Thedevelopment of literature is very fast. The Great Britain is the main place inwhich the development of literature is very fast in Europe.
The literatureworks in Great Britain can support all of the people to make the criticalthinking about religion, history, romantic, belief, politic, and etc. TheBritish literature has many periods. In that period also has the most importantoccasion besides the development of literature itself. For example is ocean exploration.The ocean exploration has purpose to find the new world. In 1492, ChristopherColumbus found a new world which is being familiar with name America. Thedevelopment of America is very fast in all of the fields because it issupported by the immigrant from the Britain. From the literature side, Americanliterature has different characteristic from British literature.
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Some of theliterature works of American has uniqueness than British literature. Because ofthe uniqueness of American literature makes we should know and learn about theAmerican literature. The beginning of literature works inAmerica. When American was discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1492.
Christopher Columbus found the origin people in the new world or American. Hegave the name to the origin people is Indian people. The term Indian peoplestill use for calling the origin people of American until now. At that time thedress of the Indian people is very simple indeed there are naked or not wearingany dress to do some activities.
The Indian people had not religion whenChristopher Columbus found them. So, Christopher Columbus baptized the Indianpeople. At the first, the Indian people did not understand about the languageof Christopher Columbus, but they studied very fast. So, they could adapt andunderstood the language of Christopher Columbus. Christopher Columbus made signof the cross to the Indian people after that Indian people started to studyabout Christian. About the literature work of Indian people itself, theydeveloped their literature work through oral.
They delivered their literaturework through oral way especially they did story telling in front of otherpeople from the generation to other generation. They usually made theirliterature work based on nature for examples are the story about sun, moon,solar and lunar eclipse, thunder, and etc. There are some literature worksabout soul, supernatural for example the animals could change as human, magicespecially about white and black magic, and their belief about heaven and hellfor example the story about human from heaven and hell. Furthermore, there aresome literature works about legend such as the legend of Yuchi, Kohwa, thelegend of how the earth formed, and the legend about the stranger who visitedthe Indian people for trading and then they walked way.
The characteristic ofIndian literature was having the traditional sense. Colonial period is the first period ofliterature in America. The development of American literature is begin whenEnglish speaker come to the America. 1492-1700 is the colonial literature inAmerica. Colonialism is the main inspiration of literature work at that time andalso other inspiration to make literature works is English literature. Americanliterature was supported by the English explore in Colonial period.
The firstAmerican writer is John Smith. He is a colonist and English explorer. Hisliterature work is A True Relation of Virginia, it is tell about the colonizingwhich is has some problems. Furthermore, there was a Puritan writer his name William Bradford. The title of hisliterature work is Plymouth Plantation.
It is about the colony’s life thatfocuses about religious and depictions. Revolutionary period is replacement of colonial period. Revolutionaryperiod was happened in 1700-1800. The big influence of revolutionary period isthe feeling dissatisfactions to the system of colonial. The literature workssuch as pamphlet, essay, and speech. The writers became an anti-British,politically, and rationalism. The people that is famous in revolutionary periodsuch as Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Paine, and John Hector ST. John.
BenjaminFranklin is the famous person in revolutionary period. The Way to Wealth is hisliterature work about how becomes a successful person. Then Thomas Paine, he isa pamphleteer. The title of his famous pamphlet is Common Sense. Common senseattacks the system of colonial and gives explanation about America should beindependent. Then, John Hector is the father of America novel.
His literaturework is A Letter from An American Farmer. Theliterature of Romanticism and Transcendentalism period. Theliterature works of romanticism period focuses on renouncement to the aspectsof classicism. And also the literature works of romanticism period preferrednature, imagination, and individualism than religious and political sense.
Thewriters of romanticism period had group the name is The Knickerbockers. The Knickerbockers had job for publishing themagazine in New York. James Fenimore Cooper is the person in romanticism periodwho writes the series of novels that name is Leatherstocking Tales and also Edgar Allan Poe, he is afamous person in American who makes some literature works such as The Mask of the Red Death, The Tell-TaleHeart, and The Black Cat.
Furthermore, there is Transcendentalismperiod. It is the period which is the literature works based on individualismand nature. There are famous literature works such as The Nature written byRalph Waldo Emerson, and the Scarlet Letter, it is the book about Americanliterary history written by Nathaniel Hawthorne. The period of American literature Realismand Naturalism (1835-1910). The main literature works of Realism is Novel.
Realism promoted the theme about the negative of migration and industrializationera. The literature works in Realism such as The Adventure of Tom Sawyer andThe Adventures of Huckleberry Finn written by Mark Twain and also Uncle Tom’s Cabinwritten by Harriet Beecher-Stowe. Furthermore,Naturalism is other period in 1835-1910.
The naturalism drew the situationabout prostitutes, crime, drunks, poverty, and the environment problems. Someof the literature works such as Maggie:A Girl of the Streets, it is about prostitute in New York and The Red Badge of Courage, it is about thesoldier has experience in Civil war. Both of the literature works writtenby Stephen Crane. Themodernism period in America.
American encountered modernism in 20thcentury. Modernism made the poet and writer showed their experience and feelingabout how the life in modern period. The literature works more complicated fromwriting side. Ezra Pound is the famous person in this period. His literature workssuch as Cantos.T. S. ELIOT and The Waste Land.
F. SCOTT FITZGERALD also writes The Great Gatsby.It is the story about a man named Nick Carraway who converges with JayGatsby which is he is rich man.