Topic: Pak-China Relations-Implications for IndiaAbstract: In the world of current international PoliticsChine-Pak relations attitude out as one of the few permanent friendships thathave endured the pressures of time and shifting geo-strategic conditions. Both twocountries established diplomatic ties in 1951 and have never observed back. In2011, they remembered 60 years of diplomatic ties, which was also designated asthe China-Pakistan Year of Friendship. As staunch allies and strategic associatesfor the past few decades, China-Pakistan shared a friendship which has provedof great value in maintenance of their geo-political and strategic objectives.Their strong meeting in security welfares has led to a multi-faceted deliberaterelationship which is reflected in a strong show of support for each other’spositions across a wide spectrum of bilateral, regional and international issues.
From China’s standpoint, Pakistan serves many of its vital geo-strategic purposesin the area. First, friendship with Pakistan affords a useful offset to India’spreeminence in South Asia, serving to check India’s rising presence then cloutin the area. Second, Pakistan serves as an significant entrance to the Muslimworld. It also runs China an access to energy rich countries in Western Asia,helping China meet its rising energy supplies. It also provides a quick corporealchannel to China’s relatively less industrialized Western parts, particularly incitingdevelopment in the restive province of Xinjiang, which is crucial to China’sinternal security. Pakistan can develop more with the help of China, as Indiais Enemy of Pakistan it is not good for India.
Methodology: “Pak-China Relations-Implications for India is an applied research topic.”Hypothesis: “China Pak Relations will have negativeimplications for India” ResearchQuestions1. What isthe conflict of India with China?2. What isthe role of China in Development of Pakistan?3.
WhyIndia is sad by CPEC?4. What arethe implications of Pak-China Relations on India?Introduction:TheChina Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is a superior part of the ‘One Belt OneRoad’ including of the Silk Road. (OBOR) connected three major continents ofthe world which are Asia, Europe and Africa. The huge investment of China inPakistan is a debated issue of current time. Purpose of China to maintain economicand strategic relations with Pakistan for his own economic benefits by creatinga shorter oil transport route from Middle East. India is against the CPEC becauseCPEC passes through the Gilgit Baltistan (territory of Kashmir) PakistanOccupied Kashmir (POK). China has to face internal challenges as well whileimplementing CPEC.
Pakistan also enjoys the fruits of this 3000 km long routewhich include roads, railways, and energy pipe lines. The entire project isworth approximately $75 billon.HistoricalBackground:China- Pakistan maintains close communication andcoordination on international and regional issues of common concerns. China hasalways definitely supported Pakistan’s development and implementation ofanti-terrorism security strategy based on its national conditions.(By APPPak-China ties).Pakistan positively helped China on the disputes ofTaiwan, Tibet, Xinjiang and other issues relating to China’s core interests.
China decisively supports Pakistan in defense of its independence, sovereigntyand territorial integrity.(By APP Pak-China ties). Economic and Trade:Pakistan’s second largest trading partner is China, and China’slargest investment destination in South Asia with total bilateral trade reachedat 18 billion US dollars is done by Pakistan.
The trade volume between the twosides grew from $5.7bn to $100.11bn during a 15-year period from 2000 to 2015. Worthof agreements signed between China-Pakistan during that time from $1.
8bn to$150.8bn. China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is moving ahead well includingenergy, finance, information and communications with worth of $56 bn.Defense Relations:The productions of the needs of Pakistan self-defense arefulfilled by The Pakistan Aeronautical Complex located at Kamra, Heavy Forgeand Foundry, Heavy Mechanical Complex (HMC), Heavy Re-build Factory at Taxila whichare developed with the assurance of china and Pakistan Steel Mill at Karachi alsoare example of good defense relations between China-Pakistan. The production ofJF-17 Thunder fighter aircraft at Aeronautical Complex Kamra stands out as rememberable relations of both countries which are think able for the world. Pakistanwith the help of China developed well in the fields of her self-defense. Majorindustries build for the motives of self-defense productions in Pakistan are PakistanAeronautical Complex (PAC), Heavy Industries Taxila, Pakistan OrdnanceFactories (POF), are developed in Pakistan with the help of China.
