The Irish ImmigrationDharma PostalETH/12508-20-2011Josephine Ellsworth The Irish Immigrants In the past Irish immigrants have had to deal with racism, discrimination, and prejudice views from others. Due to a major famine in their home country of Ireland it caused the biggest push, to move to the United States.
From the very beginning of their arrival on American soil, the Irish have had to deal with segregation and discrimination. Some of the discrimination that they were subjected to was dual labor, institutional, redlining, double jeopardy, and glass ceilings (Daw 2011). The Irish immigrants faced hardships in their migration and many years of hardship in America until they establish acceptance in the United States workforce (Daw 2011), and society. Many Irish considered leaving Ireland because large areas of their land were under the control of landowners living in England. The Irish were only being paid eight pence a day which was a fifth less than what they would obtain in the United States (U.S).
( Irish Immigration 2011). This is when serious consideration for immigration to the U.S. had started. In October of 1845, devastation of the Irish??™s potato crops had caused significant problems, such as starvation, typhus, and death. These problems brought death to an estimated 350,000 people (Irish Immigration 2011). This famine, known as the Potato Famine (Daw 2011), was the starting point of the migration to the U.S.
and other countries (Irish immigration 2011). According to Irish Immigration 2011, from ???1820 to 1920 over 4,400,000 people emigrated from Ireland to the U.S.??? For the Irish going to America it meant escaping ???poverty, disease, and English oppression??? (Irish Immigrants in America during the 19the Century 2011).
Although upon their arrival to the U.S. they were not met with open arms from the American people. The Irish were often laughed at while being unloaded off the ships (Daw 2011). Segregation occurred soon after their arrival.
According to Irish Immigrants in America during the 19th Century (2011), ???hundreds of runners, usually large greedy men, swarmed abroad the ship grabbing immigrants and their bags trying to force them to their favorite tenement house and then exact an outrageous fee for their services.??? Irish immigrants were poor and had no choice but to live in almshouses set aside for them. These slums brought about problems for the Irish people because of overcrowding in the small areas, disease and crime was abundant due to the unfair treatment of the immigrants (Daw 2011). Immediate segregation from the American people was only the beginning of the problems the Irish immigrants faced.
They would soon be faced with prejudice and race issues (Daw 2011). The Irish were poor and would accept hard labor jobs, and the citizens of the U.S. would find themselves competing for jobs with them. Local businesses started to reject the Irish, and began placing signs in their windows, and in local job listings, which said ???NO Irish Need Apply??? (Daw 2011). In addition to labor, prejudice against their religion was prominent among the American people toward the Irish and their Catholic belief. The American people hated the Irish for their religion and the way they were.
They were often considered to be ???poor, dirty, criminals, and thieves.??? (Paul 2011). Separation of the Irish in the job market was very apparent. So, in fact they suffered from dual labor market discrimination. The Irish were only able to obtain the lowest paying jobs that most Americans rejected and the unskilled jobs that were available to them (Daw 2011). Most Irish men worked for labor gangs, this was a group of people who worked together to complete railroads, and mining (Daw 2011). Women were subjected to servant work, such as ???chamber maids, cooks, and the caretakers of children.
??? These were jobs fit for servants and were rejected by Americans (Irish Immigrants in America during the 19th Century 2011). Unfortunately, just because they were Irish they were victims of dual labor market discrimination.Due to their race and were they came from, the Irish were denied opportunities. As a group they dealt with intuitional discrimination. They did not receive the same education, job opportunities, and living standards that average Americans enjoyed (Daw 2011).
Irish were not considered for the better paying jobs, and a higher education was out of the question for them. The type of living conditions in which they were forced to live in was considered to be slums. The landlords would charge them top dollar, and refused to improve the conditions in which they lived (Daw 2011). However, fortunately for the Irish, institutional discrimination was not something that they had to go through for long. Because the Irish were hardworking, honest, and reliable; people became more accepting of them over time (Daw 2011).Due to the fact that some Irish were Catholic, they also suffered from double jeopardy. Double jeopardy is the combination of two subordinate groups. Being both Irish and Catholic meant double discrimination for them (Daw 2011).
The Irish experienced redlining. They were discriminated in the housing they were allowed to reside in. They were secluded in slums that were breeding grounds for disease and crime. Many Irish were forced to live in cramped quarters that were dirty, run-down, and overly priced (Paul 2011).Because the Irish had to settle for the low paying, unskilled jobs that most Americans did not want, the Irish, dealt with the glass ceiling. This is a discrimination that prevents promotions due to race, sex, or the origin of the person. The Irish people, many who were skilled, were forced into jobs because they were the only jobs available to them at that time in history (Daw 2011).
In addition to that, a political party had been formed call the Know Nothings. This group ???tried to discriminate against the Irish in employment, education, and political franchise.??? (Hitchcock 2011). The Irish immigrants fought years of prejudice and discrimination here in the United States. But, through perseverance, hard work, and good ethical practices they would one day be accepted as Americans. However, in the early years many have changed their names, religion, and abandoned their traditions (Daw 2011), for American traditions in order to find acceptance from their new found home in America.
Modern day Irish are now just everyday Americans with no cultural ties to Ireland. I have Irish blood in me, and I cannot relate to any aspect of them due to this change they have made many years ago. I have only everyday American cultures and traditions that I follow; due to the discrimination and prejudice of the early Irish immigrants.
ReferencesDaw, Chad. (2011). Prejudices and Discrimination Against Our Irish Ancestors. Associated Content Retrievedfromhttp://www.associatedcontent.com/article/1566460/prejudices_and_discrimination_against_pg4.
htmlcat=17Hitchcock, Greg. (2011). Immigration, the Irish, and the Civil War. Associated Content. Retrived Fromhttp://www.associatedcontent.com/article/8288539/immigration_the_irish_and_the_civil.htmlcat=37 Irish Immigration.
(2011). Retrieved from http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.
uk/USAEireland.htm Irish Immigrants in America during the 19th Century. (2011). The Kinsella Homepage Retrieved from http://www.kinsella.org/history/histira.htmPaul, Sherrie.
(2011). Irish Immigrants and the Discriminations and Prejudice They Faced. Associated Content.