The 13th,14th and 15th amendments are the three slavery amendments that Changed African American history for centuries andgenerations to come I am writing this article on the slavery amendmentsbecause I feel as if African Americans Deserve to know how far they’ve come from pickingcotton and getting mistreated for centuries The 13thamendment The 13th amendment was one of the first ofthe three slavery amendments to be passed by an American congress after the American civil war onJanuary 31st 1865 under President Abraham Lincoln. The 13thwas passed under the emancipation Proclamation under President Abraham Lincoln declaring”, all persons held as slaves within any State o designated part of state the people whereofshall be in rebellion against the United States Of America shall thence forward, and forever free”.Although the amendment was passed under The senate on April 1st, 1869, however the Houseof Representatives did not when this happened President Lincoln took action in ensuring theamendment passed through the house.
President Lincoln added that the passage of the 13thamendment be added to the rebellion party agenda For upcoming presidential elections, finally with allof Lincolns fighting Lincoln finally found Success on January 31st, 1865 the House ofRepresentatives passed the bill with a vote of 119 to 56, however even with the 13th amendmentbeing passed so easily this still didn’t much for slaves They might of have been released and freed, but theywere still oppressed by many other Elements such as white race prejudice the governmentin the south passed laws such as black Codes these were laws that gave freed black slavescertain legal rights like the right to marry but Only they were required to marry their own race nointerracial marriage, own property, and sue In court, but the codes also made it illegal totestify in against whites in court, serve on a jury, They were also not able to join state militias. Blackcodes were just one of the many elements That oppressed freed slave’s other problems they facedwere poverty, in many situations many Slaves found themselves free but nowhere to go,nowhere to sleep, no jobs because many Whites did want a black person working on or in theirbusiness also the whites did not Believe a black man should be payed the same as awhite man working the same job, because Of these laws being passed this led to many blacks notbeing able to sustain a life for them and Their families but this was not the end of theoppression Jim Crow laws were laws that were Introduced in the late 1870s to blacks to separatethem from society many places such as public Bathrooms, restaurants, buses etc.… were oftenseparate with signs that would spell colored or Blacks.
it was laws likeblack codes an Jim crow that made life a living hell for freed slaves or Thecolored it was laws like such as these that led to the passing of anotheramendment. The 14thAmendment The 14th amendment was passed on July 9th,1868 under President Andrew Johnson the Amendment granted citizenship rights for former orfreed slaves after the American Civil war. Amendment 14th consisted of fivesections one of the many five is Section one which stated that all persons born ornaturalized in any US state are Considered citizens of the U.S.A and the state he/shewere born this finally meant That blacks could be considered an actual citizen ofany state rather than being considered Being owned property of slave masters, even though thebill was passed just like the 13th It was criticized not just because blacks were grantedcitizenship it was also criticized Because many people especially whites thought thatwith the passing of the bill many Other countries would hear this news and they wouldflee their homes and come to the US To become a citizen of one of the greatest countriesin the world and just what many whites Feared is just what happened with the passing of the14th amendment being passed it Brought an immersive amount immigrant from continentssuch as china, Italy and Ireland During this time the US saw a massive influx ofimmigrants from various countries They came over for a chance to get jobs and that theyand their children could become Citizens of the US, in fact a man by the name ofWilliam m tweed was mobilizing Irish American votes for Tammany 20,000 to 30,000 people hadbecome a naturalized citizen in New York six weeks before the election .the secondsection of the 14th amendment Representatives of a state shall be appointed by howmany lives live in the state except for Indians not being taxed, each person in the state arecounted by whole in order to get the Number of representatives to represent the state inthe general elections. Third section Of the amendment no government official includingsenators, representatives, president and Vice presidentunder oath shall not hold a public / military office because we need our Government officials to represent the public on ourbehalf their government office is way to High to downgrade to hold public offices.
Section 4the validity of the public debt of the US Authorized by law including debts incurred forpayments of pensions and bounties shall not be Questioned. Section 5 the congress shall have power toenforce by appropriate legislation the Provisions of the 14th amendment. The 15th Amendment IS the third and last of the slavery amendments thatwas passed by congress on February 26th 1869 and it was ratified on February 3rd1870 it was passed to grant African American men The right to vote this was it the barrier that needed tobroke and it was finally accomplished Finally a black man had the advantage to vote for hisown president a president of his choice. The amendment declared that the “rights of citizens ofthe united states or by any state on Account of race, color, or previous condition ofservitude” in the eyes of many this brought Happiness but it was still a joke because even withthe passing of the amendment there were Still problems that faced many black men things likeliteracy test halted many black men Because many blacks never got taught how to read itwas going to be hard for them to Understand who they were voting for another was polltax which was a fee that was paid To satisfy tax payer’s requirement in voting and inmany situations many blacks did not