The two types of mouthwash people can buy are, cosmetic and therapeutic. People can buy therapeutic mouthwashes in the store or also by prescription from a doctor. Meanwhile, cosmetic mouthwash relieves bad breath for a short period of time and in place of it, will be a refreshing taste but it does not have any active ingredients while therapeutic does. Ingredients in a therapeutic mouthwash may include: cetylpyridinium chloride, fluoride and peroxide. Mouthwash is also helpful because it can access places in the mouth where a toothbrush cannot. One of the most common uses of therapeutic mouthwash is to treat halitosis. It is also caused from the buildup by food debris within the mouth that was not removed due to lack of dental hygiene. People with halitosis have cavities or gum disease. However, people that do not have halitosis, also have buildups of bacteria in the mouth, such as Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Helicobacter pylori, Streptococcus mutans, and Porphyromonas gingivalis. Studies have been performed regarding the efficacy of different types of mouthwash and have shown to provide effective control of bacterial growth as well as decreased pain following dental procedures due to the inhibition of the body’s natural inflammatory response to bacteria in the mouth.
Another popular type of mouthwash is organic mouthwash, as it only contains natural ingredients and the human mouth contains beneficial bacteria and the organic mouthwash only removes the bad bacteria because it does not contain alcohol and chlorine dioxide which are ingredients in ‘name brand’ mouthwash. Xylitol, oils, and plant-based extracts are all ingredients in a typical organic mouthwash. While Listerine is the most popular ‘name brand’ mouthwash, and it contains alcohol which its role is to reduce hydrogen bonds in protein structures, which causes denaturation.