The play Macbeth written by William Shakespeare is based on Scotland medieval times.Throughout the play there are many emotions and conflict that arise, but the most important of all is ambition. Shakespeare uses literary elements such as plot, an antagonist and conflict to convey his theme of ambition in Macbeth.   Shakespeare uses plot by setting events is a certain order to lead to a climax. Shakespeare draws the reader into two specific character’s lives Lady Macbeth and Macbeth to give readers a better understanding of the action they partake in. For example from Act 1:     “My thought, whose murder yet is but fantastical, Shakes so my single state of man that function is smother’d in surmise, and nothing is but what is not”. After this prediction from the sisters telling Macbeth he will be king his thoughts turn to “murder”,which the sisters said nothing about. This could be the prophecy from the witches awakening within Macbeth a murderous mindset that was there all along. This single event set off multiple events to come later on throughout the play. Act 3: “For mine own good all causes shall give way. I am in blood stepp’d in so far that, should I wade no more, returning were as tedious as go o’er”.  Macbeth put forward that once a man engages in murder for his own good it’s inevitable to stop. From earlier in Act 1 this brought forward a series of event Macbeth commits that continues. Plot is not the only literary element Shakespeare uses.     An Antagonist is used to carry over Shakespeare theme of ambition. This antagonist is Lady Macbeth. Lady Macbeth is the motive behind Macbeth evil deeds she persuades Macbeth for her own good and wealth. For example: Act 1:” Glamis  thou art and cawdor, and shalt be what thou art promised. Yet do I fear thy nature:It is too full o’th’ milk of human kindness to catch the nearest way. Thou wouldst be great, Art not without ambition, but without the illness should attend it”. Here is a prime count to ambition, after reading the letter from her Macbeth her mind instantly turns to murder. We as readers know Macbeth has the ambition but doesn’t present the nerve to carry murder. Lady Macbeth has to be man enough for the both of them. Lady Macbeth is against  other characters throughout the play especially Banquo. Act 3: “Thou play’dst most foully for’t : yet it was said it should not stand in thy posterity but that myself should be root and father of many kings,.if there came truth from them– why, by …..And set me up in hope? But , hush, no more.” Through this quote Banquo starts to wish his son as king and now he is a factor against Macbeth. With Many literary elements seen in the play others stood out.       Conflict within the play shows the ambition of each character. It gives an insight as to why each character behaves in such matter. Conflict between Banquo and Macbeth because Macbeth is afraid Banquo’s descendants will become kings of Scotland, despite the throne having been “promised” to Macbeth by the witches. This gives Macbeth the motive to kill Banquo because his throne is at stake. Also Conflict between Macbeth and his wife, who doesn’t think he has the strength to get the job done. She wants him to murder so her wealth and wellbeing won’t be at stake to someone else.     With all literary elements dissected  deciding whether or not ambition is the main theme of Macbeth, one must consider all the factors that plays a part the Shakespearean play. The slow decline of the protagonist , the role interpreted by characters and the order in which the plot was planned out, dramatically influences the flow in which the development of the play takes place. After reading the Macbeth by Shakespeare and watching the film, directed by Roman Polanski, it is reasoned that ambition is central to the remarkable development of Macbeth.                       


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