TheVimy Ridge battle in World War 1 took place in France during early 19171.Germany had complete control of the Ridge before Canada came to Vimy. TheFrench and British both tried to defeat Germany at Vimy Ridge, but failed2.Led by general in command Arthur Currie and Julian Bing the Canadians capturedthe Ridge in four days3.Vimy Ridge is an important battle to Canadian History based on its geographic,military and intellectual impact. TheCanadians had a huge geographic disadvantage at Vimy Ridge. Despite thosedisadvantages they succeeded in capturing the Ridge in blinding speed. TheGermans were positioned at the top of the hill and the Canadians werepositioned at the bottom4.
TheGermans position made it so that any soldier who tried to come up was vulnerablein the open space5. General Arthur Currie cameup with an intelligent plan called the “Creeping Barrage” that would enable theCanadians to reach the top of the Ridge with minimum casualties6.The “Creeping Barrage” consisted of artillery being set off and the soldiersmoving 100 yards every three minutes. The Canadians dug tunnels underground asa place to store their artillery outside of German sight. They did this in aplace the Germans wouldn’t be able to see even from being at the top of thehill. Billy Bishop worked with Arthur Currie in creating maps of the Ridge.Billy Bishop flew over Vimy Ridge hundreds of times taking pictures of thebattlefield. Bishop then took these photos and created maps, Arthur Currie usedthese maps to prepare his soldiers.
Currie had the soldiers learn exactly whatthe battlefield would be like7.The Canadians knew about every crater on the Ridge before they even arrived8.Bishop was an essential asset of Currie’s plan for the attack. The Canadianshad an intelligent plan, unlike the French and British. The French and Britishdidn’t take into consideration their position as opposed to their enemy’sposition. The Canadians battle plan was carefully planned and rehearsed basedon geographic disadvantages and advantages9. Althoughthe Canadians faced challenges in the battle of Vimy Ridge they still accomplisheda great victory.
With Arthur Currie in command, his “Creeping Barrage” plan is what setthe Canadians up for success at Vimy Ridge10. Thefive essential pieces of Currie’s plan were watches, maps, artillery,underground tunnels and his army. Each of these five things played a key rolein carrying out Arthur Currie’s plan. Arthur Currie’s plan was to set offartillery and move 100 yards every three minutes until they reached the Germantrenches11. The artillery was to setoff before they moved their 100 yards. The watches were to be able to time whento move the 100 yards. The maps provided by Billy Bishop were so that theycould be prepared for the geography of the hill, such as craters. Then the armywas to carry out the whole “Creeping Barrage” plan12.
They had a massive artillery barrage consisting of 245 heavy guns and more then600 pieces of field artillery. The Vimy Ridge plan was planned to minimize thenumber of casualties as Currie’s battle philosophy is “Pay the price in shellsrather then men13.” As well as for his plan,Arthur Currie fought for only Canada’s four divisions to fight this battle,making it a completely Canadian battle. On April 9th, 1917 atapproximately 5:30am Currie’s plan was put into action14. Bynoon that day 3 out of 4 of the Canadian divisions captured their part of theRidge15.The Canadians had full control over the German trenches within 7 hours.
ByApril 12th Canada had captured more prisoners and guns then Britainhad in the two and a half years of war16.Also, by April 12th the Germans pulled back more then 3 km andaccepted the loss17.This became Canadas greatest day in the war, the day they came out of Britain’sshadow18.Vimy Ridge meant more to Canadian’s then just winning the battle.
Vimy Ridgechanged people, not just the soldiers but the citizens of Canada as well becamemore confident and proud to be Canadian19.Vimy Ridge was a huge victory that made people Canadian and Canada anindependent nation. Arthur Currie Born on December 5th,1875 in Napperton Ontario, was a General in Command that led the Canadians inthe Vimy Ridge success20. Priorto the War Currie was a militia officer in British Columbia. He was given handof the first Canadian division in 1915-1621.Currie became known as Hero “Barrage Currie22″because he came up with his intelligent plan that helped bring Canada out ofBritain’s shadow. Part of his plan was to try and minimize the number ofcasualties the best he could23. ArthurCurrie was greatly responsible for Canadas victory at Vimy.