NuclearRelations:China has believed that nuclear system of Pakistan is guaranteeof Pakistan defense and also China is a supporter of Pakistan’s nuclear powergeneration for peaceful purposes. Chashma Nuclear Power Plant in Punjab set upwith Chinese assistance by its CNNC (China National Nuclear Corporation) underInternational Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) protections.Implications for India (India Sovereignty):India claims that CPEC is passing through GilgitBaltistan a territory of Kashmir occupied by Pakistan.
China is used the landof India occupied by Pakistan illegally. India wants if the CPEC proves success;India and Pakistan enjoy equally benefits from CPEC. Furthermore, China haseasy access to reach the border side of India through Pakistan, so this isdanger for India.China-Pakistan control over trade via Sea:2/3 or 60% of Indian oil passes through Strait of Hormuz.India import oil from Saudi Arabia, Iran, UAE, and Iraq. China-Pakistan has aneasy access to reach the north and Latin America and provided a shorter routefor the international movements of goods for the world by Oceans i-e Pacificand Atlantic Oceans. Chines String of Pearl:In Indian Ocean the presence of china with the ‘String ofPearls’ get-up-and-go for china: According to the point of view of Indian andAmerican defense analysis String of Pearls is a game of china to surround’s theIndian territory by airfields and ports in Sea.
Port Sudan (Sudan), Maldives, Somalia and Seychelles, Chittagongport (Bangladesh), Hambantota port (Sri Lanka), a control of Gwadar port establishes completedominance of the Indian Ocean and for defense of china trade in world.Chinese military presence Pakistan said that it has noany idea of chines military activities in the country, China has often hintedat deploying its marine corps at the strategically important port. Thepossibility of China stationing its troops in the region to secure itsinvestment in case of a possible terror attack in militancy-infectedBalochistan cannot be ruled out.Emergenceof Pakistan as an Outsourcing Destination: ‘Marshall Plan’ ofChina – named after a historic US plan to provide financial aid to westernEurope in the aftermath of WWII, which helped Europe rebuild itself – CPEC ispoised to speed up Pakistan’s economic progress.Development of commercial towns adjoining the corridorand better rail and road connectivity enabling the movement of a skilledworkforce from the hinterlands to the urban centers can help Pakistan emerge asa key destination for contract-manufacturing-outsourcing for the Westerneconomies. “When India is becoming costlier and Bangladesh has performed poorlyon quality and regulatory standards”.Pakistani exports, With the logistics of cost and transittime coming down, especially from the MSMEs, posing serious competition toIndian will also gain an international market, OEMs and handicraft manufacturers that relylargely on overseas consumers.Pakistani exports, mainly in the textile and constructionmaterial industry, compete directly with those of India in the US and UAE – twoof the top three trading partners of both countries.
(Pakistan will be suitablyplaced to become a regional market leader in these sectors – mainly at the costof Indian export volumes).Stronger OBOR and ChineseDominance in Trade Leadership:China’s one-belt-one-road (OBOR) project that focuses onthe trade connectivity between China and the rest of Eurasia through a networkof ports, roads and railways has been often seen as China’s plan to dominatethe region politically. “CPEC is one giant step in the same direction”.”US withdrawal from the TPP (Trans Pacific Partnership)has already left the member countries of Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile,Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore and Vietnam looking toChina for global leadership in trade”. An uncertain EU after Britain’swithdrawal and a weakened NAFTA, the renegotiation of which seems certain inthe Trump regime, will only help establish China’s superiority across the globe.
A China that is more accepted and integrated with therest of the global economy will have a better say in the UN and with individualnations, which may prove to be bad news for an India aspiring to acquire apermanent seat at the UN Security Council. Conclusion:India has not good relations with china and Pakistan. Thesituation of LOC on the territory of Kashmir is on the front of world. Currentdisputes between India and China are on Arunachal Paradash and Doklam Standoff.
Furthermore, CPEC (China Pakistan Economic Corridor) approximately $75 billionproject is not bear to India. Pak-China relations are so good with aspect ofEconomics, Defense and Nuclear. India feels jealousy by grew up economy of bothPakistan and China and also increasing influence of both countries in theworld.