The MasterPlan is designed with The concept of one of the greatest masters of urbandesigners – Le Corbusier’s proposed three million inhabitants city center formed the core design inspiration.Kenzo-Tange an indisputable master of city planning, designed Abuja’s city center. This city center encompasses the central city’s core, the three Arms Zonethat housed the executives, Legislative and Judiciaries, and most of the federalbuildings (Daramola & Aina, 2005).
The Master Plan(FCDA, 1979) intends to regulate land-use,transportation systems, infrastructure, housing and other services in a mannerthat they are inter-related, cost-efficientand practical for 500 hectares of government activity, 891 hectares of service,12,486 hectares of residential land, 920hectres of light industry, 1,840hectares of transport infrastructure, 561 hectares of commercial and 8,300hectares of open and recreational land’ (Page 5, MP, 1979). This land usebudget gives a total area of 254.98 square kilometer (or 25,498 hectares) (See Fig 2). The concept was based on integrated and sustainable city, thearrangement in the central areas is such that different zones are integrated ina sequential manner using the gridiron street pattern. In theMaster Plan, Abuja begins with the smallest unit called the Neighborhood. Thisunit is designed to serve about 5000 people. This arrangement informed the typeof facilities proposed for each Neighborhood the next stage is the District,which has more people and upgraded facilities at the top of the pyramid is theCity Center, which is also the Central Business District. The City Centerhouses government offices, government official residences, hospital,transportation terminal and such national symbols like the National Assembly,Supreme Court, National Museum, National Mosque, National Church and theInternational Conference Center.
Furthermore, it is designed to provide theorderly development of the Federal Capital City (FCC) and the satellite townsfor about 25 years (1976 –2000). The creation of a modern city and healthyenvironment can only be achieved by strict adherence to the Master Planaccording to (Ango, 2001).However, the provision of infrastructure like sector road system is designed toprovide easy access to centers from periphery but designed to discouragetraffic through residential areas. Provision for a network of water, sewage anddrainage infrastructure is designed in such a way that it would preservenatural landscape and respect the existing drainage pattern.