The Delegates of Japan strongly recommends Security Council to discuss upon the meansto accommodate integration of Syrian refugees in European societies regarding the Agenda onAgenda item A. Nowadays, since series of religious extremists of terrorism happened inEuropean countries, there are increasing number of European countries that are reluctant toaccept refugees by reinforcing their border control or finding other means to escape from theresponsibility for embracing refugees. In regards to this current phenomenon, it is our duty topay attention to certain problem since our ultimate goal is to establish not only an internationalpeace but also a peace and security among one nation.As it can be noticed in Agenda, it is pinpointing to the Syrian refugees who are urgent fortheir safe settlement that require active support from European societies. Currently, Syrianrefugees that are suffering in severe poverty are outnumbering 11 million.
Then, what has madeSyrian civilians to wander around the world like a homeless people? It takes back to July 2011when the event called ‘cvil war’ finally broke up in Syria after the series of fights betweenprotestors who wanted democracy and the government that was mainly ruled by the dictatorshipof Bashar al-Assad. The magnitude of fight can be assumed when you realize the fact that 90,000lives were distinguished in the civil war by June 2013 and death toll eventually reached 250,000in August 2015. The situation became worse when jihadist group Islamic State has claimedcontrol over the portion of Syrian and Iraqi territory. Eventually, United States of America thatcould not tolerate violation of international peace by the IS’ terror attacks and Syriagovernment’s continuous use of chemical weapons to fight against Syrian civilians finallyintervene by taking several humanitarian action by using certain military force such aswarplanes. Even though there were many humanitarian aids made by United Nation especiallyincluding United Nations Human Rights Council and United Nations Security Council, Syrianrefugees are encountering a greater hurdle when they are neglected by European societies.
Themain reason why many European countries are reluctant to accept Syrian refugee is due to theseries of IS’ terrorist attack that has created ‘xenophobia’ within the European countries.However, we have to notice the fact that there are also innocent Syrian civilians who havenothing to do with terrorism but are merely urgent for their survival. Furthermore, Syrianrefugees are not only encountering economic distress that 70% of Syrian refugees who hadsettled in several European societies are suffering in poverty, but also enduring psychologicaldistress caused by language and cultural barriers and xenophobic reaction from Europeansocieties.Along with the humanitarian aids by nations and organizations, Security Council that hasultimate goal of maintaining peace in the world had an influential impact on the world. In theGeneva Communique in 30 June 2012, they reemphasized the six-point plan from SecurityCouncil resolutions 2042 and 2043. According to six-point plan, it accommodate nations tosupport humanitarian aid toward Syrian civilians and promote termination of military threat uponcertain nation. Furthermore, Resolution 2254 made by Security Council in 2015 was a indicationto the world that international society would cooperate to handle Syrian Civil war and therefugees who are suffering from certain dreadful situations.In regards to the matter of refugees, Japan admit the fact that we have accepted relativelylow number of Syrian refugees compared to other countries such as United States and someEuropean countries.
However, we want to emphasize the fact that we have not discard RefugeeConvention, and we still have intention to support refugees as much as possible. Our countryhave gave $181.6 million dollars to the United Nation High Commissioner for Refugees(UNHCR) by ranking in the second largest donor after United States. Furthermore, thegovernment of Japan as donated $1.5 million to the United Nations Children’s Funds (UNICEF)in order to save Syrian refugee children and women in Iraq. UNICEF showed a sincere gratitudetowards our country, and they said that they would use those money in useful ways such as forconstruction of taps, showers and latrines to give safe water and hygiene facilities in Dohagovernorate and 7000 refugees in Al-Qaim camp in Anbar governorate.
Since Japan has keptHomogeneity within our country, our country is continuously trying to reach out from ourcomfort zone and endeavor to be assimilated in the globalized world. Thus, our country isconsidering several plans to be a sincere participant of Refugee convention by implementinglaws that support accepting more Syrian refugees in a safe way and creating programs that teachJapanese people about multiculturalism and deal with possible xenophobia from Japanesepeople. Overall, I think the best solution for our country to advocate Syrian refugees is to notonly give realistic criticisms to our country, but also admit and complement certain financialcontribution we have made throughout several years. If you decide to have generousperseverance for our country to step out from our comfort zone, it would certainly be a drivingforce for our country to engage more on supporting refugees.The Delegate of Japan strongly recommends Security Council to discuss upon seekingways to restore order in the formerly IS-controlled region and to prevent the reconstruction ofsuch terrorist groups regarding the Agenda item B. Islamic State is conducting various terroristactions throughout the world, and it is certainly an action that is threatening the peace of thenations. The number of innocent people whose lives have been deprived by religious extremistsare increasing, and several Middle East countries such as Iraq and Syria are suffering in theirbrutal control by the Islamic state.
Thus, Security council whose main job is to establish peaceand support security among nation is certainly responsible for this topic and should activelyengage in managing certain problems associated with increasing terrorist threat such as ISIS.The Islamic state begins to gain power when Muhammad became progenitor of theIslamic religion. According to their viewpoint, they think that expansion of their territorythrough terrorism is the mean to reveal the ‘divine will’, which became the origin of modernjihadist playbook. An ascension of Caliph Ali led to a civil war and created divisions among theMuslims by Shia and Sunni. Among many terrorist groups from Islamic state, ISIS is oriented asa Sunni militant group created in 1999. Since they performed various brutal acts including rapingwomen, beheading, and crucifixion, wester forces and other nation began to react uponunacceptable terrorism conducted by ISIS. Currently, ISIS terrorist group is not only threateningMiddle East countries, but also attacking nations such as United States, Germany, Belgium,France, Australia, and Indonesia, which are nations that are far from the groups of countries suchs Iraq and Syria.
Furthermore, their cruel behaviors can be examined when you see the postingsin SNS done by ISIS that include pictures of beheadings and destructions.In regards to this problem of ongoing terrorist act by ISIS and other terrorist groups,Security council has established resolutions 1267, 1989, and 2253 regarding this topic and someof the contents were rented by the resolution 2368 in 2017. The details of resolution includeassets freeze that prevent financial assets or economics resources transporting to certain terroristgroups, travel ban that monitor the possible entrance of certain individuals of terrorist group,arms embargo is to prevent terrorist group for gaining military weapons from certain individualsor entities since it will further strengthen their power for conducting terrorism.
Furthermore,there was a Security Council Resolution 2379, which was to collect incidents or evidences of IS’crimes in Iraq that include crimes, genocide, or any other crimes that is threatening humanity.Importantly, our country had an incident regarding the inhumane action done by ISIS thattwo Japanese citizens were beheaded by the hands of Islamic state. This incident has evokedJapan to take cautious attention to the possible actions that ISIS would take in next order. Thus,we are actually in an active engagement regarding this topic of ISIS’ terrorism, and we havecontributed more than 33 million to the humanitarian crisis by providing support for emergencyshelters and relief items for displaced citizens from Iraq and Syria. We are eager to handle thisproblem of terrorism, and I hope tragedy caused by brutal and unacceptable action from Islamicstate would end as soon as possible. At the end, I think the best solution for this phenomenon isto supervise if any possible military weapons or financial assets that might be transported togroups such as ISIS and collaborate with various experts such as geographers and technologistswho would help us to collect valuable resources regarding ISIS.
Furthermore, we should furtherdiscuss how to provide sufficient support for the countries in Middle East including Iraq andSyria since they are the main sites that ISIS is having a control upon.