Sydneyopera house also used prefabricated technique .The roof sails were based on thegeometry of the sphere and Utzon used this to demonstrate the creativepotential and the assembly of prefabricated, repeated components.
Burj khalifa used prefabricated techniques. Most of thereinforcing bars for the core walls. and the nose columns are prefabricated at the ground level.McDonald’s has set a world record of constructing a prefab buildingand opening it for business within 13 hours. Because of being cheaper the prefab houses are becoming popularin Europe, Canada and United States. The 2007 finance crisis has however deflated thecost of housing in North America and Europe, so not all prefab homes should beassumed to be cheaper than existing housing.In Australia the prefab sector is optimized for exportingits product, as domestic consumption is limited.
There are few prefab homebuilders in Australia. Prefab housing construction sector is very smallas the overall rate of housing construction has been very low due to slowpopulation growth. Bali exported 98,417 prefabricated houses in 2010 but in 2011the country only exported 5,007 units due to the global economic slowdown thataffected a number of export destinations. These prefab houses are well known for their specialartistic design and practical value.The word ‘prefab’ is often associated with a specifictype of prefabricated house built afterthe Second World War in the United Kingdom such as Airey houses, as a temporaryreplacement for housing that had been destroyed by bombs, especially in London.In North America, local governments generally have HUDregulations (specialized regulations ) besides general building codes,applicable to pre-manufactured housing.Between 1902 and 1910 several companies in the UnitedStates began offering mail-order kit homes.
More than 156,000 prefabricatedhomes were built in the United Kingdom between1945 and 1948.Sell-Fertighaus GmbH built over 5,000 prefabricated houses inGermany until 1948 after the World War II, for the occupying force of theUnited States.Akbar in 16 th century invented the first prefabricated house.
These structures were reported by ArifQandahari in 1579. The first mention of a prefabricated building was in 1160 to1170 by Wace* as confirmed by Pierre Bouet an historian who published the book”Hastings” (publisher Tallandier, 2014). He spoke of a castletransported in ‘kit’ form in an article in the French magazine Historia’sspecial May/June 2015 edition featuring the Vikings (Normans, who invaded England in 1066, descended from Vikings).