The teaching is one of most respectable
profession and plays a vital role in development of societies. The teachers
help students to acquire knowledge, information for their development and to
shoulder the responsibility of taking the nation towards development, therefore
the teachers are considered as the pillars of the society. Job is not only a
main source of income but also an important component of life. Job satisfaction
and dissatisfaction are function of the perceived relationship between what one
expects and obtains from one’s job and how much importance or value one
attributes to it.” In this global world, job satisfaction has been an important
issue. They desire security, recognition, new experience and independence. When
these needs are not fulfilled they become tense, dissatisfaction among workers
is undesirable and dangerous in any profession. Work takes away a large part of
worker’s day and also contributes to one’s social standing. Because of workers
central role in many people’s life, satisfaction with one’s job is an important
component in overall wellbeing.
According to Mobey and Lockey (1970)
expressed as an opinion that “Job satisfaction and dissatisfaction arefunction
of the perceived relationship between what one expects and obtains from one’s
job and how much importance or value one attributes to it. Again”Robbins and
Sanghi (2006) “Job satisfaction is collection of feelings that an individual
holds toward his or her job.” The same was contributed by Masud Ibn Rahman
(2008) “Job satisfaction is defined as a general attitude toward one’s job. It
is in regard to one’s feelings or state–of-mind regarding the nature of their
work.” In this global world, job satisfaction has been an important issue. It
is very crucial to the long-term growth of any educational system around the
world. Job satisfaction in this context is the ability of the teaching job to
meet teachers’ needs and improve their teaching performance. Knowledge, skills
and competencies occur when one feels satisfied in one’s behavior. Therefore,
satisfaction in needed in the behavior of a college teacher if he/she has to
perform productive activities in the college.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Teacher’s job satisfaction is one of the key
factors in institutional dynamics and generally considered to be the primary
dependent variable in terms of which effectiveness of an organization’s human
resource is evaluated. Job satisfaction of teachers is essential because the
future of each student is in the hand of a teacher .When the teacher is
satisfied in their job at that time only they have interested to teach students
with efficiently and effectively. College Teachers are arguably the most
important group of professionals for our nation’s future. Therefore, it is
disturbing to find that many of today’s teachers in higher education are
dissatisfied with their jobs. Job satisfaction is good not only for employees
but society as a whole. It increases productivity and classroom performance in
the college. These aspects are important in higher education in India. The
government of India is highly concerned to provide quality education at college
level. But without job satisfaction among the behavior of the college teachers,
the objective of providing quality education would not be materialized. Therefore,
job satisfaction is needed among college teachers to promote quality education.
Improving educational performance ranks high
on the national agenda with educators and policy makers focusing on testing
accountability, curriculum reform, teacher quality and concerns. A high quality
teaching staff is the cornerstone of a successful system .Attracting and
retaining high quality teacher is thus a primary requirement for an educational
institution. For the development of quality teachers, one has to understand
factors associated with it. Job satisfaction is one of those important factors.
OBJECTIVES OF THE
1. To understand the various factors associated with the job
satisfaction of College teachers.
2. To find out whether there is any relationship of job satisfaction
between male and female teachers.
3. To find out the
relationship between years of service and job satisfaction of College Teachers.
SCOPE OF THE
The scope of the
study is limited to Tamil nadu state. The sample size of the survey is 150.The
objectives are fixed based on the support of review available and analysis that
has been made. In short the study has been conducted within the stipulated
The type of Research Method is adopted was
descriptive research. . Both primary and secondary data are collected for the
completion of this project. Primary data are collected using questionnaires and
direct interview. Questionnaires are circulated among the five Government
Colleges in Tamil nadu. The sample size of the survey is 150. The study has
taken a period of one year i.e., 2016-2017. The questionnaire prepared on the
basis of various factors which influence the satisfaction of the respondents.
Present study based on their long term of service as teachers at Government
Colleges of Tamil nadu. The categories of Lecturer, Assistant Professor,
Associate Professor, Professor and Principal. The first part of questionnaire
consisted of information regarding demographic background such as sex, age,
level of education, designation, salary, marital status, length of service. The
second part of the questionnaire was consisted of various statements to find
out the level of job stress such as working conditions, respondents’ facet
specific job satisfaction, workload,
opportunities of growth and promotion.
