Undisturbed and logged rainforest areas are being totally cleared to provide land for food crops, tree plantations or for grazing cattle (Colchester & Lohmann, n.d.). Much of this produce is exported to rich industrialised countries and in many cases, crops are grown for export while the local populace goes hungry. Modern machinery, fertilisers and pesticides are used to maximise profits. The land is farmed intensively, and in many cases, cattle damage the land to such an extent that it is of no use to cattle ranchers any more, and they move on, destroying more and more rainforest. Not only have the forests been destroyed but the land is exploited, stripped of nutrients and left barren, sustaining nothing. There is no attempt at sustainable practices because the only thing that matters is to make money quickly, with little concern about the environmental damage that they are causing. Due to the delicate nature of rainforest soil and the destructive nature of present day agricultural practices, the productivity of cash crops grown on rainforest soils declines rapidly after a few years.Following the causes, there are a few solutions to counteract the problem of rainforest loss which includes sustainable development programs, practicing sustainable agriculture, and the restoration of forests and nearby ecosystems. Though a massive replanting effort would help to alleviate the problems deforestation caused, it would not solve them all. It would aid in reducing the buildup of carbon in the atmosphere, but it would not bring back the many different species from extinction. Rainforests, and forests in general, cannot absorb all of the carbon dioxide humans are emitting to the atmosphere through the burning of fossil fuels and a reduction in fossil fuel emissions. Research has shown that the restoration of entire ecosystems is most possible in regions where parts or at least parts of the original forest still remain and there are few human population pressures. Small clearings surrounded by forest recover quickly, and large sections may recover in time, especially if some assistance in the reforestation process is provided. After several years, a once-barren field can again support vegetation in the form of pioneer species and secondary growth. Although the secondary forest will be low in diversity and poorly developed, the forest cover will be adequate for some species to return. Restoration of rainforests would improve the effect that has been taking toll on the Earth but it wouldn’t necessarily solve the problem of habitat loss. It would most likely cost too much and there wouldn’t be enough people to plant trees to do it. Additionally, it has been brought up that it fails to generate sufficient economic positives for respecting and maintaining the forest. Rainforests will only continue to survive as functional ecosystems if they can be shown to provide positive economic benefits. Conservation efforts and sustainable development programs are not going to be cost-free, even countries that already get considerable aid from foreign donors have trouble effectively making such initiatives work in the long term. If funding is provided, it could be used to expand protected areas and if protected areas can be developed in such a manner to generate income for local communities, an increased number of parks should theoretically create more economic benefits for a greater share of the population. It could also be used to increase surveillance and patrol in protected areas, establish programs that promote sustainable practices, and build research facilities for local scientist and guides to educate and further their knowledge of improving crop yields, reduce fertilizer and pesticide use, and mitigate soil erosion. Programs that promote sustainable use are key to elevating the standard of living for people living around protected areas. However, not all members of a community will see the direct benefits from employment in the service or production sector, and many people will still rely on traditional use of the natural resources around them whether they receive proper education or not.A sustainable approach to better agriculture practices are important to making sure rainforests stay protected, if local farmers are taught better ways to addressing their problems then it would reduce the need to cut down more forests when the soil has been leached of all nutrients. A better approach to addressing the needs of the rural may be by improving and intensifying currently existing agricultural projects and promoting alternative cultivation techniques—notably permaculture. Permaculture adds a mix of crops to the farmer’s palette that both enables the farm to diversify his or her income stream and enhance degraded soils by restoring nutrients. An added benefit of is that they maintain forest systems, soils, and biological diversity at a far higher level than do conventional agricultural approaches. As long as such fields are adjacent to secondary and old-growth forest, many species will continue to thrive. With the benefits of permaculture, an added bonus is that it is not very expensive, and would cost a lot less than traditional cultivation techniques in the long run. To turn 2000 acres into an eco-friendly permaculture farm would cost an average of $3600, which is not a lot if funding could be placed. It would also help the local economy by implementing jobs that could be filled by the locals. Protecting rainforests should be just important as any other ecological issue that people are facing, they play a huge role on earth and there are severe consequences if the problems are not solved or at least slowed down. There are many different solutions that could be implemented but so far there has been none. And although the counteracting solutions are important, it is believed that humans have pushed it past the point of fixing, and that may be true but it is crucial that some sort of solution is placed in the meantime. “The cost of our success is the exhaustion of natural resources, leading to energy crises, climate change, pollution, and the destruction of our habitat. If you exhaust natural resources, there will be nothing left for your children. If we continue in the same direction, humankind is headed for some frightful ordeals, if not extinction.” – Christian de Duve.