TYPES one year old, female, Boston terrier. Obbie

TYPES OF TEXTS

Analytical text

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Paragraph:

Alexander the Great was a successful ruler because he created long
lasting effects on cultures that still continue to this day. An example of his legacy would
be the creation of a Hellenistic Society. Hellenistic is the combination of
Greek, Persian and Egyptian cultures.
During this remarkable time, people were
encouraged to pursue a formal education and develop many different kinds of
art. New forms of math, science, and art design make a great impact on
contemporary society. If this new
way of life had not been as successful as it was, Alexander’s legacy would not
be as memorable and groundbreaking. By conquering many countries and merging
cultures, Alexander the Great will be credited in history for his many
achievements.

Features:

1.

Topic Sentence

That
details the main point(s) of the paragraph

2.

Example

That
helps to support main point

3.

Explanation of example

Expanding
example by providing additional important details

4.

Discussion

How
example does prove the main claim of statement?

5.

Conclusion

Sum
up the main argument of text in one sentence.

 

Explanation:

The first sentence identifies the
main point of paragraph. The writer introduces the example with a transitional
phase (“for example”) and uses a specific historical detail (“Hellenistic
Society”). Then writer defines”Hellenistic Society”. This further defines the
historical details to the reader. The writer answers the question: Why is this
example important? There is a clear connection made to overall argument of the
paragraph. The concluding sentence sums up the main point of paragraph. It
reminds the reader of the main point as well as the example used in the
paragraph.

Compare and Contrast text

Paragraph:

Although I raised
Marcee and Obbie from puppies, they have completely diverse personalities.
Obbie is a six year old, male, toy Pomeranian whereas Marcee is a one year old,
female, Boston terrier. Obbie is small and soft, unlike Marcee
who has bristly hair and is much bigger. Marcee insists on sleeping on the bed,
under the covers every night. On
the other hand, Obbie will only sleep on the floor, under the bed.
Obbie is tremendously loyal and uptight; however,
Marcee is hyper and friendly to anyone she meets or sees. Around other dogs,
Marcee cowers to the larger dog, yet Obbie will always stand his ground, never
giving up until he is scolded. Given
that they were both treated the same way all their life, it is hard to believe
that they are so different in everything they do.                                                           
(Kayla Marie Anfinson)

Features:

1.

Introduction

Items
to be compared and contrast, main point(s)

2.

Comparison

Emphasizes
the similarities between two things, ideas, concepts, or points of view.

3.

Contrast

Emphasizes
the differences between two things, ideas, concepts, or points of view

4.

Conclusion

Summarize
the main points and may indicate a preference 
for one of the two items being compared

 

 

Explanation:

In the given paragraph, the writer
compares the similarities and differences of two puppies (Marcee and Obbie).
She uses transitional expressions (although, however etc) to show the
comparison of habits of both puppies. In the end, she concludes the paragraph
with her opinion.

Argumentative text

Paragraph:

School uniforms should be mandatory for all
students for a number of reasons. First, they
make everyone equal. In this way, the “rich” kids are on the same level as
the poor ones. In addition, getting
ready for school can be much faster and easier.
Many kids waste time choosing what to wear
to school, and they are often unhappy
with their final choices. Most important, some studies show that school
uniforms make students perform better. Many
people might say that uniforms take away from personal freedom, but I believe
that the benefits are stronger than the drawbacks.

Features:

1.

Introduction

The
thesis statement consists of main point(s).

2.

Reasons

Giving
details to support main point.

3.

Refutation

Proving
a thesis statement or theory to be wrong.

4.

conclusion

Sums
up the argument with our own opinion in one line.

Explanation:

In the given paragraph, firstly, it
is claim that school uniforms are compulsory for students. Then, reasons are
given about the main claim. After that, a drawback is given for proving the
main claim wrong. In the last sentence, the writer concludes the paragraph with
his own opinion.

Enumerative text

Paragraph:

 “When we allow freedom to ring , when we let
it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city,
we will be able to speed up that day when all of God’s children, black men and white men, Jews and
Gentiles, Protestants and
Catholics, will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old
Negro spiritual, ‘Free at last! Free at last! Thank God Almighty, we are free
at last!'”                                       ( ” Have a
Dream King” by Martin Luther” )

Features:

1.

Classification

Organizes
list of information: features, characteristics, parts, or categories.

2.

Signal
words

First,
second, third, last, finally etc.

 

Explanation:

In the given paragraph, the writer
uses enumeration to lay emphasis on specific idea of freedom to elaborate it
further. He lists the categories of people ( “back men and white men”) and
sects of different religions (Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics) to
convey the real message of freedom.