TITLE: NUTRITION CYCLE IN THE LIFE OF INFANTS          STUDENT NAME: GRACE MUTALESTUDENT NUMBER: 2016992100085COURSE NAME: HEALTH PROMOTIONTEACHER’S NAME: CAIFANG ZHANGSCHOOL: MEDICAL SCHOOL HANGZHOU NORMAL UNIVERSITYDATE: 15TH DECEMBER 2017INTRODUCTION   Optimal feeding practices such as exclusive breast feeding and good complementary feeding for infants ranks the most effective  interventions to improve infant health The nutritional  life of an infant is so crucial due to that s/he  is solely dependent on the mother and family- network  around  to provide the best nutrition for his/her growth. From conception, an infant in womb was receiving nutrients through the umbilical cord, but now after birth , the infant is fed. The nutrition of an infant consists of breast milk only in first six months and solid foods plus breast milk from 6-12 months according to  WHO-Infant and Young Feeding (2009).     WHO-Infant and Young Feeding (2009) records that  It was estimated that sub-optimal breastfeeding, especially non-exclusive breastfeeding in the first 6 months of life, results in 1.4 million deaths and 10% of the disease burden in children younger than 5 years. Later this year, the organization recorded that  undernutrition is estimated to be associated with 2.7 million child deaths annually or 45% of all child deaths.     Referring to the above statistics, both mother and baby should be supported emotionally and economically for optimal feeding to be achieved . Interventions such as  education of mother, family-network  and health professionals must be made in depth. The promotion of breastfeeding among nursing mothers could save many lives of infant.     This project looks at the nutritional life of an infant which includes,  the first food breast milk,  the infants second foods (such as cereal, porridge, formula), the challenges an infant faces in this stage and certain interventions  that can be meet in order for them to thrive through infancy. KEY WORDSNutrition: is the science that interprets the interaction of nutrient and other substances in food in relation to maintenance, growth, reproduction, health and disease of an organism. It includes food intake, absorption, assimilation, biosynthesis, catabolism and excretion. ( Wikipedia- https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nutrition )Infants: a child from 0 to 12 months old.( Wikipedia- https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Infant )Life cycle:  the sequence of life stages that an organism undergoes from birth to reproduction ending with the generation of the offspring. (Wikipedia-   https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Life_cycle)Exclusive Breastfeeding: that an infant receives only breast milk from his or her mother or a wet nurse, or expressed breast milk, and no other liquids or solids, not even water, with the exception of oral rehydration solution, drops or syrups consisting of vitamins, minerals supplements or medicines (WHO- Infant and Young  Child Feeding,2009 p.4)Complementary feeding: as the process starting when breast milk is no longer sufficient to meet the nutritional requirements of infants, and therefore other foods and liquids are needed, along with breast milk. (WHO- Infant and Young  Child Feeding,2009 p.4)CONCEPT     The nutritional  life of an infant begins in the womb. The well being  of a pregnant woman in terms of nutrition must me put into consideration and measures should be taken in order to ensure that food she consumes is health and nutritious food during the course of pregnancy and afterwards delivery time.   An Introduction to Nutrition(index.html)(v. 1.0).( page 598) ) says  “It is crucial to consume healthy foods at every phase of life, beginning in the womb. Good nutrition is vital for any pregnancy and not only helps an expectant mother remain healthy, but also impacts the development of the fetus and ensures that the baby thrives in infancy and beyond.”     Kids


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