Topic: significant entrance to the Muslim world. It

Topic: Pak-China Relations-Implications for India


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In the world of current international Politics
Chine-Pak relations attitude out as one of the few permanent friendships that
have endured the pressures of time and shifting geo-strategic conditions. Both two
countries established diplomatic ties in 1951 and have never observed back. In
2011, they remembered 60 years of diplomatic ties, which was also designated as
the China-Pakistan Year of Friendship. As staunch allies and strategic associates
for the past few decades, China-Pakistan shared a friendship which has proved
of great value in maintenance of their geo-political and strategic objectives.
Their strong meeting in security welfares has led to a multi-faceted deliberate
relationship which is reflected in a strong show of support for each other’s
positions across a wide spectrum of bilateral, regional and international issues.
From China’s standpoint, Pakistan serves many of its vital geo-strategic purposes
in the area. First, friendship with Pakistan affords a useful offset to India’s
preeminence in South Asia, serving to check India’s rising presence then clout
in the area. Second, Pakistan serves as an significant entrance to the Muslim
world. It also runs China an access to energy rich countries in Western Asia,
helping China meet its rising energy supplies. It also provides a quick corporeal
channel to China’s relatively less industrialized Western parts, particularly inciting
development in the restive province of Xinjiang, which is crucial to China’s
internal security. Pakistan can develop more with the help of China, as India
is Enemy of Pakistan it is not good for India.


“Pak-China Relations-Implications for India is an applied research topic.”

Hypothesis: “China Pak Relations will have negative
implications for India”


What is
the conflict of India with China?

What is
the role of China in Development of Pakistan?

India is sad by CPEC?

What are
the implications of Pak-China Relations on India?


China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is a superior part of the ‘One Belt One
Road’ including of the Silk Road. (OBOR) connected three major continents of
the world which are Asia, Europe and Africa. The huge investment of China in
Pakistan is a debated issue of current time. Purpose of China to maintain economic
and strategic relations with Pakistan for his own economic benefits by creating
a shorter oil transport route from Middle East. India is against the CPEC because
CPEC passes through the Gilgit Baltistan (territory of Kashmir) Pakistan
Occupied Kashmir (POK). China has to face internal challenges as well while
implementing CPEC. Pakistan also enjoys the fruits of this 3000 km long route
which include roads, railways, and energy pipe lines. The entire project is
worth approximately $75 billon.


China- Pakistan maintains close communication and
coordination on international and regional issues of common concerns. China has
always definitely supported Pakistan’s development and implementation of
anti-terrorism security strategy based on its national conditions.(By APP
Pak-China ties).

Pakistan positively helped China on the disputes of
Taiwan, Tibet, Xinjiang and other issues relating to China’s core interests.
China decisively supports Pakistan in defense of its independence, sovereignty
and territorial integrity.(By APP Pak-China ties).


Economic and Trade:

Pakistan’s second largest trading partner is China, and China’s
largest investment destination in South Asia with total bilateral trade reached
at 18 billion US dollars is done by Pakistan. The trade volume between the two
sides grew from $5.7bn to $100.11bn during a 15-year period from 2000 to 2015. Worth
of agreements signed between China-Pakistan during that time from $1.8bn to
$150.8bn. China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is moving ahead well including
energy, finance, information and communications with worth of $56 bn.

Defense Relations:

The productions of the needs of Pakistan self-defense are
fulfilled by The Pakistan Aeronautical Complex located at Kamra, Heavy Forge
and Foundry, Heavy Mechanical Complex (HMC), Heavy Re-build Factory at Taxila which
are developed with the assurance of china and Pakistan Steel Mill at Karachi also
are example of good defense relations between China-Pakistan. The production of
JF-17 Thunder fighter aircraft at Aeronautical Complex Kamra stands out as remember
able relations of both countries which are think able for the world. Pakistan
with the help of China developed well in the fields of her self-defense. Major
industries build for the motives of self-defense productions in Pakistan are Pakistan
Aeronautical Complex (PAC), Heavy Industries Taxila, Pakistan Ordnance
Factories (POF), are developed in Pakistan with the help of China.


