: Saleh Sait

For: Angela Ferris

In: English 4U

On: December, 18th 2017




Julius Caesar: Through the eyes of an analyst



                        “Julius Caesar” is a play written and
directed by William Shakespeare in the year 1599. The play is a re-enactment of
an actual historic event; that is the death of the next crowned emperor of
Rome, ‘Julius Caesar’. Caesar’s birth had marked the beginning of a new chapter
in Roman history. He was a politically adept and a very popular leader of the
Roman Republic who played a significant role in expanding the empires
geographic reach and establishing its imperial system. Caesar was a courageous,
ambitious, patriotic, easily manipulative and a somewhat egoistic person. A
cascade of events take place in the drama that end with Caesar’s death.
Nevertheless Caesar died an honorable and noble death thanks to his real friend
Marc Antony. Throughout the various events taking place in the drama, readers
use psychoanalysis to criticize, judge and gain a better understanding of the events.



drama is set in Rome; during the crowing of the next Roman emperor, ‘Julius
Caesar’. Shakespeare planned and scripted the act so well that each and every
character played a really important role. The act starts with Caesar returning home
to meet his wife Calpurnia, here he is confronted by a Soothsayer who warns
Caesar of the ’15th of March’ (Crowning), to this, Caesar takes very
lightly and ignores. “He is a dreamer; let us leave him: pass” (Act I. Scene
II. A Public Place). The following morning, a violent storm and earthquake
wakes Caesar up, he then overhears his wife take his name in vain during her
sleep. She interprets her dream as a sign from the Gods who desperately try to
warn her of something terrible going to happen on that day and convinces Caesar
that the weather being bad was god’s way of stopping Caesar from leaving the
house. “O Caesar! These things are beyond all use, and I do fear them.” “What mean you,
Caesar? Think you to walk forth? You
shall not stir out of your house to-day.” (Act II. Scene II. Caesar’s house).
In-spite of all these warnings, Caesar is overly arrogant and being a
courageous man, he decides to go for the crowning anyway.



                        Brutus and Caesar were both once
supported by the senate. As time went on Brutus and Cassius noticed Caesar
being too ambitious and power hungry for the crown. Both Brutus and Cassius put
forward their judgment on Caesar upon the senate and successfully turned them
against Caesar. The readers may portrait both Caesar and Brutus as heroes and
may side with one or the other. Julius Caesar was well notably a good man and
although he was ambitious, he wasn’t ambitious for himself but for the
betterment of Rome and its people. Brutus also was a noble, just and a
patriotic person who was tricked into harming Caesar for the better of Rome.
Caesar was nominated as an heir to the throne four times to which he rejected
the offer thrice. “Ay, marry, was’t, and he put it by thrice,
every time
gentler than other, and at every putting-by, mine honest neighbors’ shouted.” (Act I. Scene II. A Public Place,). Caesar believed
that Rome deserved an emperor far better than himself, and he taking the throne
would not do Rome and its people justice. When nominated as the emperor a
fourth time, Caesar was overpowered with ambition. The status of ‘Rome’s
emperor’ was too glorious for him to decline and as a result he was killed.
Cassius and Brutus were also as ambitious as their prey Julius Caesar, Cassius
hid his ambition to sound right and manipulate others while Brutus confused his
ambition with patriotism. “Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome
more.” (Act II. Scene II. The Forum). They did not want Caesar having power so
they assumed it was in the best interest to kill Caesar. “As he was valiant, I
honor him. But as he was ambitious, I slew him.”(Act II. Scene II. The Forum).
Marc Antony cannot be judged as an unambitious person either, Antony’s role
throughout the act has been dedicated and true to taking revenge against the
conspirators and bring about peace to Caesar’s unresting soul.



                    Caesar’s rise to fame started with humble beginnings. Unfortunately
Caesar was only human and change was inevitable. His ego grew with each victory
and achievement he accomplished on the battle fields. His ego grew so much that
it mirrored in his actions. As he grew stronger in mind and muscle, people who
had only heard about Caesar, feared him and this in return fed his ego even
more. “Caesar should be a beast without a heart, if he should stay at home today for fear. No, Caesar shall not. Danger knows full well that Caesar is more dangerous than he.” (Act II. Scene
II. Caesars House) Caesar was so accustomed to being egoistic that he is found
embracing his ego in normal speech as a quality rather than a character flaw. “Caesar
shall forth. The things that threatened me. Ne’er looked but on my back. When they shall see the face of Caesar, they are vanished. (Act II. Scene
II. Caesars House). Caesar is also found at times silently referring to himself
as a great being that the Gods watched over and took care off, “Death, a
necessary end, will come when it will come”. (Act II. Scene II. Caesars House)



