The
Vimy Ridge battle in World War 1 took place in France during early 19171.
Germany had complete control of the Ridge before Canada came to Vimy. The
French and British both tried to defeat Germany at Vimy Ridge, but failed2.
Led by general in command Arthur Currie and Julian Bing the Canadians captured
the Ridge in four days3.
Vimy Ridge is an important battle to Canadian History based on its geographic,
military and intellectual impact.                         

             The
Canadians had a huge geographic disadvantage at Vimy Ridge. Despite those
disadvantages they succeeded in capturing the Ridge in blinding speed. The
Germans were positioned at the top of the hill and the Canadians were
positioned at the bottom4. The
Germans position made it so that any soldier who tried to come up was vulnerable
in the open space5. General Arthur Currie came
up with an intelligent plan called the “Creeping Barrage” that would enable the
Canadians to reach the top of the Ridge with minimum casualties6.
The “Creeping Barrage” consisted of artillery being set off and the soldiers
moving 100 yards every three minutes. The Canadians dug tunnels underground as
a place to store their artillery outside of German sight. They did this in a
place the Germans wouldn’t be able to see even from being at the top of the
hill. Billy Bishop worked with Arthur Currie in creating maps of the Ridge.
Billy Bishop flew over Vimy Ridge hundreds of times taking pictures of the
battlefield. Bishop then took these photos and created maps, Arthur Currie used
these maps to prepare his soldiers. Currie had the soldiers learn exactly what
the battlefield would be like7.
The Canadians knew about every crater on the Ridge before they even arrived8.
Bishop was an essential asset of Currie’s plan for the attack. The Canadians
had an intelligent plan, unlike the French and British. The French and British
didn’t take into consideration their position as opposed to their enemy’s
position. The Canadians battle plan was carefully planned and rehearsed based
on geographic disadvantages and advantages9. Although
the Canadians faced challenges in the battle of Vimy Ridge they still accomplished
a great victory.

            
With Arthur Currie in command, his “Creeping Barrage” plan is what set
the Canadians up for success at Vimy Ridge10. The
five essential pieces of Currie’s plan were watches, maps, artillery,
underground tunnels and his army. Each of these five things played a key role
in carrying out Arthur Currie’s plan. Arthur Currie’s plan was to set off
artillery and move 100 yards every three minutes until they reached the German
trenches11. The artillery was to set
off before they moved their 100 yards. The watches were to be able to time when
to move the 100 yards. The maps provided by Billy Bishop were so that they
could be prepared for the geography of the hill, such as craters. Then the army
was to carry out the whole “Creeping Barrage” plan12.
They had a massive artillery barrage consisting of 245 heavy guns and more then
600 pieces of field artillery. The Vimy Ridge plan was planned to minimize the
number of casualties as Currie’s battle philosophy is “Pay the price in shells
rather then men13.” As well as for his plan,
Arthur Currie fought for only Canada’s four divisions to fight this battle,
making it a completely Canadian battle. On April 9th, 1917 at
approximately 5:30am Currie’s plan was put into action14. By
noon that day 3 out of 4 of the Canadian divisions captured their part of the
Ridge15.
The Canadians had full control over the German trenches within 7 hours. By
April 12th Canada had captured more prisoners and guns then Britain
had in the two and a half years of war16.
Also, by April 12th the Germans pulled back more then 3 km and
accepted the loss17.
This became Canadas greatest day in the war, the day they came out of Britain’s
shadow18.
Vimy Ridge meant more to Canadian’s then just winning the battle. Vimy Ridge
changed people, not just the soldiers but the citizens of Canada as well became
more confident and proud to be Canadian19.
Vimy Ridge was a huge victory that made people Canadian and Canada an
independent nation.

