The underage child employment. Congress then passed the

Progressive Era rose as a response to immense changes brought about by
modernizations, growth of corporations, pollution and corruption in the
government. During the period between 1908 to 1920, there was widespread child
labor in the U.S. soil. Children would work in industrialized factories in the
midst of all the pollution and difficult working conditions all-day and even
through extended hours. Even though this was a practice against the law, it was
considered helpful especially for those children who came from not well-of
families. The children were subjected to harsh working conditions and even
during the winters, they would work upwards of 50 hours a week. The children
wanted to go to school and learn but were not able since they were working all
the time. The working sites were not only risky but harmful as well for the
children. Due to exposure to such conditions, most children would find
themselves indulging in destructive behaviors such as drug abuse in order to
numb what they felt on the inside; pain. Hine’s photographs aided in creating
awareness of the much needed child labor reform. This resulted in many states
banning underage child employment. Congress then passed the Fair Labor
Standards Act in 1938, which was declared constitutional in 1941 setting
working hours to 40 per week and a 40 cents wage payment per hour. The act
prohibited employment in industries with hazardous conditions of ages below 18
while employment in non-hazardous environments was set at 16. This played a big
role in the progressive era in America where major issues were discussed and
worked upon one after another.