Huashan mountain With the yellow river to the north and the qinling mountain range at the back to the south, huashan mountain stands in the south of Huayin county, 120 kilometers east of xi??™an. It??™s famous for its precipitousness (pr??s?p?t?snis). There are five peaks of huashan mountain: the morning sun peak, the lotus flower peak, the jade lady peak, the wild goose-resting peak and the cloudy terrace? [ter?s] peak. From a distance, these five peaks look like a lotus flower among the mountains, hence it got the name of huashan mountain. The yuquan garden is located at the entrance of the valley on the hillside north of huashan mountain. It is the starting point to go to the top.
Inside the garden there is a cool, sweet spring; hence its name jade spring garden. The old pines border the winding paths , and give deep shade. Reconstruction was carried out during the reign of emperor qian long. It makes the whole garden look nice and beautiful today.
The stone tablets are inscribed with valuable calligraphy. Now here is qingke terrace, you can look around dongdao and tongxian temples. After the visitation of qingke terrace, you will soon pass a huge rock named turn back. And you are going to find yourself at the bottom of the thousand foot precipice ?pres?p?s ??. Next is the hundred foot crevice. It is said that if one man were guarding the pass at this point, 1000 people would be unable to get through.
And after that, you will get laojun??™s furrow. Nearly 500 steps are made up from the bottom part of the furrow. It has a legend that laozi, the founder of Taoism, once drove his ox to this place and ploughed plau the furrow in only one night. At the end of the furrow, he is said to have hung his plough. Soon you will finally teach the north peak. It has only one hill that leads to the south with three sides disconnected with anywhere, and it is fairly steep. The next stop is canglong ridge, which was also known as ni ridge or jia ridge in ancient times.
At the end of the ridge is the yishen cliff, which is inscribed with five Chinese characters: han yu threw down his will. If you decided to get to canglong ridge, you can??™t avoid touching the heavenward ladder on your way up. Here is the central peak, which is also called the jade lady peak. It is said that Nong Yu, the daughter of king mu of the spring and autumn period, was so moved by the music which Xiao Shi played. Finally she gave up living a happy and luxurious palace life, and together with Xiao Shi, flew here on the backs of a dragon and a phoenix and lived in seclusion. The jade lady??™s cave[keiv], the phoenix pavilion and some other scenic spots are what we can see there today.
The east peak is also called the morning sun peak. It is the best place from which to see the sunrise. The peak shoots noticeably up into the sky. Therefore both the ascent and descent disent are difficult and dangerous. On the side at one cliff there is the impression of a huge hand colored in a mixture of blue and brown. The story goes like this: huashan mountain was originally linked to the zhongtiao mountains. Together they blocked the flow of the huanghe river.
With his hand, the god of strength split the mountain into two, and made a way for the river to pass, consequently leaving the print of his hand on the cliff. It is known as gods hand print on huashan mountain. The south peak is called wild goose resting peak.
It is the highest peak in the five. It is covered by pines that provide deep shade, and extend for several miles. The top of the peak is a bare rock.
Here there is no grass, and the wind is always strong. Descending eastward, you will notice the Cliffside path. Because of a huge lotus flower shaped rock standing there in front of the cuiyun temple at the top, the west peak is known as lotus flower peak. The west peak is the place where little chen xiang, son of holy mother third, split the mountain to rescue his mother. Close to cuiyun temple lies a huge rock which seems to have been split into two with an axe ?ks; hence its name ???split rock with an axe???.
Not far off stands a long handled axe which is said to have been used by this filial?f?l??l son. In the past, huashan mountain was regarded as mountain of divinity [diviniti] and the temple, which served as a place for the emperors of different dynasties to hold sacrificial ceremonies for the god of huashan mountain. This temple was categorized as national monument, and it has become a famous tourist attraction. The standards of the construction of the temple are so high that it looks like the imperial palace of beijng, hence the name small imperial palace.