              Arthur Currie Born on December 5th,
1875 in Napperton Ontario, was a General in Command that led the Canadians in
the Vimy Ridge success20. Prior
to the War Currie was a militia officer in British Columbia. He was given hand
of the first Canadian division in 1915-1621.
Currie became known as Hero “Barrage Currie22”
because he came up with his intelligent plan that helped bring Canada out of
Britain’s shadow. Part of his plan was to try and minimize the number of
casualties the best he could23. Arthur
Currie was greatly responsible for Canadas victory at Vimy. It was because of
Arthur Currie that the Canadian soldiers destroyed Germany in only four days
and the fact that people became prouder to be Canadian because of the great
Vimy Ridge victory. Overall Arthur Currie was very successful at leading the
Canadian troops to battle.

              Vimy
Ridge was an enormous success for the Canadians. Canada was once known as a
part of Britain, but is now known to be a great independent country of freedom24.
Despite geographic challenges Arthur Currie led the Canadians to success in a
task that was said to be “impossible” and all in four days25. It
is the first day of the Vimy Ridge battle, April 9th, 1917, not any
other day that Canada became a nation. The battle of Vimy Ridge is a proud
historic moment that has helped form Canada to make it what it is today. The
geographic, military and intellectual impacts of Vimy Ridge have a significant
impact on Canada today making it an independent nation.

            

          

1
Reid, T. “Canadian Battles of WW1”. PowerPoint. September 19th, 2017

2
Berton, Pierre. Vimy. Anchor Canada. 2001. Pg. 291

3 Berton, Pierre. Vimy.
Anchor Canada 2001. Pg. 291

4
Foot, Richard. “Battle of Vimy Ridge”. http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/vimy-ridge/

  Published
April 6th, 2017 Date Accessed November 2017

5
N.A. “Preparing For the Attack on Vimy”. www.veterans.gc.ca

  Published
October 2014 Date Accessed November 2017

6 Hundey,
Ian. “Vimy Ridge”. Canadian History. 2000. Pg.81

7
Reid, T. “Canadian Battles of WW1”. PowerPoint. September 19th, 2017

8
Reid, T. “Canadian Battles of WW1”. PowerPoint. September 19th, 2017

9
Cook, Tim. “Battle of Vimy Ridge”. http://www.warmuseum.ca/the-battle-of-vimy-ridge/

   Published N.A
Date Accessed November 2017 

10
NA. “Who’s Who-Sir Arthur Currie”. http://www.firstworldwar.com/bio/currie.htm

   Published
August 2009, Accessed November 2017

11
Reid, T. “Canadian Battles WW1”. PowerPoint. September 19th, 2017

12
N.A. “Preparing for the Attack on Vimy”. www.veterans.gc.ca

    Published
October 2014 Date Accessed November 2017

13
Reid, T. “Canadian Battles of WW1”. PowerPoint. September 19th, 2017

14
N.A. “The Capture of Vimy Ridge”. www.veterans.gc.ca

    Published October
2014 Date Accessed November 2017

15
N.A. “The Capture of Vimy Ridge”. www.veterans.gc.ca

    Published
October 2014 Date Accessed November 2017

16 N.A. “The Capture of Vimy Ridge”. www.veterans.gc.ca

    Published October 2014 Date Accessed
November 2017

17
N.A. “The Capture of Vimy Ridge”. www.veterans.gc.ca

    Published
October 2014 Date Accessed November 2017

18
Berton, Pierre. Vimy. Anchor Canada. 2001. Pg.291

19 Berton, Pierre. Vimy.
Anchor Canada. 2001. Pg.293

20 N.A. “Who’s Who-Sir Arthur Currie”. http://firstworldwar.com/bio/currie.htm

    Published August 2009 Date Accessed
November 2017

21
N.A. “Who’s Who-Sir Arthur Currie”. http://firstworldwar.com/bio/currie.htm

    Published
August 2009 Date Accessed November 2017

22
Hundey, Ian. Vimy Ridge. Canadian History. 2000. Pg. 81

23
Hundey, Ian. Vimy Ridge. Canadian History. 2000. Pg. 81

24 Berton, Pierre. Vimy. Anchor
Canada. 2001. Pg. 295

25
Hundey, Ian. Vimy Ridge. Canadian History. 2000. Pg. 78

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