The field of Information systems (IS) has changed along with the development of Information technology and applications over the past twenty years. The article explains that Information system is a set of computerized mechanism that are used to collect, create and store data. Information systems have been incorporated by many organizations, businesses, institutions, and companies to easy management of business activities.
Evolution of Information System: The ongoing improvement of something over successive decades.During 1950 -1960 phase, the article describes the role of Information System was mainly to carry out activities like processing transaction, recordkeeping and accounting. Information System was mostly used for Electronic Data Processing (EDP). EDP explains the use of computers in recording, classifying, manipulating, and summarizing the data. It is also known as information processing or automatic data processing.
Transaction Processing System (TPS) was the first computerized system developed to process business data. TPS was mostly used by then workers of an organisation. TPS collects, modifies, stores and retrieves day-to-day transactions of a business.During 1960 -1970 phase, the role of Information System change from TPS to Management Information Systems (MIS). MIS process data to informative reports and provide managers with the tools to organize assess and efficiently manage departments within a business.MIS generates three types of information:1) Detailed report.2) Format review quickly and easily.3) Exception inventory report by Filtering dataDuring 1970 -1980 phase, the foremost development was a beginning of the personal computers.
This role of information systems to provide interactive ad-hoc carry for the decision-making process to managers and business professionals is called Decision Support Systems (DSS).Examples of DSS: Risk analysis and product pricing.During 1980 -1990 phase, gave rise to computing due to many business companies purchasing their own hardware and software to suit their needs. EIS provides decision making facilities to management both internal and external information.During 1990 -2000 phase, the fast growth of Internet and global networks changed ability of Information System in business. There was an advance in the development and application of artificial intelligence (AI) techniques to business information systems.
Expert systems (ES) and knowledge management systems (KMS) organized together.During 2000 – Present: Internet and related technologies and applications changed the way businesses operate and people work. Information systems Trends: Efficient and proficient data communication and networking facilities are vital to any enterprise. Business activities have been made high-speed and more efficient by utilizing of computer system infrastructure.
The trends of the information system have integrated in many companies like e-commerce and cloud have turned out to be many changes to the whole programming industry, and new techniques like object oriented programming language, and programming structure. The main activities that companies have integrated the systems contain marketing, customer relationship management, inventory management, human resource relationship management, accounting information management, transaction management, payroll management, record keeping for the whole organization, monitoring of distribution channels, and many other operations. It has verified very profitable to all the sectors. All over the world, many organizations have used the evolving information systems to perform their day to day activities. The article finishes up with affirming how the Information frameworks are a shelter to the business at each level.
Likewise it takes a gander at how well the organizations have grasps it in each section. This is an able article portraying the present point of discourse of the Evolution and Trends of the Information System.