Tourism – is thebusiness of providing services for people on holiday in hotels, restaurants,and trips. Every year tourism becomes one of the fastest growing economicsectors in the world. ?Today, the business volume of tourism equals foodproducts, oil exports? or automobiles.
It is one of the main income ?sourcesfor many countries. Tourism sphere in industrialized and developed states hasproduced ?economic and employment benefits in many related sectors, like winterand summer resorts, nightlife, villas rent etc. Spain is also a country wheretourism is well developed. But what are the cost and benefits of tourism toSpain’s economy?In Spain summerresorts and beaches, culture and business, nightlife, villas, winter, natureand rural are very developed types of tourism. Summer resorts and beaches werethe first to be developed in Spain, and now, it generates the most income forthe economy. The leading source markets for Spanish beach tourism are the Germanyand France, followed by Scandinavia and Italy and the Netherlands.
Cultural andbusiness tourism in Spain offers many historical cities and towns. Majordestinations include Spain’s two largest cities: Barcelona and Madrid. Bothoffer an enormous number of attractions and their importance in education,entertainment, media, fashion, science, sports, and arts contribute to theirstatus as two of the world’s major global cities.
Alcalá de Henares, Ávila,Córdoba, Cáceres, Cuenca, Ibiza, Mérida, Salamanca, San Cristóbal de La Laguna,Segovia, Santiago de Compostela, Toledo, and Tarragona – thirteen Spanishcities which have been declared by the UNESCO. Spain has 45 total sitesinscribed on the list. They are divided into three groups: cultural, naturaland mixed. Of these 45 sites, 40 are cultural, 3 are natural, and 2 are meetingboth cultural and natural criteria. In Spain, winter tourism is very popular,by an enormous mountain, with well-known ski resorts located in several partsof the country, including the Pyrenees, the Sistema Central, Sierra Nevada, theSistema, and Ibérico. The Sierra Nevada is a popular tourist destination, withits high peaks make skiing possible in one of Europe’s most southerly skiresorts, is known for its warm temperatures and abundant sunshine. Parts of therange have been included in the Sierra Nevada National Park.
The Sierra NevadaObservatory is located on the northern slopes at an elevation of 2,800 meters.Spain is the second largest country in the EU. To date, Spain has a total of 15National Parks, of which 10 are on the mainland, one in the Balearic Islandsand four in the Canary Islands. Spain’s most visited National Park is the TeideNational Park in the Canary Islands, crowned with the third largest Volcano inthe world.
The Teide also has the distinction of being the most visitednational park in Europe and second in the world. The nightlife in Spain is veryattractive to both tourists and locals. This country is known to have some ofthe best night parties in the world. Big cities are favorites amongst the largeand popular parties. Madrid is known as the number one-party city for clubssuch as Pacha and Kapital, and Barcelona is famous for Opium and Sutton.
Ibizahas become world-famous for their associations with tourism, nightlife, and theelectronic music the island has originated. It’s well known for its summer clubscene which attracts very large numbers of tourists, but the island’sgovernment and the Spanish Tourist Office have controversially been working to promotemore family-oriented tourism. Ibiza Town has legendary “port”, apopular stop for many tourists and now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
In Spain,there are many villas in the different regions that provide comfortable livingstandards and other rental services to the tourists. During the last 40 years, Spain’s foreign touristindustry has grown into the second-biggest in the world. The World EconomicForum in 2015 proclaimed the country’s tourism industry as the world’s mostcompetitive. Spain remained the third most visited country in the world. With75 million tourists, in 2016 the country broke its own tourism record for theseventh year in a row.
The size of the business has gone from approximately €40billion in 2006 to about €77 billion in 2016. In 2015 the total value offoreign and domestic tourism provided employment for about 2 million people.And now in 2018, Spain remained the first place in tourism sphere in the world.Spain remains one ofthe best value destinations in Europe for a summer getaway. Mallorca, Menorca,Lanzarote and the Costa del Sol are the five cheapest places for aself-catering holiday. The weather in Spain includes more than 300 days ofsunshine each year. Too many of the world’s must-visit cities are found inSpain, like Barcelona, Madrid, Valencia, Seville, Malaga, and Granada.
“It’s a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the country’s most populartourist attractions – book your tickets for first thing in the morning tominimize crowds, queues and sun in high summer.” writes Telegraph Travel’sRachel Cranshaw. “With more than 5,000 miles of coastline, Spain hasthousands of beaches, from tiny rocky coves to long strips of goldensand,” According to historian Mary Beard, that is. “Go to Segovia forone single stunning Roman view, and a spectacular piece of Romanengineering,” she says. Mallorca is the best place in the world forcyclists, with terrain to suit all styles and abilities. He’s not alone – theisland regularly serves as a training ground for decorated pro-riders. FredMawer writes: “The provinces of Asturias and Cantabria offer the rarecombination of spectacular mountains and fine beaches in proximity.
From thenorthern valleys of the Picos de Europa, a ravishingly beautiful little rangeof lofty limestone peaks and lush, high-altitude pastures, it’s as little as 30minutes’ drive down to superb sandy beaches”. “You could spend a veryhappy holiday indeed exploring the regions where your favorite foods and winesare produced.” writes Annie Bennett.
“In the Guggenheim Bilbao, nospace is specifically assigned to the special exhibitions or to present thecollection: our art programme is a dynamic combination of both types ofshows,” says Juan Ignacio Vidarte, the museum’s director general. Partakeor spectate the Spanish art of flamenco – guitar, dance, and song. “TheIberian coastline’s Atlantic face combines river mouths, hidden coves, and widesandy beaches, providing plenty of variety for holiday surfers,” writesDemi Taylor. “Northern Spain is all about passion, parties, late nightsand pintxos.
And while the name of this lush, verdant mountain-backed region –the Costa Verde – may hint at the rain, it is precisely the area’sever-changing weather patterns that make it so appealing to surfers.”This country is a verypopular place for tourists, but what advantages and disadvantages it has? Theadvantages that tourism bring to a country is jobs for locals in hotels; townsare now lively and interesting; Services have been greatly improved; standardof living has increased; land values have increased; farms have a market tosell their products. The disadvantages in Spain tourism is: jobs are seasonal;some hotels are unplanned, tall & ugly; towns have lost their culture andidentity; services are overused in summer months; prices for local productshave increased; locals can’t afford land for building houses; most tourists donot speak Spanish; traditional Spanish architecture is being swamped; somepartly treated sewage enters the Mediterranean Sea. From the above, we canconclude that tourism has both good and bad sides. But if we consider theeconomy of this country after tourism improvement, we can say that advantagesare greater than disadvantages.Tourism is thebusiness of providing services for people on holiday, for example, hotels,restaurants, and trips.
In Spain summer resorts and beaches, culture andbusiness, nightlife, villas, winter, nature and rural are very developed typesof tourism. Today in 2018, Spain remained the first place in tourism sphere inthe world. It remains one of the best value destinations in Europe for a summergetaway. Spain is the cheapest places for a self-catering holiday. But jobs inthis country are seasonal. In Spain, tourism sphere has both good and bad sides.But if we consider the economy of this country after tourism improvement, wecan say that advantages are greater than disadvantages.