The Death Penalty: Justice, Safety, and Deterrence Have you ever wondered why the United States has the death penalty The United States uses the death penalty as capital punishment, so criminals can realize that doing such horrible crimes will lead to punishment, sooner or later.
So therefore, the death penalty is a reasonable punishment system for those who committed a horrible crime because it provides justice, public safety, and deterrence. First of all, the death penalty provides justice to the victim??™s close friends and family because the criminal is killed. The death penalty punishes those who murdered.
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The victim can rest in peace knowing that the murder is punished by the death penalty. Although oppositionists would argue that once the criminal is executed, the victim still wouldn??™t come back, it gives the victim??™s family a closure on that matter. They can see that the criminal got what he deserved for killing their beloved. By giving justice to the victim, the death penalty can also provide respect to human life. Edward Koch once said, ???It is by extracting the highest penalty for the taking of human life that we affirm the highest value of human life.??? To respect human life, we have to execute those who had taken a life before them.
Just like the old say, ???an eye for an eye???, they have to pay for what they had done. Thus, the death penalty provides justice and respect to the families of victims. In addition, the death penalty provides public safety. Once a criminal is executed, there is no way that the criminal will be let out to do even more crimes.
In an article from The Boston Globe, Execution Saves Innocents, Jacoby says, ???But there is more to executions than justice for the dead. There is also protection for the living???. [i] The citizens would not appreciate killers and criminals being out in the open. We would have a higher risk of danger if criminals were not executed. There are many cases where criminals, who were sentenced to life in prison, escaped from prison and ended up killing more people. In 1960, there was a case with Norman A.
Porter Jr., where he shot a store clerk and during his trial period, he had escaped and killed the jail guard. He then changed his name to J. J. Jameson, and moved to another city and became a poet.
Although after his wrongdoings, he set out to have a better life but the past can be haunting. He was caught in 2005 and was sentenced to a 3 years in prison for escaping and recently had his parole hearing.[ii] This case shows how criminals are willing to have a better life and to do better, but they will sooner or later pay for what they did in the past. Having criminals walk out in the open will put the public in danger, no matter how much they are willing to change. That is to say, the death penalty will provide citizens with safety.
Lastly, the death penalty offers deterrence. The death penalty is a deterrent because it shows future criminals what kind of consequences they will get if they commit a crime. In charts that show deterrence from 1950 to 2002, there has been a decline in the average homicide rate.
With more executions, there has definitely been a decrease in crime rates.[iii] The death penalty is a punishment for those who commit a crime. With this penalty set, criminals know what their future will be if they commit a crime, so it gives them a second thought of what would happen.
They know that they cannot run away once the crime in committed. In an article, Death Penalty is a Deterrent, George E. Pataki, Governor of New York State, says, ???Within just one year, the death penalty helped produce a dramatic drop in violent crime???.[iv] New York had a decrease in crime rates with the death penalty so if one state could decrease their crime rates, then every start can also do the same.
With the death penalty as a severe punishment, there will be fewer crimes that can go on within every state. Therefore, the death penalty is a reasonable punishment because it provides deterrence to the states. After all, the death penalty is a rational system because it offers justice, safety, and deterrence to the citizens. The victims of the criminals can rest in peace, and their family members can overlook the horrible incident. The public will be safe from any criminals that will try to escape from prison.
Most importantly, crime rates will decrease because future criminals will know how their life will end which can cause them to rethink the situation. The death penalty is reasonable since it prevents many outcomes that can possibly happen, which can possibly harm others in the long run. The death penalty is a system that people should agree on since it is helping our society.———————–[i] The Boston Globe- September 28, 2003 Execution Saves Innocents http://www.boston.
com/news/globe/editorial_opinion/oped/articles/2003/09/28/execution_saves_innocents/[ii] Wikipedia- J. J. Jamesonhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._J._Jameson[iii] Average Homicide Rate versus Number of Executions- 1950 ??“ 2002http://www.prodeathpenalty.com/deterrence.htm[iv] Death Penalty is a Deterrenthttp://www.prodeathpenalty.com/Articles/Pataki.htm