucinating, for decades, Mandela had represented everything that the whites
feared most, for a long time the team’s shirt had been the symbol of what the
blacks hated the most, and suddenly both negative symbols had come together to
create a new one, which was constructive and good positive and the only responsible
that great fusion had been Mandela.

Appeal about what joins us

Mandela managed to unite the entire South African
nation behind the triumphant rugby team, made everyone (black and white) and feels
part of something bigger and forget their differences, in this way, the main
objective of their presidency had been fulfilled in a year, thanks to the rugby
team managed to stabilize the policy of a country for the first time since

(Unknown, 2013) (Eastwood, 2009) (Leliaert,

The Ability to Know
How Forming a Team

The film also talks about teamwork, which is an
essential issue within organizations, since it is one of the most used work
tools throughout life in general, in fact, life itself is a team effort, from
the moment we have the use of reason, we have to work as a team, within the
family, school and other daily activities.

Taking a reference to Invictus’ film, President
Mandela, realizing that society was very divided due to the racial separation
that had long prevailed in the country, he tried to unite the country through
the highest links of government, such as It could be seen in the scene where it
is observed as the first day being president, all white employees were picking
up their things because Nelson being the first president of the black breed and
due to the aforementioned racial separation thought they would be fired,
Mandela realized this and called everyone present to a meeting where he gave a
speech in which he encouraged them to work as a team to help a country that
suffered from a very large delay.

Something that must be recognized Nelson Mandela is
that he always knew how to motivate himself, since after having been almost 35
years in prison for being an activist, he left motivated to continue fighting
for the equality of all races in his country In addition to knowing how to
motivate other people such as the captain of the national rugby team, a
mediocre team, which had never excelled, Mandela after attending a game
realized that many people followed the team and could be an area of
??opportunity to fulfill your objective. Mandela summoned the captain in his
office to talk to him and in that talk, he explained all the things that had
happened inside the prison and then questioned him, about what he was doing to
be a leader and how he motivated his companions. At the end of the talk he
comments on a poem that he always read and that he had helped a lot to move
forward, the captain set this too much and from there he was much more active
with the rest of his teammates, finally winning the world cup more than for his
talent, for that motivation and teamwork.

Another scene where Mandela’s leadership to work as a
team can be observed, occurred when the head of the bodyguards were astonished
and bothered by the arrival of the new white escorts, since in the past these
escorts had tried to assassinate him and Now they had to work together with
them, to which Mandela responded that they would give themselves the benefit of
forgiving to lose their fear by telling him one of the most significant phrases
of the film “forgiveness cleanses the heart and fear (fear), use it” (Eastwood,
Client (2009: Invictus(Film)). Mandela wanted to convey to the people, whites
and blacks that he was forming a team where those who protected him, were not
only black, but white as well, which would be evident because every time he
went out on TV, or at public events, people would see that their bodyguards
were of both races, that was the best example of confidence, and of forming a
team where no one was excluded. The scene where the black and white bodyguards
end up playing together rugby is very moving, because after living so many divided
years, watching them play together, it caused a lot of emotion to Mandela, as
he realized that his seeds were really bearing fruit. (Eastwood,
2009) (Leliaert,

Management of Leadership a Critical

One of the best scenes of the film is when the new
sports committee made up of black people decide in assembly to finish with the
national rugby team the Springboks, because this was the team of the white
community, due to the black community played football and loved the rugby. At
that time Mandela appeared just after the decision and he did not tell them
that they have made a bad decision, but using a language that retained the
self-esteem of people telling them that they have made a decision without
having all the necessary information, and in a hurried way, he explained to
them the reason for the need to keep the Springboks in spite of the fact that
their people wanted everything that was white symbols to be destroyed. Mandela
at that time said “The people are wrong and I am their elected
leader … it is my duty to let them know … you wanted to elect me as their
leader, let me guide you … the day I was afraid to take my chances I would
cease to be a leader”. (Eastwood, Client (2009: Invictus(Film))

Both Mandela and Francois Pienaar had to face their
people, who in a moment saw them as if they were in favor of the other party,
but in the end, they end up imposing the power of their vision.

