The industrial revolution was a process that led society from an agricultural economy to an industrialized economy. The term Industrial Revolution is used to refer to one of the first phases within the development of industry and science that is cataloged as a transition phase or latent and that originates in England from 1690 to 1760.But was this process really favorable for humanity?DEVELOPMENTMuch of the development of the revolution is due to science, why science, because because of it several of the Lunar Society could give way to the scientific advance applied in practice, ie the technological. The Lunar Society was a group of scientists and writers promoting the advance of art and science, among the advances that can be mentioned is the creation of the steam engine, the railroad, etc.For the Industrial Revolution to take place as such, the birth of quantitative and experimental science and the emergence of the capitalist mode of production was necessary. The Industrial Revolution did not originate in heavy industry but in the textile industry that was in great demand in that century and could not expand its production at a fast pace needed and could not lower wages to get more workforce, and that is how they managed to obtain advantages with the use of hydraulic energy.Great inventions such as the spinning wheel of Hargreaves in 1764, the hydraulic loom of Arkwright in 1779 served to multiply the production.
The main features of the industrial revolution were divided into three, which were: technological, socio-economic and cultural aspects. Technological changes such as the creation of the steam engine, the railway, the steamship, the telegraph, etc. originated that new materials such as steel, new forms of energy such as coal and new motor forms were used.Among the social and cultural changes are the growth of the urban population, the development of the so-called working class, as well as the growth of scientific and technical knowledge.
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The result of the revolution was the increase in production in terms of yield and productivity with the smaller number of workers and greater volume in production. Finally, the freedom of hiring caused the salary to fall, with which the peasants were trapped by the fall in prices.Obviously the set of innovations notably harmed the farmers. Because of their inability to cope with the competition of the machines, their subsistence possibilities were minimal, so the only solution was the displacement to the big cities. This was the price of the modernization of farms.From all this emerges two new social classes: the bourgeoisie and the proletariat.
The bourgeoisie that was the class that owns the textile industries, railroads, etc., and the proletariat that consisted of the working class. After becoming aware of their surroundings, the working class begins to organize and form what we now call unions, although at first they were not well received by the bourgeoisie, with the passage of time the rights of the worker were legitimized and minimum security laws were established. labor.CONCLUSIONAlthough the Industrial Revolution brought great contributions in terms of technological development, it also brought a great delay in terms of social development, since the economic system where it developed was capitalism, which is the main cause of the social backwardness in which it is submerged Modern society, where the worker is reduced to the value of his work and is no longer considered a person but a tool of production by the bourgeoisie who only take charge of accumulating wealth while the proletariat produces it.