: Saleh SaitFor: Angela FerrisIn: English 4UOn: December, 18th 2017 Julius Caesar: Through the eyes of an analyst “Julius Caesar” is a play written anddirected by William Shakespeare in the year 1599.
The play is a re-enactment ofan actual historic event; that is the death of the next crowned emperor ofRome, ‘Julius Caesar’. Caesar’s birth had marked the beginning of a new chapterin Roman history. He was a politically adept and a very popular leader of theRoman Republic who played a significant role in expanding the empiresgeographic reach and establishing its imperial system. Caesar was a courageous,ambitious, patriotic, easily manipulative and a somewhat egoistic person. Acascade of events take place in the drama that end with Caesar’s death.Nevertheless Caesar died an honorable and noble death thanks to his real friendMarc Antony. Throughout the various events taking place in the drama, readersuse psychoanalysis to criticize, judge and gain a better understanding of the events. Thedrama is set in Rome; during the crowing of the next Roman emperor, ‘JuliusCaesar’.
Shakespeare planned and scripted the act so well that each and everycharacter played a really important role. The act starts with Caesar returning hometo meet his wife Calpurnia, here he is confronted by a Soothsayer who warnsCaesar of the ’15th of March’ (Crowning), to this, Caesar takes verylightly and ignores. “He is a dreamer; let us leave him: pass” (Act I. SceneII. A Public Place). The following morning, a violent storm and earthquakewakes Caesar up, he then overhears his wife take his name in vain during hersleep. She interprets her dream as a sign from the Gods who desperately try towarn her of something terrible going to happen on that day and convinces Caesarthat the weather being bad was god’s way of stopping Caesar from leaving thehouse.
“O Caesar! These things are beyond all use, and I do fear them.” “What mean you,Caesar? Think you to walk forth? Youshall not stir out of your house to-day.” (Act II. Scene II. Caesar’s house).In-spite of all these warnings, Caesar is overly arrogant and being acourageous man, he decides to go for the crowning anyway. Brutus and Caesar were both oncesupported by the senate.
As time went on Brutus and Cassius noticed Caesarbeing too ambitious and power hungry for the crown. Both Brutus and Cassius putforward their judgment on Caesar upon the senate and successfully turned themagainst Caesar. The readers may portrait both Caesar and Brutus as heroes andmay side with one or the other. Julius Caesar was well notably a good man andalthough he was ambitious, he wasn’t ambitious for himself but for thebetterment of Rome and its people. Brutus also was a noble, just and apatriotic person who was tricked into harming Caesar for the better of Rome.Caesar was nominated as an heir to the throne four times to which he rejectedthe offer thrice.
“Ay, marry, was’t, and he put it by thrice,every timegentler than other, and at every putting-by, mine honest neighbors’ shouted.” (Act I. Scene II. A Public Place,). Caesar believedthat Rome deserved an emperor far better than himself, and he taking the thronewould not do Rome and its people justice. When nominated as the emperor afourth time, Caesar was overpowered with ambition.
The status of ‘Rome’semperor’ was too glorious for him to decline and as a result he was killed.Cassius and Brutus were also as ambitious as their prey Julius Caesar, Cassiushid his ambition to sound right and manipulate others while Brutus confused hisambition with patriotism. “Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Romemore.” (Act II. Scene II. The Forum). They did not want Caesar having power sothey assumed it was in the best interest to kill Caesar.
“As he was valiant, Ihonor him. But as he was ambitious, I slew him.”(Act II. Scene II.
The Forum).Marc Antony cannot be judged as an unambitious person either, Antony’s rolethroughout the act has been dedicated and true to taking revenge against theconspirators and bring about peace to Caesar’s unresting soul. Caesar’s rise to fame started with humble beginnings. UnfortunatelyCaesar was only human and change was inevitable. His ego grew with each victoryand achievement he accomplished on the battle fields. His ego grew so much thatit mirrored in his actions. As he grew stronger in mind and muscle, people whohad only heard about Caesar, feared him and this in return fed his ego evenmore.
“Caesar should be a beast without a heart, if he should stay at home today for fear. No, Caesar shall not. Danger knows full well that Caesar is more dangerous than he.” (Act II.
SceneII. Caesars House) Caesar was so accustomed to being egoistic that he is foundembracing his ego in normal speech as a quality rather than a character flaw. “Caesarshall forth. The things that threatened me. Ne’er looked but on my back. When they shall see the face of Caesar, they are vanished. (Act II.
SceneII. Caesars House). Caesar is also found at times silently referring to himselfas a great being that the Gods watched over and took care off, “Death, anecessary end, will come when it will come”. (Act II. Scene II.
