The scale of poverty in India has been immense over the last decades.
In 2012, India was home to 262 million poor people which is defined by the $ 1.90 per day international poverty line. Even though we have seen growth in India’s economy and reduction in poverty over the last few years, this number is too big and there is more to be done.India has been doing fairly well in changing the amount of people living below the line of poverty. From 1994 to 2012, 134 million people in India managed to get past the line of poverty. Even though this was a great improvement, poverty reduction did not benefit everyone equally. The fall in poverty levels could have been much higher if growth had been more inclusive.
This can be seen since GDP per capita in regions like Goa are around 4,900 yet in other places like Bihar it is around 680. If India starts focussing on closing the gap of poverty between different regions it will greatly impact and improve the country in overall.Moving on to the fact that some population groups in India are worse off than other groups. These include the Scheduled Tribes (STs) since 43% of this group of people were below the poverty line in 2012. Also Scheduled Castes who have 29% of their population living below the poverty line.
Along with the issue of poverty in India, equality is also one that needs change. From these statistics you can see how certain groups of people could especially use help from India’s government that would allow them to get out of poverty.Finally, poverty seems to be present in certain geographical locations.
The top states for poverty in India are Uttar Pradesh with 60 million poor, Bihar with 36 million and Madhya Pradesh with 24 million. The top seven states account for roughly 62% of India’s poor. Also important is the rural-urban divide in poverty. Almost one in five Indians is poor and out of every five poor people, four live in rural areas.
This shows a massive divide in poverty and is another problem that needs to be solved in order for India’s poverty numbers to go down.A possible solution for this important issue is creating jobs. This can help out India tremendously because jobs provide income and having income is one of the biggest steps you can take if you want to get out of poverty. The U.N. even said “unemployment and underemployment lies at the core of poverty.
For the poor, labor is often the only asset they can use to improve their well-being.” This quote perfectly explains how creating jobs can be the key for lowering the number of poor in India and also helping out the economy. In conclusion India has been improving when it comes to helping their population get above the line of poverty yet much more can be done in order to positively affect the huge number of people who are still living below that line such as creating jobs.