(Eastwood, 2009) (Leliaert, 2017)

Mandela’s Mindset (Collaborative)

Among the topics seen in class, we have seen the
different types of mindset that a manager could have depending on him/her own
personality and him/her own essence, in this case, Mandela’s personality
reflected a collaborative mindset, since for Mandela the human factor was the
most important factor. Mandela knew perfectly well that the trust in people was
essential for him goal of work, in addition, to communicating information as
well as sharing it, since the exchange of information can be a very important
factor for joint synergy. By sharing information, allowed to Mandela’s
collaborators to increase their effectiveness.

(Simoons, 2017)

During the film it was clear that to achieve a change
within the nation, it was necessary to work with that factor, it had to start
with a small team in order to expand it more and more, owing to with the
gestures of attention towards the people, he reminded them that there were
crucial values ??such as respect, equality and justice which would allow the
wellbeing not only of a few, but also of millions of inhabitants, so he tried
to spread his philosophy. The interest of each of the people who worked with
him was important for them to become trusted people.

Overcoming the reality of apartheid in which South
Africa was set, it was undoubtedly difficult, but not impossible. Perhaps,
without Mandela within the power, the period to achieve the desired new
equilibrium and democracy, would have been longer and more complicated, since
the inhabitants had been damaged and limited, peradventure, without him, the
Africans would not have sought integration but rather their expectations would
have turned in order to punish those who punished them. It is necessary that
who exercise leadership provide security.

Mandela knew that the trust towards the others, would
achieve the union and for that reason he reached that the South Africans at
least for moments, shared the same triumph and the same effort; He also seek
social, economic and political recognition internationally to attract
investment and wealth to his country, avoiding misunderstandings and
negativities at any cost, so his friendly and objective role resulted in his
country was mainly recognized.

He always maintained faith and was not an insensitive
and authoritarian leader, but he exercised leadership and motivation rather
emotional, as he knew his strengths and weaknesses, Mandela was innovative,
informed and supported the ideas of others. He empathized with the feelings of the
people and he also expressed his emotions, managing to connect very emotionally
with those around him. His optimism and enthusiasm reflect the key to the
success of society and change in the nation.

This leads us to assume internally and think that in
order to do things well and achieve good and successful goals, we have to start
with ourselves, ergo, if we put enthusiasm, dedication and optimism, the things
will be achieved in a good way. If one is negative and the person does not
dedicate himself/ herself to her/his work and her/him does it unwillingly, the
objective will not be achieved as desired and will not be successful. we always
should put ourselves in the place of the other and not judge by how they look
or appear to be the people, inasmuch as we will have a bad idea of ??how that
person, without first knowing him/her. We always must to support and help

The film emphasizes that a great leader does not
achieve change by using power, if not preaching by example, always keeping in
mind those powerful tools that are guiding and knowing how to inspire. The determination
is one of the greatest virtues or it could be better said as an action that
motivates us to achieve our goals, our dreams and our goals in life.

In the film Mandela exercised leadership in excellence,
since he used his personal characteristics as charisma, respect and humility as
well as he developed potentials throughout his life, such as learning with
which he got a new way of seeing things that he could transmit to a whole

(Leliaert, 2017) (Eastwood, 2009)


In conclusion, Invictus is a film that really conveys
a message and makes that it thinks a lot, racial discrimination has always been
a big problem and personally I think it cannot judge a person simply because of
the skin color he has.

The way in which Mandela motivates the captain of the
team and transmits his vision is impressive, since from that moment his way of
seeing life changes, he begins to look for ways to inspire and motivate the
team so that they can win, Pienaar put himself in the role of Mandela when he
was in jail and reconsidered his approach of doing the things.

Another relevant event was the way in which Mandela
unified his country thanks to something simple like the rugby, it made me think
about many things. If we all work as a team and stop being so selfish and fight
for a common goal, we would grow as people and get good and positive results.

The form Mandela focused on Rugby, it seemed to me an
extremely good strategy, since the sport always unites people. What most
impresses me was how the people are able to leave everything behind and forget
their past to have a better future. As much as there was a huge separation,
little by little it was dissolving until obtaining the support of the whole
country (both blacks and whites).

By the other hand, the topics seen in class, I think
that they could realize of all that can be achieved by working as a team and
when each one gives the best of himself/herself; and that teamwork is a
challenge, since all members should have a common interest to be able solving
problems and make decisions. In addition, to gain more power and leadership within
an organization, motivation also plays a very important role due to throw it,
the work is done in a more enjoyable way and above all the respect that has to
be given to all the staff that makes up the work team.


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