Caesars House) Patriotism in the Drama, “JuliusCaesar” is portrayed with different meanings. Through the eyes of Brutus,patriotism means to put personal interest last. Casca’s definition ofpatriotism is doing noble and Honorable things. Antony’s understanding ofpatriotism meant having citizenship in democracy, maintaining peace and orderbetween colleagues and talking out things before jumping into conclusions andtaking sudden action. Cassius believed patriotism was represented by show ofmanliness, He believed he was the most patriotic (Or to say he was morepatriotic than Caesar) as he considered himself more manly than the others.
Caesar was no doubt patriotic, Caesar took decisions by considering the bestinterest of the people. In Caesar’s will, which was read by Antony shortlyafter his demise said that Caesar had signed off all his land and personalproperty as public space which were free to be used at any time by the Romancitizens, furthermore he even offered 75 drachmas to all the Citizens. “Here is the will, and under Caesar’s seal. Toevery Roman citizen he gives, toevery several man, seventy-five drachmas.” “Moreover, he hath left you all hiswalks, Hisprivate arbors’ and new-planted orchards, onthis side Tiber; he hath left them you, andto your heirs forever, common pleasures, towalk abroad, and recreate yourselves.” (Act II.
Scene II. The Forum) In the drama, Manipulation plays areally important role. Caesar was without doubt one of the most intelligentstrategists who served for Rome. Agreeably he was a soldier who was well awareof all things happening in Rome but sadly could not see past the ‘friendlymasks’ the conspirators wore while with him. “Et tu Brute!, Then fall Caesar”(Act III. Scene I.
Rome. Before the Capitol; the Senate sitting above). Caesar after accepting Calpurnia’s plead to him ofnot going to the crowning, Decius Brutus gives his own variation of whatCalpurnia’s dream meant and convinces Caesar to go for the crowning. “Thisdream is all amiss interpreted. Itwas a vision fair and fortunate. Your statue spouting blood in many pipes,in which so many smiling Romans bathed, Signifies that from you great Rome shall suck Reviving blood, and that great men shall press for tinctures, stains, relics, and cognizance.
This by Calpurnia’s dream is signified.” (Act II.Scene II.
Caesar’s House). Caesar was not the only one who can be blamed forbeing manipulated easily, Brutus was manipulated by Cassius; instead of askingBrutus to take sides with Cassius, he plays with words and pokes Brutus’s egoby telling him Rome needs an emperor such as Brutus, not Caesar. “That you haveno such mirrors as will turn your hiddenworthiness into your eye, that you mightsee your shadow.
I have heard Where manyof the best respect in Rome, Exceptimmortal Caesar, speaking of Brutus Andgroaning underneath this age’s yoke, Havewished that noble Brutus had his eyes.” (Act I. Scene II. A Public Place). Thesenate members (Caesar’s supporters) turned against him and shook hands withthe conspirators and motivated Caesars murder, but as soon as Antony reads outCaesar’s will they have a change of heart and turn towards Antony’s aid to takerevenge on the conspirators.
Julius Caesar is a much appreciateddrama that teaches men and women many valuable lessons. People often trust othersblindly and take actions without expecting a consequence. For example, Caesartrusts Brutus and Brutus stabs Caesar “Et tu Brute!” (Act III. Scene 1. Rome. Before the Capitol;the Senate sitting above),Brutus trusts Antony and Antony plots a revolt against Brutus and Cassius.
“Mark Antony, here, take you Caesar’s body. You shall not in your funeral speech blame us,but speak all good you can devise of Caesar,and say you do’t by our permission” (Act II. Scene I. Rome. Before theCapitol; the Senate sitting above). Cassius trusts Brutus and Brutus takeswrong decisions. “I know not what may fall; I like it not.”(Act II.
Scene 1. Rome. Before the Capitol; the Senate sitting above). Thedrama also teaches its readers to not let egoand arrogance get the better of themselves, Julius Caesar died because of hisego. Caesars ego led to him being perceived as an ambitious person, hisambition was disliked by the likes of Cassius, Brutus and their supporterswhich was the motive behind Caesar’s murder. Shakespeare also adds a secretmessage for his viewers/readers, every man, no matter how powerful or superiorhas to perish one day. No one is born immortal and no one can be made immortalby gaining even the highest of the highest social statuses. The drama is alsoironically based on karma, what goes around definitely does come around.
Works Cited 1. Hylton, Jeremy. “JuliusShakespeare- Julius Caesar play.” Julius Caesar: EntirePlay, The Tech, MIT, shakespeare.mit.edu/julius_caesar/full.html.