What kickball and many more. Physical therapy is



What are the most reliable,
effective and influential ways to prevent Obesity?

Wahid Shaw

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George Mason University






paper was written in Spring 2017 as a requirement for Advanced Composition
(English 302), Section B 31/07/08 taught by Dr. Nilanjana Dutta






Abstract: This
article analyzes the most effective and influential ways to prevent obesity in
adults and adolescents. Which discusses multiple ways to fight obesity in a
logical and persistent manor. Parents will always be a mentor for their
adolescent children, thus why a parent has to be aware of what danger their
adolescent child will be in. That’s why parents should always make sure their
child is getting the right amount of physical activity and nutrition. There are
multiple after school activities similar to basketball, baseball, football
kickball and many more. Physical therapy is the last and one of the easiest
ways of losing weight and starting a healthier lifestyle. This is because a
physical therapist is a medical health professional who has studied human
anatomy and can help improve an obese patient’s range of motion, mobility,
flexibility and many more.


Physical Therapy, Adolescent, Parents, Nutrition



Wahid Shaw is a
Senior at George Mason University pursuing a Bachelors in Community Health and
will be Graduating in Summer 2018. He plans on pursuing a PhD in Physical
Therapy. He also hopes to own his own physical therapy clinic and gym.








Most children love playing outside,
running, jumping, playing basketball, football or any activities outdoors. But
due to the modern society instead of going outside and enjoying their time in
the sun playing basketball, they tend to get comfortable on a recliner in front
of a video-game console connected to a flat screen television (Werner). Obesity
and physical inactivity has been a very important topic that should be
considered, the main points throughout this essay will be discussed through
adolescents who aren’t getting the exercises they need, how to prevent
adolescent obesity and lastly the difficulty of physical activity for obese individuals.

While a patient is being evaluated in a physical therapy setting the first
procedure is to evaluate the BMI (Body Mass Index) and age.


In most cases parents are the most
influential person an in-adolescent’s life. Doug Werner from USA Today Magazine, stated that:

The average child watches 25 hours
of television per week; parents, nearly 35 hours. By going to bed earlier each
night, the adolescent and parent will likely improve the quality of their sleep
and have more energy in the morning. (Werner)

 Doug Werner goes on
to mention USA Today Magazine if
parents make their child go to bed an hour earlier instead of watching
television, they would wake up energized and ready to get the day started. Most
times children look up to their parents and tend to mimic what the parent is
doing. In these cases, it would be more beneficial to change the parent’s
normal activities with using stairs instead of elevators or escalators. Parents
should try not to drive as much and walk or exercise more frequently so adolescents
will be able to see the way their parents exercise and potentially mimic the
healthy behavior and live a healthy lifestyle. Most areas of behavioral
development with adolescents will always need their parents to be there and be
highly engaged in providing a healthy lifestyle for their child. If the parents
just try to be active with their children like go outside to a playground
instead of being lazy and letting them play video games for hours on end.

There are multiple ways to help
change an adolescent’s views of exercise. Most of the ways are from local
outdoor sports activity, like football, basketball, baseball, or etc. These
sports teams are made for younger children ready to experience what their
favorite sport is. In his USA Today
Magazine, Werner argues that, if sports teams don’t work, many people can try
and recreate TV show or sporting events like Mini-Olympic games with
neighborhood children (Werner). This will help the adolescent children get to
know their neighborhood kids as well and will give a chance for the adolescents
to become better acquainted. Sergej Ostojic who works in the Biomedical Science
Department at the Metropolitan University, who wrote in the Journal
of Health, Population and Nutrition. Sergej noted in the
journal that one in four children aged 6-14 years were obese or overweight
(Sergej). Another way
to insure an adolescent is being active is by taking them to events like the
zoo, museums, or even going to the mall, where the kids would have to play with
their friends and walk around instead of sitting in front of a television. In
most cases, adolescents tend to prefer sitting inside on the computer, playing
video games or even getting on social media (Eating right for healthy joints).

The only individuals that have a say in how often these products are used, are
the adolescent’s parents and the other children they associate with.

 Obese individuals are used to unhealthy eating
habits and haven’t done anything to change them. In most cases obese
adolescents need just that one push that could help them fight their urges.

