The traditional timesmaster builder was not an engineer, architect, or general contractor, but acombination of the three.
The Master Builder approach held sway from the MiddleAges through the early renaissance years. As there continued to be progress inthe renaissance, the design and construction functions started to diverge andbecame separate tasks. Further separation between design and construction wasbrought about by industrial revolution. There was growing need in design andconstruction expertise in addressing unique production and needs in facilities.
By the end of the 19th Century, the MasterBuilder notion was long gone (Architects, 2017).Most people agree thatcheaper is not always the best option. In the mid-twentieth century, in everystate in the United States of America, construction contracts should always beawarded based on the lowest price, at least the public sector. At thisinstance, price became the main basis for which contracts were awarded. Theconstruction industry in response worked hard to eliminate any extra productsor services that might lead to an extra expenditure to the project.
The “you only get what youpay for” attitude set a good stage for a very progressive deterioration of adesign-contractor-owner relationship. For the management of risks and profitprotection, change orders, claims, and litigation became the standardmethodology.