The study is limited only to
Tamilnadu, which may fail to give a correct picture of the study.
The researcher faces some
difficulty due to the lack of co-operation from some respondents.
The bias of respondents cannot
be completely ruled out.
The number of
teachers surveyed is 150. The questionnaire prepared on the basis of various
factors which influence the satisfaction of the customers. The response of
Government college teachers has given in tables.
CLASSIFICATION OF RESPONDENTS
NO OF RESPONDENTS
Table 1 shows the gender
classification of respondents 60% of the respondents are male and the
proportion of 40% are female teachers.
INCOME BASED CLASSIFICATION
NO OF RESPONDENTS
Source: primary data
Table no: 2
indicates that38 % of respondents belong to the income group of 30000-45000,
16.7% of respondents belong to the income group of 45000-60000, 30% of
respondents belong to the income group of 60000-75000, and 15.3% of respondents
belong to the income group of above 75000.
SUBJECT OF TEACHING
Table 3 shows the
subject of teaching of the respondents.36% of them are language teachers and
the proportion of science and humanities teachers are 32% each
OF EXPERIENCE IN TEACHING
NO OF RESPONDENTS
Up to 4
5 to 14
15 to 24
25 to 34
Source: primary data
Table 4 indicates
that the years of experience of college teachers. 35% of them lie in the
category of 25 to 34, 25% of them lie in the category of 5 to 24 and Up to 4
and 15% of respondents come under the category of 5 to 14.
AND PROMOTIONAL ASPECTS OF COLLEGE TEACHERS
Source: primary data
Table 5 indicates
that the financial and promotional aspects of college teachers. Majority of the
college teachers (67%) are satisfied with the Financial and promotional aspects
like salary, incentives etc. given by the Govt.
BEHAVIOUR AND CLASS ROOM ACTIVITIES
Table 6 indicates that the student’s behavior
and class room activities. 68% of them opined that it is good, 20% as very good
and 12% as fair.
AND ATTITUDES OF SUPERIORS, SUBORDINATES
Table 7 indicates
that the attitudes of superiors and subordinates. Majority of the respondents
0(67%) stated that it is good; 25% of the respondents stated that it is Very
good and13% of the respondents stated that it is fair.
OF JOB SATISFACTION BETWEEN MALE AND FEMALE TEACHER
SATISFACTION OF MALE TEACHERS
SATISFACTION OF FEMALE TEACHERS
10 indicates that the job satisfaction of male and female teachers’ .Correlation
coefficient between the job satisfaction of male and female teachers is 0.88.
There is high degree of positive correlation between the job satisfaction of
male teachers and those of female teachers.
BETWEEN YEARS OF SERVICE AND JOB SATISFACTION OF COLLEGE TEACHERS
YEARS OF SERVICE
Source: primary data
indicates that the years of service and job satisfaction of the respondents.
From the results of correlation coefficient (0.7), it is clear that there is a
positive correlation between these two elements.
v Training methods should be improved.
v Teachers should be provided with adequate freedom for decision
v More liberal rapport should be developed between teachers and
The teachers should be provided
with sufficient rest room and other facilities.
Teachers’ job satisfaction is one of the
important factors in terms of which the effectiveness of an institution is
evaluated. From this limited study, it is found that there are varieties of
factors which affect teachers’ job satisfaction. These factors include nature,
rules and regulations of the job, financial aspects, students’ behavior and
class room activities , behavior and attitude of superiors , subordinates
,principal, non teaching staff, administrative authorities etc; freedom for
participating in decision making, recognition of the society etc. The above
factors have great effects on the satisfaction of teachers. The job
satisfactions among male and female teachers have a high degree of positive
correlation and there is also a positive correlation between the years of
service and job satisfaction of college teachers. The teachers should be
provided with better training methods, restroom facilities etc. There should be
a better relationship with administrative authorities; they should be given sufficient
freedom for decision making etc. for attaining higher satisfaction from all
such aspects of their profession.