Obese patients tend to start physical activities and diet regimen’s but end up
quitting because they believe it will take to long for them to get to their
goals. In most cases obese individuals start trying to lose weight and eat clean
because the overeating has pushed them to other dangerous medical concerns like
diabetes, back problems and even several types of cancer (Obesity in the
extreme). As an adolescent is consuming junk food and becoming obese their body
tends to become heavier which makes the adolescent become lazy. It’s much
harder for an obese and overweight patient to lose weight because consistency
is what makes people strive to accomplish their goals. Kelly Brownell is the
Chair and Professor of psychology, Rude Center of Food Policy and Obesity, from
in Science & Technology. Kelly
discussed in his book Childhood Obesity that nine million Americans are
heavy enough to have instant health complications. He goes on to mention how obesity
is only one in many different problems which have been brought because of poor
diet and physical inactivity (Brownell). Kelly believes that these complications are brought by economics,
social culture and politics, because the unhealthy foods are available, taste
better, affordable and has a number of marketing advantages then healthy foods

important prevention for adolescent obesity is physical therapy. Dominique
Hansen from the Facility of Medicine and Life Science who is also a physical
therapist discussed in the book Physical Therapy, she argues that preparticipation testing
should not be expensive in private and home care physical therapy settings
because this allows the patient or adolescent to have the option of getting
help to lose weight and potentially start living a healthier lifestyle (Hansen). Preparticipation tests are evaluations for
a physical therapist in which they can evaluate and understand which medical
safety precautions should be taken and what the patient can or can’t do. One
main topic that Dominique addressed toward the end of the journal was that that
if a physical therapist prescribes fun, not so difficult and enjoyable
exercises then the obese patient would be more likely to re visit for a follow
up visit than a physical therapist that gives the obese patient difficult
exercises (Hansen).

The important topics about obesity
and inactivity where discussed in detail throughout this essay. The main ideas
were noted and can be summed up by, adolescent learning a great deal from
parent or guardians because they are around them most of the day, the parents
need to realize or make sure their children are enrolled in some sort of
physical education related to basketball, football, soccer, wrestling or even
just playing outside on the playground and lastly the most important reason for
losing weight and getting into a healthier state would be to avoid other
medical health concerns like diabetes, arthritis, cardiovascular disease,
stroke, heart disease and many more that could come up while an individual is
obese (Obesity in the Extreme). Most people don’t realize that
their child is not getting enough physical activity when it is too late.


While a patient is being evaluated
in a physical therapy setting the first procedure is to evaluate the BMI (Body
Mass Index) and age. The purpose for this is to make sure the patient is
capable of performing the tasks given by the physical therapist. If a patient
is obese or overweight the physical therapist will incorporate other weight
loss regimens in the patient’s physical therapy lesson, while helping the
patient relieve pain and obtain full mobility and flexibility. “Performed
with your child, walking provides a wonderful bonding experience, and it is
safer, more convenient, and less expensive than most other forms of exercise
(Werner).” Doug Werner suggests that parents should walk with their
children because it makes the parents bond with their child and provides a
healthy alternative to watching television or letting them play video games for
2-3 hours straight.

Work Cited

Werner, Doug. “Battling Childhood Obesity.”
USA Today Magazine, vol. 146, no. 2866, July2017, pp. 62-65. EBSCOhost,

“Obesity in the Extreme.” Harvard Health
Letter, vol.29, no.5, 02 Mar. 2004, pp.


DAVID H. “How Junk Food Can End Obesity. (Cover Story).” Atlantic, vol. 312,no. 1,
Jul/Aug2013, pp. 68-89. EBSCOhost,

“Eating Right for Healthy Joints.” Tufts
University Health & Nutrition Letter, vol. 31, no. 4, June 2013, pp.

1-4. EBSCOhost,

Brownell, Kelly D. “Childhood Obesity.”
“Prompted by Jeffrey P. Koplan and others, Preventing Childhood
Obesity”. Issues in Science & Technology, vol. 21, no. 4,
15 July 2005, pp. 13-14. EBSCOhost,

Hansen, Dominique, et al. “Physical Therapy as
Treatment for Childhood Obesity in Primary Health Care: Clinical Recommendation
from AXXON (Belgian Physical Therapy Association).” Physical
Therapy, vol. 96, no. 6, 2016, pp. 850-864, Research Library, https://search-proquest-com.mutex.gmu.edu/docview/1813114596?accountid=14541.

Ostojic, Sergej M., et al. “Correlation between
Fitness and Fatness in 6-14-Year Old Serbian School Children.” Journal
of Health, Population and Nutrition, vol. 29, no. 1, 2011, pp. 53-60,
Research Library, https://search-proquest-com.mutex.gmu.edu/docview/863812643?accountid=14541.