It was because ofArthur Currie that the Canadian soldiers destroyed Germany in only four daysand the fact that people became prouder to be Canadian because of the greatVimy Ridge victory. Overall Arthur Currie was very successful at leading theCanadian troops to battle. VimyRidge was an enormous success for the Canadians. Canada was once known as apart of Britain, but is now known to be a great independent country of freedom24.Despite geographic challenges Arthur Currie led the Canadians to success in atask that was said to be “impossible” and all in four days25. Itis the first day of the Vimy Ridge battle, April 9th, 1917, not anyother day that Canada became a nation. The battle of Vimy Ridge is a proudhistoric moment that has helped form Canada to make it what it is today. Thegeographic, military and intellectual impacts of Vimy Ridge have a significantimpact on Canada today making it an independent nation.
1Reid, T. “Canadian Battles of WW1”. PowerPoint.
September 19th, 20172Berton, Pierre. Vimy. Anchor Canada. 2001. Pg. 2913 Berton, Pierre.
Vimy.Anchor Canada 2001. Pg. 2914Foot, Richard. “Battle of Vimy Ridge”. http://www.
thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/vimy-ridge/ PublishedApril 6th, 2017 Date Accessed November 2017 5N.A. “Preparing For the Attack on Vimy”.
www.veterans.gc.ca PublishedOctober 2014 Date Accessed November 20176 Hundey,Ian. “Vimy Ridge”. Canadian History. 2000. Pg.
817Reid, T. “Canadian Battles of WW1”. PowerPoint. September 19th, 20178Reid, T. “Canadian Battles of WW1”. PowerPoint. September 19th, 20179Cook, Tim. “Battle of Vimy Ridge”.
http://www.warmuseum.ca/the-battle-of-vimy-ridge/ Published N.ADate Accessed November 2017 10NA. “Who’s Who-Sir Arthur Currie”.
http://www.firstworldwar.com/bio/currie.htm PublishedAugust 2009, Accessed November 2017 11Reid, T. “Canadian Battles WW1”. PowerPoint. September 19th, 201712N.A.
“Preparing for the Attack on Vimy”. www.veterans.gc.ca PublishedOctober 2014 Date Accessed November 201713Reid, T.
“Canadian Battles of WW1”. PowerPoint. September 19th, 201714N.A. “The Capture of Vimy Ridge”. www.
veterans.gc.ca Published October2014 Date Accessed November 201715N.A. “The Capture of Vimy Ridge”. www.
veterans.gc.ca PublishedOctober 2014 Date Accessed November 2017 16 N.A.
“The Capture of Vimy Ridge”. www.veterans.gc.ca Published October 2014 Date AccessedNovember 201717N.A. “The Capture of Vimy Ridge”.
www.veterans.gc.ca PublishedOctober 2014 Date Accessed November 201718Berton, Pierre. Vimy.
Anchor Canada. 2001. Pg.29119 Berton, Pierre. Vimy.Anchor Canada.
2001. Pg.29320 N.A.
“Who’s Who-Sir Arthur Currie”. http://firstworldwar.com/bio/currie.htm Published August 2009 Date AccessedNovember 201721N.A. “Who’s Who-Sir Arthur Currie”.
http://firstworldwar.com/bio/currie.htm PublishedAugust 2009 Date Accessed November 201722Hundey, Ian.
Vimy Ridge. Canadian History. 2000. Pg. 8123Hundey, Ian. Vimy Ridge.
Canadian History. 2000. Pg. 8124 Berton, Pierre. Vimy. AnchorCanada.
2001. Pg. 29525Hundey, Ian. Vimy Ridge. Canadian History. 2000.