The Macbeth utilizes similes that identify Duncan with

The murder of Duncan, in the play Macbeth, by William Shakespeare, was a complete catastrophe. Macbeth’s plan to murder Duncan can not take the full blame because he did not execute this plan alone.The Witches and Lady Macbeth were held responsible too. The Witches’ prophecies of Macbeth becoming King of Scotland sparked ambition in Macbeth, causing him to push himself, leading to the notion of making it into a reality. Macbeth has difficulties to not carry out the plan to murder Duncan, so Lady Macbeth convinces Macbeth to be King. This would develop Macbeth to being forced into committing the crime. He, however being in control by others, was in full control of himself. Macbeth incorporates figurative language and diction to convince himself he does not have to go through with the plan of murdering Duncan, however Lady Macbeth integrates pathos and rhetorical questions in order to persuade Macbeth contrarily. To begin with, Macbeth tries to persuade himself to not murder Duncan. Macbeth utilizes  similes that identify Duncan with innocence and goodness. He goes to state that those who follow Duncan will nonetheless “plead like angels, trumpet-tongued” pertaining to his death (I.vii. 19-20). That is to say, that the analogy to Duncan’s followers and angels has the purpose of exaggerating desperation that the death of a pure man will consequently bring. To continue, Macbeth provides the fact that murdering Duncan will bring the consequence of calamity to many, which Macbeth would want to avert at all cost. He goes to add on that the death of Duncan would motivate pity, more or less to how the death of a “naked newborn babe” would. (I.vii.21). With the analogy of Duncan to a baby, Macbeth is again depicting him to an image of purity; this gives him the reasoning that murdering Duncan would be a consequential sin, due to it being similar to murdering an infant. In addition Macbeth uses diction to further develop his counter argument against his wife. Within the play, Macbeth goes to describe the murder of Duncan as “horrid”, and then express that the tears of Duncan’s loyal followers would nonetheless “Drown the wind” (I.vii.24-25). It is clearly seen that the words “drown” and “horrid”  conclusively have a  negative connotations, and are often thought to correlate with dreadfulness and morbidness. Macbeth utilizes these words to note what would come from murdering Duncan and having hopes of successfully persuading himself out of it. He then proceeds to state that murdering Duncan would be similar to lifting a “poison’d chalice” to his own lips (I.vii.11). The term “poison” is often paired with the thought of death and adversity. Definitively, Macbeth persuades himself that not only will Duncan ultimately suffer, but he will too. He rationalizes that murdering Duncan would nonetheless be killing himself.Moving on, Lady Macbeth uses rhetorical questions in order to attempt to persuade her husband. She deviously inquires if the promise they made was “drunk” and follows up with if it “hath slept since?” (I.vii.35-36). Lady Macbeth’s inquiry brings attention to the indication that a true man would keep the promises he forges, she then goes to ask “What beast… made you break this enterprise to me?” (I.vii.56-57). Her judgement to resort to using the term “beast” has the intent of making Macbeth feel dissatisfactory. The term withholds a negative connotation due to it diminishing Macbeth from a man to that of an animal, and has a substantially more powerful implementation than modestly asking why he broke his words of honor. Lady Macbeth undoubtedly takes the advantage of a man’s intentions to defend his virility and also incorporates this to bring about guilt in Macbeth to murder Duncan.Furthermore, Lady Macbeth incorporates an amalgamation of literary devices to appeal to Pathos. She tells Macbeth that going through with the plan to murder Duncan will result in making him “so much more the man” (I.vii.50-51). Clearly, she further pushes to question her husband’s manhood. Her purpose of saying “so much more” provokes Macbeth to prove to his wife how much of man he truly is. Lady Macbeth challenging diction has the purpose of manipulating Macbeth into feeling he has no choice but to fulfill his sacred words. Next, the devious Lady Macbeth uses maternal imagery to further strengthen her argument. She then claims that she would have “dash’d the brains out” of her newborn if she had promised Macbeth to do so (I.vii.58)