Summary Acharya, Adeli, Bairy, & Adeli, 2014, p.

Summary

            In the article “Autism: Cause
Factors, Early Diagnosis, and Therapies” Shreya Bhat, U. Rajendra Acharya, Hojjat
Adeli, G. Muralidhar Bairy, and Amir Adeli discuss the different types of
autism and several possible causes of autism. Out of all of the disabilities,
autism is among the fastest growing, and according to the CDC, 1 in 68 are born
with autism (Bhat, Acharya, Adeli, Bairy, & Adeli, 2014). Autism cannot be
cured. However, there are many things that can be done to help those who have
autism. Bhat, Acharya, Adeli, Bairy, and Adeli (2014) discussed the three main
types of autism as autistic disorder (or classic autism), Asperger’s syndrome,
and pervasive developmental disorder.

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            There
have been many different studies and lots of research done to try to figure out
the causes of autism. The authors also gave five possible causes of autism in
the article: “genetic/chromosomal variations, over-connectivity between neural
assemblies, under-connectivity of functional brain regions, environmental factors,
and impairment in white matter connectivity and gray matter diffusivity” (Bhat,
Acharya, Adeli, Bairy, & Adeli, 2014, p. 4). Because not every case of
autism is diagnosed at the same time or age, it can be difficult to know all of
the causes of autism.

Analysis
of Author’s Key Points

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is
defined as “a complex neurobiological disorder characterized by neurobiological
and behavioral deficits” (Bhat, Acharya, Adeli, Bairy, & Adeli, 2014, p.

1). CHD8 or “chromodomain helicase DNA binding protein 8” is a mutated gene
that has been found to be associated with autism (Bhat, Acharya, Adeli, Bairy, &
Adeli, 2014, p. 4).

GABA

In
individuals who have ASD, the neural connectivity is increased, causing various
musical abilities to be retained. These variations are classified as symptoms
of autism. Virtual reality is used to help with early diagnoses of autism through
helping to monitor eye gazes of individuals.

Personal
Reflection

            One can see that, through this study
that there is constant research being done for people to learn more about