Terrorism is a method, which can be
used by any person or group and for any kind of motive. As a form of violence, terrorism reveals
little about the people who employ it, nor does the tactic itself explain why
it is being used. Simultaneously, ISIS and al-Qaeda downplay an
omnipresent threat to global security. This is the main reason why my thesis assimilates the global
jihadist spectrum which is also far more diverse today than it was on 9/11 with
the twin tower attack led by Al Qaeda the Islamic militant group founded in the
1980s by Osama Bin Laden, as we know extremist groups develop, incorporate and
proliferate due to the fact that the uprising danger is not only from this duo
because global jihad is unexpected. Local extremist groups are stemming ever
more complex variations of jihadism across the Middle East as they are
completely open to a new landscape having already they raw material from past
extremist groups. Some assimilate the global jihadist rhetoric of al-Qaeda or
ISIS which are completely diverse, while others are more nationalist. Some of
these groups—such as Jabhat Fateh al-Sham (JFS) and Ahrar al-Sham—are
“country-first” jihadists, albeit with different levels of commitment to
nationalist politics. Islamist State of Iraq and Syria’s (ISIS) which
prioritize the complete destabilize and overthrow of regimes to control
territory as quickly as possible. Its strategy is dynamic and strategically
clever even though its warfare has been irregular since 2009, creating a new
standard for non state actors and asymmetric warfare since sweeping across
Syria and Iraq in the early 2014. None the less its initial strategy, as a
long-term territorial project, may not be sustainable.1Even
if ISIS should fail this time around, a hardened core will attempt a comeback
due to the fact that the financial resources and has reach almost in every
corner of the world, Al-Qaeda may look on the same road, however it vastly
differentiates as it relies increasingly on local allies and affiliates; It
already exists in a form different from 2001. Al-Qaeda has invested heavily in
co-opting local Islamist movements and embedding within popular uprisings
therefore as a result, al-Qaeda has the potential to be a greater jihadist
threat than ISIS. None the less al-Qaeda and ISIS rely and respect popular
support in different spectrums which reflect a basic difference between them.
ISIS coerces local populations while advertising to a global audience. It has
created local governance. It has also targeted potential recruits around the
world, with propaganda in dozens of languages weighing in on issues unique to
Muslim communities in France, Russia, and elsewhere .  ISIS moreover, has a zero-sum message which
is a straight forward message , you are either with ISIS and become a member of
the caliphate or you are regarded as an infidel.

1 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salafi_jihadism


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