China has believed that nuclear system of Pakistan is guarantee
of Pakistan defense and also China is a supporter of Pakistan’s nuclear power
generation for peaceful purposes. Chashma Nuclear Power Plant in Punjab set up
with Chinese assistance by its CNNC (China National Nuclear Corporation) under
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) protections.

Implications for India (India Sovereignty):

India claims that CPEC is passing through Gilgit
Baltistan a territory of Kashmir occupied by Pakistan. China is used the land
of India occupied by Pakistan illegally. India wants if the CPEC proves success;
India and Pakistan enjoy equally benefits from CPEC. Furthermore, China has
easy access to reach the border side of India through Pakistan, so this is
danger for India.

China-Pakistan control over trade via Sea:

2/3 or 60% of Indian oil passes through Strait of Hormuz.
India import oil from Saudi Arabia, Iran, UAE, and Iraq. China-Pakistan has an
easy access to reach the north and Latin America and provided a shorter route
for the international movements of goods for the world by Oceans i-e Pacific
and Atlantic Oceans.


Chines String of Pearl:

In Indian Ocean the presence of china with the ‘String of
Pearls’ get-up-and-go for china: According to the point of view of Indian and
American defense analysis String of Pearls is a game of china to surround’s the
Indian territory by airfields and ports in Sea.

Port Sudan (Sudan), Maldives, Somalia and Seychelles, Chittagong
port (Bangladesh), Hambantota port (Sri Lanka),  a control of Gwadar port establishes complete
dominance of the Indian Ocean and for defense of china trade in world.

Chinese military presence Pakistan said that it has no
any idea of chines military activities in the country, China has often hinted
at deploying its marine corps at the strategically important port. The
possibility of China stationing its troops in the region to secure its
investment in case of a possible terror attack in militancy-infected
Balochistan cannot be ruled out.

of Pakistan as an Outsourcing Destination:

 ‘Marshall Plan’ of
China – named after a historic US plan to provide financial aid to western
Europe in the aftermath of WWII, which helped Europe rebuild itself – CPEC is
poised to speed up Pakistan’s economic progress.

Development of commercial towns adjoining the corridor
and better rail and road connectivity enabling the movement of a skilled
workforce from the hinterlands to the urban centers can help Pakistan emerge as
a key destination for contract-manufacturing-outsourcing for the Western
economies. “When India is becoming costlier and Bangladesh has performed poorly
on quality and regulatory standards”.

Pakistani exports, With the logistics of cost and transit
time coming down, especially from the MSMEs, posing serious competition to
Indian will also gain an international market,  OEMs and handicraft manufacturers that rely
largely on overseas consumers.

Pakistani exports, mainly in the textile and construction
material industry, compete directly with those of India in the US and UAE – two
of the top three trading partners of both countries. (Pakistan will be suitably
placed to become a regional market leader in these sectors – mainly at the cost
of Indian export volumes).

Stronger OBOR and Chinese
Dominance in Trade Leadership:

China’s one-belt-one-road (OBOR) project that focuses on
the trade connectivity between China and the rest of Eurasia through a network
of ports, roads and railways has been often seen as China’s plan to dominate
the region politically. “CPEC is one giant step in the same direction”.

“US withdrawal from the TPP (Trans Pacific Partnership)
has already left the member countries of Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile,
Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore and Vietnam looking to
China for global leadership in trade”. An uncertain EU after Britain’s
withdrawal and a weakened NAFTA, the renegotiation of which seems certain in
the Trump regime, will only help establish China’s superiority across the globe.

A China that is more accepted and integrated with the
rest of the global economy will have a better say in the UN and with individual
nations, which may prove to be bad news for an India aspiring to acquire a
permanent seat at the UN Security Council.



India has not good relations with china and Pakistan. The
situation of LOC on the territory of Kashmir is on the front of world. Current
disputes between India and China are on Arunachal Paradash and Doklam Standoff.
Furthermore, CPEC (China Pakistan Economic Corridor) approximately $75 billion
project is not bear to India. Pak-China relations are so good with aspect of
Economics, Defense and Nuclear. India feels jealousy by grew up economy of both
Pakistan and China and also increasing influence of both countries in the