The UnitedKingdom (UK), or the so-called Great Britain, of the 18th, 19thand early 20th century was the world’s foremost power.
During thenotable time period of ‘Pax Britannica’ which was between1815 and 1914, it successfully maintained unrivalledsupremacy and unprecedented international peace. Though in records,the UK doesnot believe in interfering severely with other countries’ motives behind itsactions, the unlawful acts of People’s Republic of China (PRC) undermined therules-based order that UK is committed to, which made the concerns of Britainrise exponentially. As a nation thriving to maintain international peace since ages,it is important for the UK to stand against the claims made by PRC to imposedominance in the South China Sea.TheBritish responded with a series of actual and intended actions. The announcementof flying the RAF Typhoons through the South China Sea and the participation inexercises with Japan, South Korea, and Malaysia was a significant step. TheBritish officials wishes to commence the sail of aircraft carrier on thePacific by 2020. Attendance in the annual two-plus-two meeting between theforeign and defence ministers of Australia and UK, dubbed AUKMIN, suggested amore muscular British presence in the South China Sea.
Foreign Secretary BorisJohnson was reported saying during a speech organized by the Australian thinktank, the Lowy Institute for International Policy, that Britain would indeedsail its two new aircraft carriers to the South China Sea. Britain’s actionsare backed up by the freedom of navigation exercises and the moral goal is toget countries working together to safeguard and promote regional peace and prosperity.On12th July 2016, the Permanent Court Arbitration (PCA) released TheSouth China Sea Arbitration. According to PCA case number 2013-19, there was anarbitration case brought by the Philippines against the PRC underAnnex VII to the United Nations Convention on the Law of theSea (UNCLOS) concerning certain issues in the South China Sea, includingthe legality of China’s “nine-dotted line” claim. Rejection ofthe tribunal by PRC has caused a strong negative prospective of the countryinternationally.
It not only made it appear that a developed country may havethe power to disobey international laws but also that it declines the ruling infavour of Philippines making the country seem insignificant.TheUK remains a permanent member of the United Nations SecurityCouncil, a founding member ofthe G7, G8, G20, NATO, OECD, WTO, Council ofEurope, OSCE, and the Commonwealth of Nations, which is a legacy ofthe British Empire. It strongly believes severe actions should be taken tomaintain the influence of international bodies on countries as in the end, themain goal is to decline conflict and encourage world peace. UK foresees takingstronger actions in the future to acts of unlawfulness and prohibit inequalityamong countries.