Thereason for the deteriorating the diplomatic and consular relations between theUnited States of America and Iran began in 1953 CIA Coup which was a couporganized by the Central Intelligence Agency and aided by the MI6 deposed thedemocratic elected Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh and replaced by Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.In 1957, the US paved the way for Tehran to build the nuclear program throughsigning a civil nuclear cooperation deal with the Shah of Iran. (Ishaan.T,2015) However, in 1973 Oil Crisis shake the firm relations between Shah of Iranand the US. The main concerning event beginning on 4 November 1979 in the USEmbassy in Tehran. The revolutionary students organized by the Imam’s Line who angeredthe deposed Shah and then started to occupy the American embassy in Tehran andtook American diplomats hostage.
52 American diplomats are taken hostage andlead to a dramatic 444 days long. During the two hours of attack on the USembassy, although the US embassy tried to call for help to the Iranian ForeignMinistry, or Prime Minister’s Office, the Government of Iran made no respond tothe calling of embassy, and rescue the hostage or persuade the demonstratorsand invaders to stop their action. Furthermore, since the early stage of revolution, the Iran’s governmenthas given direct support and encouragement to the demonstrate group holding theembassy.
On 18 and 20 November, 13 hostages were released while others peoplewere still taken as hostage by those demonstrators in order to fulfill theirconditions and unacceptable demands. Regarding that revolution, on 29 November1979, the US submitted an application to the international court to prosecuteIran about that event. (The New York Times, 1979) The diplomatic and consularrelations between the two countries were cut in 1980. Therefore, this paperwill explore over the arguments of both parties as well as the court decisionmaking over the case.