TMA starting with psychologyThis essay explains the many ways in which we organise ourthoughts and how some may improve our memory. I am looking atmental images, schemas and concepts to demonstrate how weorganise our thinking.Mental images are iconic pictures in our mind which describes aword that we are thinking about for example in the textbookstarting with psychology it explains how mental images can beused to learn a foreign language, Raugh and Atkinson (1975) used atechnique to remember words the example used was to imagine abin as a bell and then lifting the lid and smelling somethingterrible, we would have the words ???pooh ??“ belle??? rememberingimages relating to words this then gave us the translation for bin.
Mnemonics is a technique used to improve the memory, as well asusing mental images we may use words, my own example, when Iwas a child, to remember the order of the solar system I used thewords ???my very easy method just speeds up naming planets??? thisgave me the first letter of each planet and by remembering thosewords enabled me to name the planets in order.Concepts is a way of organising information into categories this isused when doing shopping lists or things to do list becausethey are in groups like toiletries and fruit and vegetables.It helps to improve the memory because if we forget something itwill come back to us whist thinking of another item because onething often links to another.Weston Bousfield (1953) asked participants for his experiment tolearn sixty words and divided them into four categories, theexample used was furniture, clothing, flowers and fruit.
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The itemswere random but it showed that by remembering hat and sock thenit was easier to remember trousers, I tried the experiment in thetextbook ???Starting with psychology??? myself and found that I wasthen able to remember all the items for the activity.Schemas is described as a framework of knowledge again in thetextbook ???Starting with psychology??? it shows how the memory is afiling cabinet and that each file is a schema, it is the process ofdoing something, Schemas helps us store information in small bitsthis enables us to create the bigger picture of what something is.Schema was used by the psychologist Jean Piaget, he investigatedthe way that children developed their thinking, they did this bydeveloping schemas which are built up from life experiences.So, I have looked at the ways that we can organise our thinkingand how they may improve our memory.Mental images gives us pictures of things, concepts put things intocategories and schemas which is having knowledge of small bits ofinformation that is developed from experiences.ReferencesBousfield, Weston (1953) ??“ starting with psychologyMandler, George (1967) ??“ starting with psychologyRaugh M.R and Atkinson R.C (1975) ??“ starting with psychology