                        Patriotism in the Drama, “Julius
Caesar” is portrayed with different meanings. Through the eyes of Brutus,
patriotism means to put personal interest last. Casca’s definition of
patriotism is doing noble and Honorable things. Antony’s understanding of
patriotism meant having citizenship in democracy, maintaining peace and order
between colleagues and talking out things before jumping into conclusions and
taking sudden action. Cassius believed patriotism was represented by show of
manliness, He believed he was the most patriotic (Or to say he was more
patriotic than Caesar) as he considered himself more manly than the others.
Caesar was no doubt patriotic, Caesar took decisions by considering the best
interest of the people. In Caesar’s will, which was read by Antony shortly
after his demise said that Caesar had signed off all his land and personal
property as public space which were free to be used at any time by the Roman
citizens, furthermore he even offered 75 drachmas to all the Citizens. “Here is the will, and under Caesar’s seal. To
every Roman citizen he gives, to
every several man, seventy-five drachmas.” “Moreover, he hath left you all his
walks, His
private arbors’ and new-planted orchards, on
this side Tiber; he hath left them you, and
to your heirs forever, common pleasures, to
walk abroad, and recreate yourselves.” (Act II. Scene II. The Forum)



                        In the drama, Manipulation plays a
really important role. Caesar was without doubt one of the most intelligent
strategists who served for Rome. Agreeably he was a soldier who was well aware
of all things happening in Rome but sadly could not see past the ‘friendly
masks’ the conspirators wore while with him. “Et tu Brute!, Then fall Caesar”
(Act III. Scene I. Rome. Before the Capitol; the Senate sitting above). Caesar after accepting Calpurnia’s plead to him of
not going to the crowning, Decius Brutus gives his own variation of what
Calpurnia’s dream meant and convinces Caesar to go for the crowning. “This
dream is all amiss interpreted. It
was a vision fair and fortunate. Your statue spouting blood in many pipes,
in which so many smiling Romans bathed, Signifies that from you great Rome shall suck Reviving blood, and that great men shall press for tinctures, stains, relics, and cognizance. This by Calpurnia’s dream is signified.” (Act II.
Scene II. Caesar’s House). Caesar was not the only one who can be blamed for
being manipulated easily, Brutus was manipulated by Cassius; instead of asking
Brutus to take sides with Cassius, he plays with words and pokes Brutus’s ego
by telling him Rome needs an emperor such as Brutus, not Caesar. “That you have
no such mirrors as will turn your hidden
worthiness into your eye, that you might
see your shadow. I have heard Where many
of the best respect in Rome, Except
immortal Caesar, speaking of Brutus And
groaning underneath this age’s yoke, Have
wished that noble Brutus had his eyes.” (Act I. Scene II. A Public Place). The
senate members (Caesar’s supporters) turned against him and shook hands with
the conspirators and motivated Caesars murder, but as soon as Antony reads out
Caesar’s will they have a change of heart and turn towards Antony’s aid to take
revenge on the conspirators.



                        Julius Caesar is a much appreciated
drama that teaches men and women many valuable lessons. People often trust others
blindly and take actions without expecting a consequence. For example, Caesar
trusts Brutus and Brutus stabs Caesar “Et tu Brute!” (Act III. Scene 1.  Rome. Before the Capitol;
the Senate sitting above),
Brutus trusts Antony and Antony plots a revolt against Brutus and Cassius. “Mark Antony, here, take you Caesar’s body. You shall not in your funeral speech blame us,
but speak all good you can devise of Caesar,
and say you do’t by our permission” (Act II. Scene I. Rome. Before the
Capitol; the Senate sitting above). Cassius trusts Brutus and Brutus takes
wrong decisions. “I know not what may fall; I like it not.”
(Act II. Scene 1. Rome. Before the Capitol; the Senate sitting above). The
drama also teaches its readers to not let ego
and arrogance get the better of themselves, Julius Caesar died because of his
ego. Caesars ego led to him being perceived as an ambitious person, his
ambition was disliked by the likes of Cassius, Brutus and their supporters
which was the motive behind Caesar’s murder. Shakespeare also adds a secret
message for his viewers/readers, every man, no matter how powerful or superior
has to perish one day. No one is born immortal and no one can be made immortal
by gaining even the highest of the highest social statuses. The drama is also
ironically based on karma, what goes around definitely does come around.










Works Cited



Hylton, Jeremy. “Julius
Shakespeare- Julius Caesar play.” Julius Caesar: Entire
Play, The Tech, MIT, shakespeare.mit.edu/julius_caesar/full.html.



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