The
fact that evil exists in the world means that there is a major problem in the
understanding of God. It is imperative to realize that a lot of people believe
that if a God existed and that he was all powerful and all mighty then he would
be able to effectively end evil and ensure that all human beings lived well.

This is an important perspective that many different persons have tried to
understand it. In order to better understand the issue of evil, it is
imperative look at examples which show whether indeed God is good or not and
whether he has the power to stop evil and just decides not to. An example on
the problem of evil creates a setup where a 6 month old baby dies painfully in
a house fire. In this case, God has the ability to save the baby; however, He
does not do it. Accordingly, if God is justly good, then there must be a genuine
justifying condition for not saving the baby. The first try that one suggests
is that the baby will go to heaven. However, an individual can criticize this
point by arguing that if it was not necessary for the child to suffer, then God
was wrong to allow it (Rachels 84). One can therefore, argue
that being compensated in the afterlife for being wrong in the existing life is
a separate issue. Further, if it was essential for the baby to agonize, there
is a need for a clarification as to why the misery was required because presently
as it stands its need is not apparent. The second try on this setup is that the
agonizing death of the baby will eventually have good results, and accordingly
it was allowable for God to allow the child to die agonizingly (Rachels
86).

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The first criticism towards these issues is that this answer makes the
assumption that whatever evil which occurs in the world will have an overall
good when it comes to the long run. If this is to stand, it means that those
that are causing evil are doing so for the greater good which can be defined as
being absurd.

Another
example one can give states that there is a major difference that exists
between feeling like acting and acting itself. For example, a nurse who wants
to kill her mother because of her pain, she has the means to do it, but it does
not mean that she is bad for not alleviating pain from her mother (Rachels
92).

However, accordingly, the answers offered do not explain the reason as to why
God permitted the child to die painfully. It only tries to make a point that
even though a horrible thing occurred, it would have an overall good in the
long run. However, this can only be trusted if there is some assurance that God
is good. It is critical to realize that this defense in causing pain and harm
would not be accepted in any other context such as court case. If this could
apply, it means that the defendant can argue that he is innocent and try to
convince the court that although all the evidence points out that he is guilty,
eventually, proof will be discovered which will clear him in the long run (Rachels
95).

The
Third try states that God has given his people free will and therefore, it is
human responsibility and not his. However, when putting this in a practical
situation. One can argue that when a bystander knowingly accepts a horrible
thing to happen despite being in a position where he could have helped without
being injured, the bystander cannot be referred to as good (Rachels
93).

Consequently, it is not right to therefore say God is good when he allowed the
infant to die an excruciating death through burning. Therefore, these examples
are important as they show that although God is claimed to be good, there are
many facets that are not properly understood and many of which are not mutually
exclusive. This therefore, means that if God is good then he cannot be almighty
and if he is almighty he cannot be good. 

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